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Full text of "Oglethorpe University Bulletin, 1994-1996"

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E R S ^ I T Y 

ATLANTA 



1994-96 BULLETIN 



Oglethorpe University is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the 
Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award bachelor's degrees and 
master's degrees. The undergraduate and graduate teacher education programs 
are approved by the Department of Education of the State of Georgia. 



Oglethorpe makes no distinction in its admissions policies or procedures on grounds of race, 
gender, religious belief, color, sexual orientation, national origin, or physical disability. This 
Bulletin is published by the Office of the Provost, Oglethorpe University. The information 
included in it is accurate for the 1994-96 academic years as of the date of publication, June 1994; 
however, the programs, policies, requirements, and regulations are subject to change as circum- 
stances may require. The listing of a course or program in this Bulletin does not constitute a 
guarantee or contract that it will be offered during the 1994-96 academic years. Final responsi- 
bility for selecting and scheduling courses and satisfactorily completing curriculum requirements 
rests with the student. 



Directory of Correspondence 



Oglethorpe University, 4484 Peachtree Road, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797 

(404) 261-1441 



General College Policy 

Academic Policy 

Admissions 

Scholarships and Financial Aid 

Development and Fund Raising 

Financial Information 

Housing and Career Services 

Student Records and Transcripts 
Continuing Education and Evening Classes 
Public Information and Public Relations 



Donald S. Stanton 
President 

Anthony S. Caprio 
Provost 

Dennis T. Matthews 
Director of Admissions 

Pamela S. Beaird 

Director of Financial Aid 

Paul L. Dillingham 
Vice President for Development 

John B. Knott, III 

Executive Vice President 

Janice C. Gilmore 

Director of the Business Office 

Donald R. Moore 
Vice President for Student 
Affairs 

Paul Stephen Hudson 
Registrar 

John A. Thames 

Dean of Continuing Education 

Kenneth B. Stark, Jr. 
Executive Director of 
Public Relations 



Visitors 



Oglethorpe University welcomes visitors to the campus throughout the year. 
To be sure of seeing a particular staff or faculty member, visitors are urged to make 
an appointment in advance. Administrative offices are open from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 
p.m. on weekdays. In addition, appointments are available on Saturday. 

All of the offices of the University can be reached by calling Atlanta (404) 261- 
1441 (switchboard). The Public Relations Office (404) 364-8446 is available for 
assistance. The Admissions Office can be reached directly by calling (404) 364- 
8307 in the Atlanta calling area or (800) 428-4484 outside of Atlanta. 



Table of Contents 



University Calendar 4 

Tradition, Purpose, and Goals 7 

History 12 

Campus Facilities 16 

Admissions 20 

Continuing Education 29 

Financial Assistance 32 

Tuition and Costs 44 

Community Life 49 

Academic Regulations and Policies 61 

The Core Curriculum ..77 

Honors Program 81 

Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors 85 

DIVISION I Humanities 93 

DIVISION II History, Politics, and 

International Studies 114 

DIVISION III Science and Mathematics 122 

DIVISION IV Behavioral Sciences 138 

DIVISION V Economics and Business 

Administration 147 

DIVISION VI Education - Undergraduate 

and Graduate 161 

Board of Trustees 178 

President's Advisory Council 181 

Alumni Association 183 

The Faculty 184 

Administration 188 

Institutional Affiliations and Memberships ... 192 

Campus Map 196 

Index 198 



University Calendar 



Fall Semester, 1994 



Sat 


August 27 


Sun 


August 28 


Mon 


August 29 


Tue 


August 30 


Wed 


August 31 


Mon 


September 5 


Wed 


September 7 


Mon 


October 10 


Fri 


October 21 


M-F 


November 14-18 


W-S 


November 23-27 


Mon 


November 28 


Mon 


December 12 


Tue 


December 13 


W-F 


December 14-16 


Sat 


December 17 


M-T 


December 19-20 


ing Semester, 1995 


Mon 


January 16 


Tue 


January 17 


Wed 


January 18 


Wed 


January 25 


Fri 


March 10 


Sat 


March 18 


S-S 


March 19-26 


Mon 


March 27 


M-F 


April 10-14 


Tue 


May 2 


Wed 


May 3 


Th-F 


May 4-5 


Sat 


May 6 


M-W 


May 8-10 


Sat 


May 13 



Opening of Residence Halls and Orientation 

Orientation 

Orientation and Testing of New Students; 

Registration of Returning Students 
Registration of New Students 
First Day of Classes 
Labor Day Holiday 
Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 

End of Late Registration 
Columbus Day Holiday 
Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a Course 

with a "W" Grade 
Pre-Registration for Spring Semester, 1995 
Thanksgiving Holidays 
Classes Resume 
Last Day of Classes 
Reading/Preparation Day 
Final Examinations 

Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 
Final Examinations 



Opening of Residence Halls and Orientation 

(Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday) 
Registration 
First Day of Classes 
Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 

End of Late Registration 
Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a Course 

with a "W" Grade 
Beginning of Spring Vacation (5 p.m.) 
Spring Holidays 
Classes Resume 
Pre-Registration for Summer and Fall 

Semesters, 1995 
Last Day of Classes 
Reading/Preparation Day 
Final Examinations 

Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 
Final Examinations 
Commencement 



Fall Semester, 1995 



Sat 


August 26 


Sun 


August 27 


Mon 


August 28 


Tue 


August 29 


Wed 


August 30 


Mon 


September 4 


Wed 


September 6 


Mon 


October 9 


Fri 


October 20 


M-F 


November 13-17 


W-S 


November 22-26 


Mon 


November 27 


Mon 


December 11 


Tue 


December 12 


W-F 


December 13-15 


Sat 


December 16 


M-T 


December 18-19 



Opening of Residence Halls and Orientation 

Orientation 

Orientation and Testing of New Students; 

Registration of Returning Students 
Registration of New Students 
First Day of Classes 
Labor Day Holiday 
Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 

End of Late Registration 
Columbus Day Holiday 
Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a Course 

with a "W" Grade 
Pre-Registration for Spring Semester, 1996 
Thanksgiving Holidays 
Classes Resume 
Last Day of Classes 
Reading/Preparation Day 
Final Examinations 

Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 
Final Examinations 



Spring Semester, 1996 



Mon January 15 



Tue 


January 16 


Wed 


January 17 


Wed 


January 24 


Fri 


March 8 


Sat 


March 16 


S-S 


March 17-24 


Mon 


March 25 


M-F 


April 8-12 


Tue 


April 30 


Wed 


May 1 


Th-F 


May 2-3 


Sat 


May 4 


M-W 


May 6-8 


Sat 


May 11 



Opening of Residence Halls and Orientation 

(Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday) 
Registration 
First Day of Classes 
Last Day to Drop or Add a Course; 

End of Late Registration 
Mid-Term; Last Day to Withdraw from a Course 

with a "W" Grade 
Beginning of Spring Vacation (5:00 p.m.) 
Spring Holidays 
Classes Resume 
Pre-Registration for Summer and Fall 

Semesters, 1996 
Last Day of Classes 
Reading/Preparation Day 
Final Examinations 

Final Examinations for Saturday Classes 
Final Examinations 
Commencement 



Courses also are offered during summer sessions. For dates and course offerings, 
contact the Registrar's Office. 



1994 




JULY 










AUGUST 








SEPTEMBER 




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OCTOBER 










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DECEMBER 






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1995 




JANUARY 










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APRIL 










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JULY 










AUGUST 








SEPTEMBER 




S M 


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F 


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12 3 4 


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OCTOBER 










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DECEMBER 






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31 


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1996 




JANUARY 










FEBRUARY 








MARCH 






S M 

1 


T W T 

2 3 4 


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APRIL 










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JUNE 






S M 

1 


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2 3 4 


F 
5 


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1 2 3 


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29 



Tradition, Purpose 
and Goals 




Tradition, Purpose and Goals 



Oglethorpe derives its institutional purpose from an awareness and apprecia- 
tion of the University's heritage and from an analysis of the needs of contemporary 
society. The goals of the educational program and of other component parts of the 
University are based on this sense of institutional purpose. 



The Oglethorpe Tradition 



Three main ideas or models of what higher education ought to be have 
shaped American colleges and universities. The first is the model of the English 
college, particularly in the form developed at Oxford and Cambridge in the 18th 
and 19th centuries. Most of the older institutions in the United States were 
patterned on the English colleges of that period. Many observers have concluded 
that this is the finest type of collegiate education produced by Western civilization. 

The second idea is that of the German university, especially of the 19th 
century. This model, which has had enormous influence on American universi- 
ties, stresses professional education (as in medicine and law), graduate study 
leading to the Ph.D. degree, and specialized research. The German university idea 
was imported into the United States byjohns Hopkins and other institutions in the 
last century and has left its mark on every college and university in the country. 

The third idea or model is that of the land-grant college, a uniquely American 
institution created by the Morrill Act, passed by Congress in 1862. This model 
emphasizes large-scale technical education and service to agriculture and indus- 
try. It has contributed especially to education in such fields as engineering and 
agriculture and has been the foundation on which many of the state universities 
have been built. 

Oglethorpe University identifies itself with the tradition of the English 
college. Established in 1835 and named after General James Edward Oglethorpe, 
the founder of Georgia, the University was patterned on Corpus Christi College, 
Oxford, General Oglethorpe's alma mater. It would be overstating the matter to say 
that Oglethorpe University has been untouched by the other two conceptions of 
higher education, but it has certainly been shaped principally by the English 
tradition of collegiate education. 

What are the distinctive features of that tradition? Hundreds of books have 
been written on the subject, perhaps the most influential of which is John Henry 
Newman's The Idea of a University, one of the great educational classics. Briefly 
stated, four characteristics have made this kind of college widely admired: 

1 . Colleges in the English tradition emphasize broad education for intelligent 
leadership. They believe that this is a more useful undergraduate education 
for the able young person than technical training for a specific job. 

2. Colleges such as Oglethorpe stress the basic academic competencies — 
reading, writing, speaking, and reasoning — and the fundamental fields 
of knowledge — the arts and sciences. These are essential tools of the 
educated person. 

3. Close relationships between teacher and student are indispensable to this 
type of education. A teacher is much more than a conveyor of information 
— the invention of the printing press made that notion of education 
obsolete. Rather, the most important function of the teacher is to 



stimulate intellectual activity in the student and to promote his or her 
development as a mature person. Factory-like instruction, conducted in 
huge classes, is the very antithesis of the English tradition. 
4. A collegiate education is far more than a collection of academic courses. 
It is a process of development in which campus leadership opportunities, 
residential life, athletics, formal and informal social functions, aesthetic 
experiences, and contact with students from other cultures, in addition 
to classroom exercises, all play important roles. Versatility and ability to 
lead are important goals of this type of undergraduate education. 
Two other aspects of Oglethorpe's tradition were contributed by Philip 
Weltner, President of the University from 1944 to 1953. Oglethorpe, he said, 
should be a "small college which is superlatively good. " Only at a small college with 
carefully selected students and faculty, he believed, could young persons achieve 
their fullest intellectual development through an intense dialogue with extraor- 
dinary teachers. Thus, a commitment to limited size and superior performance 
are important elements of the Oglethorpe tradition. 

Purpose: Education for a Changing Society 

While an institution may take pride in a distinguished heritage, it is also 
essential that its educational program prepare young people to function effec- 
tively in our complex and rapidly changing society. What are the requirements of 
an education intended to inform and enrich lives and careers that will be 
conducted in the remainder of this century and beyond? 

Many commentators on contemporary social conditions and future trends 
agree that the rapidly changing society in which we live places a premium on 
adaptability. Persons in positions of leadership must be able to function effectively 
in changing circumstances. Rigid specialization, with its training in current 
practice, ill prepares the graduate for responsibilities in such a society. The 
broadly educated person, schooled in fundamental principles, is better equipped 
to exercise leadership in a world that is being transformed by high technology and 
new information. 

Oglethorpe emphasizes the preparation of the humane generalist — the kind 
of leader needed by a complex and changing society. Our purpose is to produce 
graduates who are broadly educated in the fundamental fields of knowledge and 
the basic concepts and principles of their disciplines and who are prepared to 
exercise responsible leadership in public and private life. 

The University limits its educational program to the arts and sciences, 
business administration, and teacher education. It defines its primary role as the 
conduct of a program of undergraduate education for men and women of above- 
average ability and traditional college age. In addition, a master's degree in 
teacher education and programs of continuing education for adults are offered 
as services to the local community. 



Goals 

Educational programs at Oglethorpe seek to produce graduates who display 
abilities, skills, intellectual attitudes, and sensitivities which are related to the 
University's purpose. The curriculum is designed to develop the following: 

1. The ability to comprehend English prose at an advanced level. 

2. The ability to convey ideas in writing and in speech — accurately, gram- 
matically, and persuasively. 

3. Skill in reasoning logically about important matters. 

4. An understanding of the values and principles that have shaped Western 
civilization and of the methods employed in historical inquiry. 

5. A knowledge and appreciation of great literature, especially the great 
literature of the English-speaking world. 

6. An appreciation of one or more of the arts and an understanding of 
artistic 

excellence. 

7. An acquaintance with the methods of inquiry of mathematics and science 
and with the results of the efforts of scientists to understand the physical 
and biological phenomena. 

8. An understanding of the most thoughtful reflections on right and wrong 
and an allegiance to principles of right conduct. 

9. A basic understanding of our economic, political, and social systems and 
of the psychological and sociological influences on human behavior. 

In its dedication to a broad, comprehensive liberal education for each 
student, Oglethorpe has created a common set of core courses that invites 
students to be thoughtful, inquisitive, and reflective about the human condition 
and the world surrounding them. These core courses work together with students' 
experiences in advanced courses in their chosen disciplines to encourage the life- 
long "habit of mind" that is extolled in Newman's The Idea of a University. Students 
are thus urged to consider carefully what they see, hear, and read, to examine 
questions from more than one point of view, and to avoid leaping quickly to 
conclusions. 

The central considerations of the Oglethorpe core curriculum are expressed 
in the form of five questions that have no easy answers: 

1 . What are our present ways of understanding ourselves and the universe? 

2. How do these ways of understanding evolve? 

3. How do we deal with conflicts in our ways of understanding? 

4. How do we decide what is of value? 

5. How do we decide how to live our lives? 

The Oglethorpe core curriculum initiates and sustains meaningful discus- 
sion about matters which are and have been fundamental to understanding the 
human condition and dealing thoughtfully with its ambiguities. The courses in the 
core program present a variety of distinct ways of knowing or understanding 
ourselves and our world. 

As students become actively engaged with faculty in asking and attempting to 
answer the central questions raised by the core courses, they will learn to 
appreciate the life of the mind and to be interested in hearing the variety of voices 
that have addressed these questions. In an effort to ensure that students encoun- 



10 



ter such points of view directly, Oglethorpe's core courses are designed to 
stimulate intensive interaction between faculty and students. 

The core curriculum provides only a beginning for the investigation of 
significant questions. What students have at the completion of the Oglethorpe 
core program are not final answers but a multiplicity of ways of knowing and 
experiencing the world. They will, in addition, be prepared to continue this 
inquiry on their own. 

All undergraduate programs also require the student to develop a deeper 
grasp of one or more fields of knowledge organized coherently as a major. The 
student's major may be pursued in a single field, such as biology, economics, or 
English, or it may cut across two or more traditional fields (as an interdisciplinary 
or individually planned major). 

The curriculum and extracurricular life are structured to engender in 
students the following: 

1. The willingness and ability to assume the responsibilities of leadership in 
public and private life, including skill in organizing the efforts of other 
persons on behalf of worthy causes. 

2. An inclination to continue one's learning after graduation from college 
and skill in the use of books and other intellectual tools for that purpose. 

3. A considered commitment to a set of career and life goals. 

4. An awareness of the increasingly international character of contemporary 
life and skill in interacting with persons of diverse cultural backgrounds. 

The graduate program in teacher education seeks to support elementary and 
middle grades education in the University's neighboring community by providing 
members of the teaching profession with the opportunity to enhance their knowl- 
edge and skills in areas of assessed need. The program enables practicing teachers 
and other students to achieve career advancement by earning the initial graduate 
degree in the field of education. Program graduates are expected to have 
developed and demonstrated: 

1. Familiarity with the scholarly literature in their fields of study. 

2. Expertise in appropriate research techniques. 

3. The capacity for sustained study and independent thought. 

The continuing education program enables members of the metropolitan 
community to pursue their educational goals in a variety of programs and courses. 
Baccalaureate courses selected for adult learners from the regular undergraduate 
curriculum are offered in the evening and on weekends. Majors and programs of 
special relevance and interest to those already employed are emphasized to 
enable program graduates to attain advancement in their careers. 

Non-credit courses are also offered in the continuing education program in 
order to provide service to as broad a segment of the community as possible. 
Courses focused on the goals of personal enrichment and professional develop- 
ment are offered during evening hours. Career advancement goals may be 
pursued in the non-credit curriculum through a certificate program in manage- 
ment. 

The success of Oglethorpe alumni and students in their subsequent educa- 
tion, a wide variety of careers, and community life attests to the soundness of this 
approach to education. 



11 



History 




History 



Old Oglethorpe University began in the early 1800s with a movement by 
Georgia Presbyterians to establish in their state an institution for the training of 
ministers. For generations, southern Presbyterian families had sent their sons to 
Princeton College in New Jersey, and the long distance traveled by stage or 
horseback suggested the building of a similar institution in the South. 

Oglethorpe University was chartered by the state of Georgia in 1835, shortly 
after the centennial observance of the state. The college was named after James 
Edward Oglethorpe, the founder of Georgia. Oglethorpe University, which 
commenced actual operations in 1838, was thus one of the earliest denomina- 
tional institutions in the South located below the Virginia line. The antebellum 
college, which began with four faculty members and about 25 students, was 
located at Midway, a small community near Milledgeville, then the capital of 
Georgia. 

Throughout its antebellum existence the Oglethorpe curriculum consisted 
primarily of courses in Greek, Latin, classical literature, theology, and a surprising 
variety of natural science. Oglethorpe's president during much of this period was 
Samuel Kennedy Talmage, an eminent minister and educator. Other notable 
Oglethorpe faculty members were Nathaniel M. Crawford, professor of math- 
ematics and a son of Georgia statesman William H. Crawford; Joseph LeConte, 
destined to earn world fame for his work in geology and optics; and James 
Woodrow, an uncle of Woodrow Wilson and the first professor in Georgia to hold 
the Ph.D. degree. Oglethorpe's most distinguished alumnus from the antebellum 
era was the poet, critic, and musician Sidney Lanier, who graduated in 1860. 
Lanier remained as tutor in 1861 until he, with other Oglethorpe cadets, marched 
away to war. Shortly before his death, Lanier remarked to a friend that his greatest 
intellectual impulse was during his college days at Oglethorpe University. 

Old Oglethorpe in effect "died at Gettysburg." During the Civil War its 
students were soldiers, its endowment was lost in confederate bonds, and its 
buildings were used for barracks and hospitals. The school closed in 1862 and 
afterward conducted classes irregularly at the Midway location. In 1870 the 
institution was briefly relocated in Georgia's postbellum capital of Atlanta, at the 
site of the present City Hall. Oglethorpe at this time produced several educational 
innovations, expanding its curriculum to business and law courses and offering 
the first evening college classes in Georgia. The dislocation of the Reconstruction 
era proved insurmountable, however, and in 1872 Oglethorpe closed its doors for 
a second time. 

Oglethorpe University was rechartered in 1913, and in 1915 the cornerstone 
to the new campus was laid at its present location on Peachtree Road in north 
Atlanta. Present to witness the occasion were members of the classes of 1860 and 
1861, thus linking the old and the new Oglethorpe University. The driving force 
behind the University's revival was Dr. Thornwell Jacobs, whose grandfather, 
Professor Ferdinand Jacobs, had served on the faculty of Old Oglethorpe. 
Thornwell Jacobs, who became the Oglethorpe president for nearly three de- 
cades, intended for the new campus to be a "living memorial" tojames Oglethorpe. 
The distinctive Gothic revival architecture of the campus was inspired by the 
honorary alma mater of James Oglethorpe, Corpus Christi College, Oxford. The 
collegiate coat-of-arms, emblazoned with three boar's heads and the inscription 



13 



Nescit Cedere ("He does not know how to give up"), replicated the Oglethorpe 
family standard. For the college athletic teams, Jacobs chose an unusual mascot - 
a small, persistent seabird which, according to legend, had inspired James 
Oglethorpe while on board ship to Georgia in 1732. The Oglethorpe University 
nickname "Stormy Petrels" is unique in intercollegiate athletics. 

Although Presbyterian congregations throughout the South contributed to 
the revival of Oglethorpe University, the school never re-established a denomina- 
tional affiliation. Since the early 1920s Oglethorpe has been an independent 
nonsectarian co-educational higher educational institution. Its curricular empha- 
sis continued in the liberal arts and sciences and expanded into professional 
programs in business administration and education. From the 1920s through the 
1940s, the institution received major contributions from several individuals. Some 
of the most prominent benefactors were: John Thomas Lupton, Coca-Cola bottler 
from Chattanooga; Atlanta business community members Harry Hermance and 
Mrs. Robert J. Lowry; and publisher William Randolph Hearst. The latter gave to 
Oglethorpe a sizable donation of land. In the early 1930s the Oglethorpe campus 
covered approximately 600 acres, including 30-acre Silver Lake, which was 
renamed Lake Phoebe after the publisher's mother, Phoebe Apperson Hearst. 

During Thornwelljacobs' tenure he launched several projects which brought 
national and even international repute to Oglethorpe University. In 1923 Jacobs 
discovered the tomb of James and Elizabeth Oglethorpe in Cranham, England. 
For about a decade Oglethorpe University was involved in major college athletics, 
and the Stormy Petrels fielded football teams that defeated both Georgia Tech 
and the University of Georgia. Perhaps Oglethorpe's most famous athlete was 
Luke Appling, enshrined in the Baseball Hall of Fame. Dr. Jacobs in the 1930s 
became, however, one of the earliest and most articulate critics of misplaced 
priorities in intercollegiate athletics, and Oglethorpe curtailed development in 
this area. In the early 1930s Oglethorpe attracted widespread attention with its 
campus radio station, WJTL, named after benefactor John Thomas Lupton. 
Oglethorpe's University of the Air was a notable experiment, which lasted about 
five years, that broadcast college credit courses on the air waves. Oglethorpe 
University was one of the first institutions to confer honorary doctorates on 
national figures in order to recognize superior civic and scientific achievement. 
Among Oglethorpe's early honorary alumni were Woodrow Wilson, Walter 
Lippman, Franklin Roosevelt, Bernard Baruch, Amelia Earhart, and David Sarnoff. 

Perhaps the best known of all ofjacobs' innovations was the Oglethorpe Crypt 
of Civilization, which he proposed in the November 1936 issue of Scientific 
American. This prototype for the modern time capsule was an effort to provide, for 
posterity, an encyclopedic inventory of life and customs from ancient times 
through the middle of the 20th century. The Crypt, sealed in the foundation of 
Phoebe Hearst Hall in 1940, is not to be opened until 81 13 A.D. It has been hailed 
by the Guiness Book of World Records as "the first successful attempt to bury a record 
for future inhabitants or visitors to the planet earth." 

In 1944 Oglethorpe University began a new era under Philip Weltner, a noted 
attorney and educator. With a group of faculty associates, Dr. Weltner initiated an 
exciting approach to undergraduate education called the "Oglethorpe Idea." It 
involved one of the earliest efforts to develop a core curriculum, with the twin aims 
to make a life and to make a living. The Oglethorpe core, which was applauded 
by the New York Times, aimed at a common learning experience for students with 



14 



about one-half of every student's academic program consisting of courses in 
"Citizenship" and "Human Understanding." After World War II, Oglethorpe 
University emphasized characteristics it had always cultivated, notably close 
personal relationships, in order to be, in Dr. Weltner's words, "a small college 
superlatively good." Oglethorpe continued toward its goals and in the late 1960s 
began a building expansion program which created a new part of the campus, 
including a modern student center and residential complex. 

By the 1 980s the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching had 
classified Oglethorpe in the category of Liberal Arts I (now referred to as 
Baccalaureate [Liberal Arts] Colleges I). These highly selective undergraduate 
institutions award more than half of their degrees in the arts and sciences. By the 
1990s the University was listed in the Fiske Guide to Colleges, The Princeton Review 
Student Access Guide, Barron 's 300 Best Buys in College Education, National Review 
College Guide — America 's Top Liberal Arts Schools and many other guides to selective 
colleges. 

The student body, while primarily from the South, has become increasingly 
cosmopolitan; in a typical semester, Oglethorpe draws students from about 30 
states and 30 foreign countries. The University has established outreach through 
its non-credit Learn and Live courses; evening-weekend degree programs; teacher 
certification and a graduate program in education; and the Oglethorpe University 
Museum. The University is also home to the Georgia Shakespeare Festival. 

As Oglethorpe University faces the 21st century, it has demonstrated contin- 
ued leadership in the development and revision of its core curriculum, with efforts 
funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. The historic district of 
the 100-acre campus has been designated in the National Register of Historic 
Places. Enrollment is about 1,200 with the plans for controlled growth to about 
1,500. Oglethorpe remains on the forefront of educational innovation, with a 
curriculum that features interactive learning. The University uses a variety of 
effective pedagogical techniques, perhaps most notably a peer tutoring program. 
Reflecting the contemporary growth of the city of Atlanta, Oglethorpe has 
recently developed a distinctive international dimension. Students at the Univer- 
sity may complement their campus programs with foreign studies at sister 
institutions in Argentina, France, the Netherlands, and Japan. As Oglethorpe 
University continues to grow, academically and materially, it is ever mindful of its 
distinguished heritage and will still remain, in the affectionate words of poet and 
alumnus Sidney Lanier, a "college of the heart." 

The Presidents of the University 

Carlyle Pollock Beman, 1836-1840 Donald Wilson, 1956-1957 

Samuel Kennedy Talmage, 1841-1865 Donald Charles Agnew, 1958-1964 

William M. Cunningham, 1869-1870 George Seward, Acting, 1964-1965 

David Wills, 1870-1872 Paul Rensselaer Beall, 1965-1967 

Thornwell Jacobs, 1915-1943 Paul Kenneth Vonk, 1967-1975 

Philip Weltner, 1944-1953 Manning Mason Pattillo, Jr., 1975-1988 

James Whitney Bunting, 1953-1955 Donald Sheldon Stanton, 1988- 



15 



Campus Facilities 




Oglethorpe University's facilities are generally accessible to physically im- 
paired students. All buildings on campus are equipped with either ramps or 
ground- floor entry. With the exception of Lupton Hall, the primary classroom 
and office buildings have elevators to all floors. Appointments with faculty 
members or administrators with inaccessible offices are scheduled in accessible 
areas. Only three classrooms are not accessible. When appropriate, classes are 
reassigned so all classes are available to all students. All residence halls include 
accessible housing space. 

Smoking is prohibited in all campus buildings at Oglethorpe University. This 
includes classrooms, offices, labs, meeting rooms, lounge areas, restrooms, corri- 
dors, stairwells, the Library, the Field House, the Student Center, and any other 
interior spaces in buildings. An exception to the rule is provided for residents in 
the privacy of their residence hall rooms. 

Lowry Hall - Philip Weltner Library 

The Philip Weltner Library is a newly remodeled and expanded facility which 
includes a formal reading room with an atrium, a glass-enclosed quiet reading 
room, and an after-hours reading room. In addition, there are numerous study 
rooms and carrells, as well as an audio-visual room. The Library of Congress 
classification is used in an open-stack arrangement allowing free access to users on 
all three floors. 

The collection of over 100,000 volumes includes books, periodicals, and 
microforms, as well as audio-visual and machine-readable materials. More than 
760 periodical subscriptions provide a diversified range of current information. 

The library has an on-line catalog and a computerized circulation system to 
aid the library patron. The library is a member of the library consortium of the 
University Center of Georgia. 

The library is open seven days a week during the regular academic year. 

Oglethorpe Museum 

The Oglethorpe University Museum, located on the third floor of the Philip 
Weltner Library, opened in the spring of 1993 after extensive renovations. The 
museum, covering 7,000 square feet, has a comfortable environment created by 
the intimate spaces of two galleries. It is considered an important cultural addition 
to Atlanta's growing art scene, drawing thousands of visitors each year. 

In addition to the permanent collection, three exhibitions are held each year, 
which focus on realistic, historical and/or international images of art. 

The museum sponsors a unique International Artist-in-Residence program, 
bringing to campus a well-known artist from another country to work in the Faith 
Hall Art Studios and to hold visiting hours for the students and the public. An 
exhibition of the artist-in-residence's work can be viewed in the Museum. 

For Museum hours and exhibit information, call (404) 364-8555. 



17 



The Emerson Student Center 



The Student Center is named in honor of William A. and Jane S. Emerson, 
benefactors of the University. As the hub of campus life, the Emerson Student 
Center houses a lounge, television area, a student-managed club, a physical fitness 
facility, the student post office, the student association office, the newspaper and 
yearbook offices, the cafeteria, the offices of the Dean of Community Life, the 
Director of the Student Center, the Director of Career Planning and Placement, 
the Director of Housing, and the Director of Musical Activities. An outdoor 
swimming pool is adjacent to the building. 



Lupton Hall 



Lupton Hall, built in 1920 and named in honor ofjohn Thomas Lupton, was 
one of the three original buildings on the present Oglethorpe University campus. 
It was renovated in 1973 and contains administrative offices and an auditorium 
with seating for 300 persons. The University Business Office is located on the lower 
level of Lupton Hall. The Office of the Provost, the Registrar, and the Admissions 
Office are on the first floor. Offices of the President, Executive Vice President, 
Development, Public Relations, Alumni Affairs, and two lecture halls are on the 
second floor. The Office of Financial Aid, faculty offices, and a computer 
laboratory are on the third floor. 

The cast-bell carillon in the Lupton tower has 42 bells which chime the 
quarter hours. 



Phoebe Hearst Hall 



Phoebe Hearst Hall was built in 1915 in the handsome neo-Gothic architec- 
ture that dominates the Oglethorpe campus. The building is named in honor of 
Phoebe Apperson Hearst, the mother of William Randolph Hearst, Sr. 

It was renovated in the fall of 1972 as a classroom and faculty office building. 
Most classes, with the exception of science and mathematics, are held in this 
building which is located directly across from Lupton Hall. The University 
Bookstore is located on the lower level of the building. 

The dominant feature of the building is the beautiful Great Hall, the site of 
many traditional and historic events at Oglethorpe. Located on the ground floor 
of the building is the much-publicized Crypt of Civilization. The capsule was 
sealed on May 28, 1940, and is not to be opened until May 28, 8113. 



Goslin Hall 



Goslin Hall was completed in 1971 and houses the Division of Science and 
Mathematics. Lecture halls and laboratories for biology, chemistry, and physics 
are located in the building. Goslin Hall was named in honor of Dr. Roy N. Goslin, 
the late Professor Emeritus of Physics, for his many years of dedicated work for the 
college and the nation. A new physics laboratory, made possible by a grant from 
the Olin Foundation, was opened in 1979. All laboratories were renovated in 1985. 
In 1993, a grant from AT&T provided a networked computer laboratory for 
science and mathematics instruction. 



18 



Traer Hall 

Built in 1969, Traer Hall is a three-story women's residence which houses 168 
students. Construction of the building was made possible through the generosity 
of the late Wayne S. Traer, Oglethorpe University alumnus of the class of 1928. 
The double occupancy rooms, arranged in suites, open onto a central plaza 
courtyard. 

Goodman Hall 

Goodman Hall was built in 1956 and renovated in 1970, when it was trans- 
formed from a men's into a women's residence hall. One wing of the building 
currently serves as a residence hall for women. The second wing contains the 
University's Academic Resource Center, classrooms, and a computer training 
center for Continuing Education. 

Upper Residence Hall Complex 

Five residence halls are situated around the upper quadrangle. Constructed 
in 1968, these buildings house both men and women. All rooms on the first and 
second floors are suites with private entrances and baths. 

Faith Hall 

The Student Health Center and the Counseling Office are located on the 
upper level of Faith Hall, together with art studios and lecture rooms. The lower 
level of Faith Hall houses the maintenance facility. 



R. E. Dorough Field House 



The Dorough Field House is the site of intercollegiate basketball and 
volleyball, intramural and recreational sports, and large campus gatherings such 
as concerts and commencement exercises. Built in 1960, this structure underwent 
major renovation in 1979. The building is named for the late R. E. Dorough, a 
former Trustee of the University. An extension housing a basketball/volleyball 
court, office space, a running track, a weight room, two handball courts, and two 
locker rooms is scheduled for completion in the fall of 1994. 



Athletic Facilities 



Intercollegiate soccer is played on the Oglethorpe soccer field which is 
located behind the upper residence hall complex. Intercollegiate baseball is 
played on Anderson Field between Hermance Stadium and Dorough Field House. 
Six tennis courts are adjacent to the field house and below them is a six-lane, all- 
weather LayKold track. There is an outdoor volleyball court (sand) behind the 
upper residence hall complex. A student-sponsored physical fitness center is 
located in the Emerson Student Center. 



19 



Admissions 




The admissions policy of Oglethorpe University is based on an individual 
selection process. Throughout its history, Oglethorpe has welcomed students 
from all sections of the country, as well as from abroad, as candidates for degrees. 
It is the policy of the Admissions Committee to select for admission to the 
University applicants who present strong evidence of purpose, maturity, scholastic 
ability, and probable success at Oglethorpe. Applicants wishing to enroll in the 
evening credit program should consult the section on Continuing Education in 
this Bulletin. 



Freshman Applicants 



Admission to the undergraduate division of the University may be gained by 
presenting evidence of successful completion of secondary school work and by 
providing the results of the College Entrance Examination Board's Scholastic 
Aptitude Test (SAT) or the results of the American College Testing Program 
Assessment (ACT). 

Arrangements to take the SAT or ACT may be made through a secondary 
school guidance counselor or by writing directly to one of the testing agencies. For 
SAT write to the College Board, Box 592, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, or Box 
1025, Berkeley, California 90701. For ACT write to American College Testing 
Program, P.O. Box 451, Iowa City, Iowa 52240. It is to the applicant's advantage 
to take one of the tests late in the junior year or early in the senior year of high 
school. 

Applicants should normally have or be in the process of completing a 
secondary school program including appropriate courses in English, social 
studies, and mathematics, and/or science. While an admissions decision may be 
based on a partial secondary school transcript, a final transcript must be sent to 
the Admissions Office by the candidate's school, showing evidence of academic 
work completed and official graduation. 

The Oglethorpe application contains a reference form and a list of other 
materials which must be submitted by the applicant. No application will be 
considered and acted upon until the items indicated have been received. 

Students may choose from early decision and regular decision admissions. 



Application Procedure 



All correspondence concerning admission should be addressed to the Admis- 
sions Office, Oglethorpe University, 4484 Peachtree Road N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 
30319-2797. After receiving the application form, the applicant should complete 
and return it with an application fee of $25. 

Entering freshmen must also submit the following: letter of reference from 
a high school counselor or teacher; official transcript of high school work; and 
SAT or ACT scores. Transfer students must submit the completed application 
form with the $25 application fee, plus the following: letter of good standing from 
the registrar or dean of the college previously attended, official transcript of each 
college attended, and a high school transcript and test scores if less than one full 
year of college work has been completed. 

When a student has completed the application process, the Director of 
Admissions and the Admissions Committee will review the application. If accepted, 



21 



the student will be required to submit an enrollment deposit to reserve 
accommodations for the appropriate session. Residence hall students submit a 
deposit of $200, commuters $100. While the deposit is not refundable, it is 
applicable toward tuition and fees. 



Early Decision 



This program allows students for whom Oglethorpe is their first choice to be 
considered on a priority basis. Completed applications with supporting materials 
are due on or before December 1. Candidates will be required to certify that they 
are not applying to any other colleges under an Early Decision plan. Notification 
of admission by Oglethorpe will be made on or about December 10. Early Decision 
candidates applying for scholarship or financial aid assistance must file the 
appropriate forms by January 14. 

Accepted students will be required to submit their deposits by February 1 and 
to certify that they have withdrawn applications from other schools. Early Decision 
students who do not submit their deposits as required will have offers of admission 
and financial assistance rescinded. 



Regular Decision 



Candidates for Regular Decision may submit their applications at any time, 
although the University will accept applicants after March 1 only on a "space- 
available" basis. To be considered, freshman applicants should submit a completed 
application form, high school transcripts, standardized test scores, and 
recommendation (s). Achievement tests, essays, portfolios, or videos are not 
required for admission purposes but will be considered if submitted. Interviews 
and campus visits are strongly recommended. 

If, upon review of an applicant's file, it is felt that further information would 
be helpful (i.e. mid-year grades) , the student will be notified. Decisions will be 
mailed on or about February 1, and afterwards on a rolling basis. 



Campus Visit 



While not a requirement of the admissions process, the candidate is urged to 
visit the campus and explore the academic and leadership opportunities that 
encompass the Oglethorpe tradition of a collegiate education. 

Additional information may be obtained by contacting the Admissions 
Office, (404) 364-8307 in the Atlanta calling area or (800) 428-4484 from other 
locations. 

Transfer Students and Transfer Policies 

Students who wish to transfer to Oglethorpe from other regionally accredited 
colleges are welcome, provided they are in good standing at the last institution 
attended. They are expected to follow regular admissions procedures and will be 
notified of the decision of the Admissions Committee in the regular way. 

The same transfer policies and regulations apply to both day and evening 
students. 



22 



Most financial aid awards and scholarships are available to transfer students 
as well as first-time freshmen. 

The same information is required of the transfer student as for the entering 
freshman, although high school records, test scores, and reference forms are not 
required of students having more than one full year of transferable credit. 

Transfer students must submit transcripts of all current and previous college 
work. A separate official transcript from each college attended must be received 
before any action will be taken on the application. 

Oglethorpe University will accept as transfer credit courses comparable to 
University courses which are applicable to a degree program offered at Oglethorpe. 
Acceptable work must be shown on an official transcript and must be completed 
with a grade of "C" or better. Oglethorpe does not accept a "D" grade as transfer 
credit, unless a student has graduated from an accredited junior college, or a "D" 
grade is followed by a "C" grade or better in a normal sequence course (e.g., 
General Biology I and II). 

Transfer students on probation or exclusion from another institution will not 
be accepted. 

Transfer students must have a grade-point average of 2.5 (on a 4.0 scale) to 
be eligible for admission. 

Transfer students who have earned an associate degree at a regionally 
accredited junior college will be awarded two years of credit. Junior college 
graduates with strong academic records are encouraged to apply for admission. 

Oglethorpe University will accept as many as 30 hours of United States Armed 
Forces Institute (USAFI) credit. 

Students who hold the R.N. credential from an appropriately accredited 
institution are awarded credit for their arts and sciences courses. To earn a 
bachelor's degree, the student must complete the core curriculum, a major, and 
other applicable requirements. 

The maximum total number of semester hours that may be transferred into 
Oglethorpe is 75. A minimum of 45 semester hours must be earned through 
course work at Oglethorpe in order for an Oglethorpe degree to be awarded, with 
30 of the last 60 hours earned in residence (see Residency Requirement). 

Credits earned at post-secondary institutions accredited by the six regional 
accrediting bodies (e.g., Southern, Middle States, New England, etc., Associa- 
tions) will be accepted in day and evening programs. 

Courses taken at schools accredited by national crediting bodies (e.g., 
Association of Independent Schools and Colleges, American Association of Bible 
Colleges, etc.) may be credited. In these cases, division chairs in whose areas the 
courses relate will receive from the Dean of Continuing Education the student's 
transcript, an actual catalog course description provided by the student, and a 
syllabus for the course provided by the student. Division chairs will determine 
whether or not courses are to receive transfer credit. 

Courses recognized by the American Council on Education (ACE) may be 
credited by the Dean of Continuing Education and the Registrar. Programs not 
recognized by ACE will not be given credit. 

A maximum of 30 semester hours may be earned through College Level 
Examination Program (CLEP tests). Maximum credit for Advanced Placement 
tests (AP testing) is also 30 semester hours. Please consult the section, Credit by 
Examination, on the following pages. 



23 



In all cases, only 75 semester hours may be earned outside of Oglethorpe 
University through any of the means described above. At least 45 semester hours 
must be earned in course work for which Oglethorpe credits are granted. 

A minimum of 15 semester hours of a major must be in course work taken at 
Oglethorpe University (for teacher education majors, please refer to Division VI 
requirements in this Bulletin) . A minimum of nine semester hours of a minor must 
be in course work taken at Oglethorpe. For education majors, these requirements 
must be fulfilled before student teaching. 

International Students 

Admission to Oglethorpe is open to qualified students from all countries. 
Students who are able to provide evidence of suitable academic background, 
adequate financial resources, and seriousness of purpose are eligible to apply. 

All students from countries where English is not the native language must 
meet one of the following requirements to be considered for admission: 

1. Complete level 109 from an ELS, Inc. language center. 

2. Score a minimum of 550 on the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign 
Language). 

3. Score 400 or more on the verbal section of the International Scholastic 
Aptitude Test. 

4. Have a combined 2.5 grade-point average with no grade below a "C" in two 
English composition courses from an AACRAO (American Association of 
Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers) accredited college or 
university. 

International students must take an English composition placement test 
prior to beginning the first semester of classes. They will be placed in an 
appropriate English composition course. The normal sequence of composition 
courses for students from non-English-speaking countries is: English as a Second 
Language I and II followed by Analytical Writing. 

An international student's secondary school credentials are subject to the 
acceptance criteria stated for his or her country in the AACRAO world education 
series, governed by the National Council on the Evaluation of Foreign Educa- 
tional Credentials, 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20036. 

All students from nations where English is the native language must have one 
of the following to be considered for admission: 

1. A combined SAT score of 900, with at least 400 on the verbal section. 

2. An ACT score of at least 21. 

3. Above-average scores on the "A" level examinations in British system 
schools or their equivalent in Northern Ireland or Scotland. 



Joint Enrollment Students 



Students who have attained junior or higher standing in their secondary 
schools may apply for enrollment in suitable courses offered at the University. 

Admission to the joint enrollment program will depend upon a joint assess- 
ment by appropriate personnel of the student's secondary school and by Oglethorpe 
admissions personnel. 



24 



In general, the candidate must have the social maturity to benefit from a 
collegiate experience and possess a "B" or higher grade-point average along with 
a combined score of 1050 or higher on the Scholastic Aptitude Test or its 
equivalent. A student seeking admission should write or call the Joint Enrollment 
Counselor in the Admissions Office at Oglethorpe to receive an application. No 
more than four courses may be taken as a joint enrollment student. 

Early Admission (Early Entrance) 

A gifted student of unusual maturity whose high school record shows excel- 
lent academic performance through the junior year in a college preparatory 
program, and whose score on a standardized aptitude test is high, may submit his 
or her application for admission to the University for enrollment after the junior 
year in high school. The candidate should have the support of his or her parents 
in writing submitted with the application. A strong recommendation from the 
high school is expected, and the candidate must come to campus for a personal 
interview with a senior admissions officer. 

Transient Students 

Transient students may take any course offered by the University, provided 
that they secure permission from their current institution certifying that the 
institution will accept for transfer credit the academic work done by the student 
at Oglethorpe. This permission is the responsiblity of the transient student. 

A letter of good standing or a current transcript must be sent to the 
Admissions Office before a transient student can be accepted. 

Post-baccalaureate Students 

Post-baccalaureate students must submit a post-baccalaureate/transient ap- 
plication and acceptable letters of reference; former Oglethorpe students may 
return to the University with the permission of the Director of Admissions. Upon 
completion of 15 semester hours at Oglethorpe, a post-baccalaureate student who 
wishes to work toward a degree must change to degree-seeking status and be 
reviewed for admission by the Director of Admissions. 



Credit by Examination 



There are three testing programs through which students may earn credit for 
required or elective courses. Any student who has questions about these examina- 
tions should consult the Registrar. No more than 30 semester hours of credit will 
be accepted from each of the programs described below. 

College Level Examination Program - CLEP 

Within the CLEP testing program are two categories. The General Examina- 
tions cover the areas of English Composition, Humanities, Mathematics, Natural 
Science, and Social Science and History. Oglethorpe University does not award 
credit for the General Examinations in English Composition, Natural Science, 
Mathematics, or Social Science and History. Minimum acceptable scores are 500 



25 



for each general area and 50 in each sub-total category. The Subject Examinations 
are designed to measure knowledge in a particular course. A minimum acceptable 
score of 50 on a Subject Examination is required for credit. The Oglethorpe 
Registrar should be contacted concerning which Subject Examinations may lead 
to credit at Oglethorpe. 

CLEP examinations normally are taken before the student matriculates at 
Oglethorpe. Only under special circumstances will credit be awarded for an 
examination taken after the student completes his or her first semester at 
Oglethorpe University. A maximum of three semester hours will be awarded for 
each examination. A maximum of 30 semester hours may be earned with accept- 
able CLEP scores. 

All students are required to take placement examinations in mathematics and 
foreign languages (if they plan to take a course in these areas or subjects) and are 
placed accordingly. 

Advanced Placement Program 

The University encourages students who have completed Advanced Place- 
ment examinations of the College Entrance Examination Board to submit their 
scores prior to enrollment for evaluation for college credit. The general policy of 
Oglethorpe toward such scores is the following: Academic credit will be given in 
the appropriate area to students presenting Advanced Placement grades of 3, 4, 
or 5; neither credit nor exemption will be given for a grade of 2; maximum credit 
allowed to any student for Advanced Placement tests will be 30 semester hours. 
Specific policies are indicated in the chart which follows. 

All students are required to take placement examinations in mathematics and 
foreign languages (if they plan to take a course in these areas or subjects) and are 
placed accordingly. 



ADVANCED PLACEMENT CREDIT CHART 

(Accepted Examination Grades: 3, 4, 5) 



AP Exam 


Semester 

Hours 
Awarded 


Course Equivalents 


Special Conditions 


Art 

Studio 
History 


3 
3 


1182 Drawing 

C181 Art and Culture 




Biology 


3 


C352 Natural Science: The 
Biological Sciences 




Chemistry 


3 


C351 Natural Science: The 
Physical Sciences 





Computer Science 

Grade 4 or 5 6 

Grade 3 3 



2541, 2542 Introduction to & 
Principles of Computer Science 

2541 Introduction to 
Computer Science 



Economics 

Microeconomics 3 
Macroeconomics 3 



1521 Introduction to Economics 
Elective Credit 



26 



English 

Language & 
Composition 
Grade 4 or 5 



Language & 
Composition 
Grade 3 



Literature & 
Composition 
Grade 4 or 5 



Literature & 
Composition 
Grade 3 



Physics 

Physics B 
Physics C 



Elective credit 



Elective Credit 



A score of 4 or 5 is equivalent 
to 3 semester hours credit for 
1123 Independent Study in 
Literature and Composition. 

For a score of 3 the Advanced 
Placement essay must be sub- 
mitted to the English faculty 
for evaluation. 

A score of 4 or 5 is equivalent 
to 3 semester hours credit for 
1 123 Independent Study in 
Literature and Composition. 

For a score of 3, the Advanced 
Placement essay must be sub- 
mitted to the English faculty 
for evaluation. 



French 

Language 
Literature 


8 
6 


1173, 1174 Elementary French I & II 
General credit in French 




German 

Language 
Literature 


8 
6 


1 1 75, 1 1 76 Elementary German I & II 
General credit in German 




Government 


3 


1222 Introduction to Politics 




History 

American 
European 


6 
3 


2216, 2217 American History to 1865 & Since 
C212 The West and the Modern World 


1865 


Latin 


8 


General credit in Latin 




Mathematics 

Calculus AB 
Calculus BC 


3 
6 


1335 Calculus I 

1335, 1336 Calculus I & II 




Music 

Theory 
Appreciation 


3 
3 


2131 Music Theory I 
C131 Music and Culture 





8 1341, 1342 General Physics I & II 

10 234 1 , 2342 College Physics I & II 

3 C351 Natural Science: The 

Physical Sciences 



Psychology 



C462 Psychological Inquiry 



Spanish 

Language 
Literature 



1171, 11 72 Elementary Spanish I & II 
General credit in Spanish 



International Baccalaureate Program 

Students who have studied in an approved International Baccalaureate 
Program (IB) are encouraged to apply for credit based on scores earned. Contact 
the Admissions Office for evaluation. 



27 



ROTC - Reserve Officers Training Corps 

Oglethorpe University has made arangements through Cross Registration for 
students to participate in the Air Force ROTC program at the Georgia Institute of 
Technology and the Army ROTC program at Georgia State University. Twelve 
hours of ROTC may be used as elective credit toward a degree at Oglethorpe. Each 
ROTC branch offers scholarship programs of two, three, and four years. Addi- 
tional information may be obtained from the Registrar at Oglethorpe and the 
departments of military science at the institutions hosting these programs. 



28 



Continuing 
Education 




Oglethorpe University's Division of Continuing Education offers a variety of 
educational opportunities to adults in the metropolitan Atlanta area. Included 
are credit courses in the liberal arts and business, non-credit courses, and 
educational experiences designed to meet the specific needs of employers, 
organizations, and members of vocational groups. 

All correspondence concerning admission to the Continuing Education 
Program should be addressed to the Office of Continuing Education, Oglethorpe 
University, 4484 Peachtree Road N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797. The tele- 
phone number for the Continuing Education Office is (404) 364-8383. 



Degree Program 



An evening-weekend credit program serves two groups: those who wish to 
take a limited number of courses for special purposes and those who desire to earn 
baccalaureate degrees. Degree programs are offered in accounting, business 
administration, business administration and computer science, business adminis- 
tration and behavioral science, and the individually planned major. Classes meet 
two nights a week (Monday and Wednesday or Tuesday and Thursday) or on 
Saturday mornings. The academic year is divided into three full sessions — fall, 
spring, and summer — and an abbreviated session in May. To qualify for the 
special tuition rates offered to continuing education students, a student must take 
all courses in the evening or on Saturdays. 

Admission as a Regular Degree Student 

In order to be admitted as a regular degree student in the Continuing 
Education Progam, a student must: 

1. Be at least 21 years of age. 

2. Have graduated from high school or have passed the General Education 
Development test. 

3. Obtain transcripts from all colleges attended and have at least a 2.3 
cumulative grade-point average on all college work attempted in the last 
two years. 

4. Demonstrate English language proficiency if he or she is an international 
student. 

Admission as a Transfer Student 

Please refer to Transfer Students and Transfer Policies in the Admissions 
section of this Bulletin. 

Admission as a Transient Student 

Please refer to Transient Students in the Admissions section of this Bulletin. 

Admission as a Special Student 

Students who wish to take a limited number of courses for a special purpose 
or who would like to try college before committing to a degree program, may apply 
as a special student. A special student may take up to five courses without having 

30 



to obtain transcripts from high school or other colleges previously attended. All 
courses taken as a special student can be transferred to another college or be 
applied to an Oglethorpe degree program. 

In order to be admitted as a special student in the Continuing Education 
Program, a student must: 

1. Be at least 21 years of age. 

2. Have graduated from high school or have passed the General Education 
Development test. 

3. Be eligible to return to any college or university which he or she has 
attended in the last two years. 

4. Demonstrate English language proficiency if he or she is an international 
student. 



Credit by Examination 



Please refer to Credit by Examination in the Admissions section of this 
Bulletin. 



Non-Degree Program 



The Division of Continuing Education serves as the University's community 
service arm, providing non-credit courses for adults. The three non-credit pro- 
grams are the Learn and Eive courses for personal enrichment, computer courses 
and the Certificate in Management Development program offered in cooperation 
with the American Management Association Extension Institution. Classes meet 
o'n weekday evenings and Saturdays in fall and spring semesters and summer 
sessions. 

Human Resources Development 

Training needs of business, industry, government, and vocational groups in 
the north Atlanta area are met through individually-designed seminars, work- 
shops, and conferences. Emphasis is placed on training for managers, with a 
Certificate in Management awarded to individuals who complete the prescribed 
course of study. 

Additional information is available from the Dean of Continuing Education. 



31 



Financial 
Assistance 




Programs 

Oglethorpe University offers a variety of strategies and resources to lower the 
cost of an Oglethorpe education. Both need-based aid and awards based on 
academic achievement are available. All families are urged to complete an 
approved needs- analysis form regardless of their income levels. The University's 
financial aid professionals will then have the information necessary to discuss all 
options available to parents and students. The Free Application for Federal 
Student Aid (FAFSA) is the approved needs-analysis form by which students may 
apply for all need-based programs (Federal Perkins Loans, Federal Supplemental 
Educational Opportunity Grants, Federal Work-Study) and at the same time apply 
for the Federal Pell Grant, the Federal Stafford Loan, the Oglethorpe Need-based 
Grant, as well as the Georgia Incentive Grant, if a resident of Georgia. After filing 
the FAFSA, the student will receive from the processor a Student Aid Report for 
the Federal Pell Grant Program. When the Student Aid Report is received, it 
should be forwarded to the Office of Financial Aid. 

A financial aid package may include assistance from any one or more of the 
following sources: 

James Edward Oglethorpe Scholarships provide tuition, room and board for 
four years of undergraduate study, if scholarship criteria continue to be met. 
Recipients are selected on the basis of an academic competition held on campus 
in the spring of each year. Students must be nominated by their secondary schools, 
must have a combined SAT score of at least 1250 (ACT 29), a 3.6 or higher 
cumulative academic grade-point average, and a superior record of leadership in 
extracurricular activities either in school or in the community. Applications must 
be received by mid-December. 

Oglethorpe Scholars Awards (OSA) Scholarships (including Presidential 
Scholarships, Oxford Scholarships, University Scholarships, Alumni Scholar- 
ships, Lanier Scholarships, and Yamacraw Scholarships) based on achievement 
are available to students with superior academic ability. A fundamental aim of 
Oglethorpe University is to prepare students for leadership roles in society. One 
way of promoting this purpose is to give special recognition to students who 
demonstrate superior academic abilities as undergraduates. Scholarships range 
from $2,000 to $9,000. 

Recipients of funds from this program are expected to maintain specified 
levels of academic achievement and make a significant contribution to the 
Oglethorpe community. Each award is for one year but can be renewed on the 
basis of an annual evaluation of academic and other performance factors by the 
Director of Financial Aid. 

Oglethorpe Christian Scholarships are awarded to freshmen who are resi- 
dents of Georgia and who demonstrate active participation in their churches. 
Academic qualifications for consideration include SAT scores of 1100 or higher 
and a senior class rank in the upper 25 percent. Awards range up to $1,500 per 
academic year. Recipients are required to maintain a 3.0 cumulative grade-point 
average and engage in a service project during the academic year. 

Federal Work-Study Program (FWSP) permits a student to earn part of his or 
her educational expenses. The earnings from this program and other financial aid 
cannot exceed the student's financial need. Students eligible for this program 
work part time on the Oglethorpe campus. 

33 



Georgia Tuition Equalization Grant (GTEG) is available for Georgia resi- 
dents who attend full time and seek their degrees at Oglethorpe. The program was 
established by an act of the 1971 Georgia General Assembly. The Georgia Higher 
Education Assistance Authority defines the program in this way: "The purpose of 
the Act is to provide tuition assistance to Georgia resident students who are 
desirous of pursuing their higher education goals in a private Georgia college or 
university but find the financial cost prohibitive due primarily to high tuition of 
these educational institutions in comparison to public schools which are branches 
of the University System of Georgia. " All students must complete a yearly applica- 
tion and verify their eligibility for the grant. In the 1993-94 school year, this grant 
was $1000 per academic year. Financial need is not a factor in determining 
eligibility. A separate application is required. 

HOPE Grants are available for full-time freshman and sophomore students 
who are legal residents of Georgia. The Georgia General Assembly enacted the 
Helping Outstanding Pupils Educationally (HOPE) in order to assist students 
attending Georgia institutions of higher learning. Students must complete a 
Georgia Student Grant application for consideration. 

Student Incentive Grant (SIG), as defined by the Georgia Student Finance 
Authority, is a "program created by an act of the 1974 Georgia General Assembly, 
in order to establish a program of need-based scholarships for qualified Georgia 
residents to enable them to attend eligible post-secondary institutions of their 
choice within the state." The scholarship awards are designed to provide only a 
portion of the student's resources in financing the total cost of a college educa- 
tion. Application requires the student to complete an approved needs-analysis 
form and to send the information to Oglethorpe and the Georgia Student Finance 
Authority. 

Federal Pell Grant is a federal aid program intended to be the floor in 
financial assistance. Eligibility is based upon a family's financial resources and a 
rationing formula published by the government. This aid is administered in the 
form of non-repayable grants. 

Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (FSEOG ) are awarded 
to undergraduate students with exceptional financial need. Priority is given to 
Federal Pell Grant recipients and does not require repayment. 

Oglethorpe Need-based Grants are available to full-time day undergraduate 
students who demonstrate financial need by completing the FAFSA. Oglethorpe 
Need-based Grants in conjunction with federal, state, or scholarship assistance 
cannot exceed the student's financial need. 

Federal Perkins Loans are long-term, low-cost educational loans to students 
who have demonstrated need for such assistance. For undergraduate students 
priority is given to Federal Pell Grant recipients. Interest is charged at a five 
percent annual rate beginning nine months after the borrower ceases to be at least 
a half-time student (a minimum course load of six semester hours). Information 
regarding repayment terms, deferment and cancellation options are available in 
the Office of Financial Aid. 

Federal Stafford (Subsidized and Unsubsidized) Loans are long-term loans 
available through banks, credit unions, and other lending institutions. Students 
must submit the FAFSA and be attending as at least a half-time student to receive 
consideration. A separate loan application is also required. Information regard- 
ing repayment terms, deferment and cancellation options are available in the 
Office of Financial Aid. 

34 



Federal PLUS Loans are relatively long-term loans available through banks, 
credit unions, and other lending institutions. Parents desiring to seek a loan from 
this program should consult with the Office of Financial Aid for additional 
information. 

Ty Cobb Educational Foundation Scholarship Program. Students who are 
residents of Georgia and who have completed at least one year of "B" quality or 
higher work in an accredited college are eligible to apply for Ty Cobb Scholar- 
ships. Applications from undergraduate students who are married will not be 
considered. 

Special Note: Dual-degree students in art and engineering may not use 
Oglethorpe assistance to attend other institutions. 

Additional information may be secured from the Office of Financial Aid. 

Academic Policies Governing Student Financial Aid 

Applicants for federal aid, state grants, or institutional need-based programs 
must be making satisfactory progress toward the completion of their degree 
requirements and be in good academic standing with the University in order to 
receive financial aid consideration. Students must meet at least the following 
requirements: 

1 . Satisfactory Completion Ratio — Students must satisfactorily complete at least 
80 percent of the cumulative course work attempted at Oglethorpe University. 
Unsatisfactory grades which count against the student's progress are: 

D - If a "C" or better is required for the major 

F - Failure 

FA - Failure by Absence 

W - Withdrew 

WF - Withdrew Failing 

I - Incomplete 

U - Unsatisfactory 

AU - Audit 

2. Repeated Courses — Courses that are being repeated will not be considered 
when determining financial aid eligibility unless a grade of at least a "C" 
is required to fulfill the degree requirements. The student must notify the 
Office of Financial Aid if a course is being repeated. 

3. Good Academic Standing and Maximum Time Frames — Students must 
remain in good academic standing by achieving the minimum cumulative 
grade-point average and by completing their degree requirements within 
the maximum time frames listed below: 

Number of Hours Minimum Cumulative Maximum Years to 



Earned 


Grade-Point Average 


Complete Program * 


0-24 


1.50 




1 


25-35 


1.50 




2 


36-48 


1.75 




2 


49-65 


1.75 




3 


66-72 


2.00 




3 


73-96 


2.00 




4 


97-120 


2.00 




5 


121-144 


2.00 




5 



* Based upon full-time enrollment. The maximum time frame for students 
enrolled part time will be pro-rated. 



35 



Students who earn over 144 hours will not be eligible for financial aid 
unless approved through the appeal process. 

Academic Standing Consistent with Graduation Requirements — Students 
who have earned over 65 semester hours must maintain at least a 2.0 
cumulative grade-point average in order to be academically consistent 
with Oglethorpe University's graduation requirements. 
Annual Review — The satisfactory progress requirements will be reviewed 
at the completion of each spring semester. If the student is not meeting 
these requirements, written notification will be sent to the student 
placing them on "Financial Aid Probation" for the fall semester. The 
student may continue to receive aid during this probationary period but 
will be encouraged to enroll in summer session courses at Oglethorpe 
University in order to make up the deficiency. 

Any student who is not in compliance with the requirements by the end 
of the fall probationary period will not be eligible for financial aid for the 
spring or subsequent sessions until the requirements are met or a written 
appeal is submitted and approved. 

Appeal Process — If significant mitigating circumstances have hindered a 
student's academic performance and the student is unable to make up the 
deficiencies by the end of the financial aid probationary period, the 
student may present those circumstances in a written appeal to the 
Admissions and Financial Aid Committee. Documentation to support the 
appeal, such as medical statements, should also be presented. The appeal 
should be submitted to the Office of Financial Aid by the first of the 
month in order to receive consideration at the month's committee 
meeting. The student will be notified in writing if the appeal has been 
approved or denied. 



Application Procedure 



Students applying for the Georgia Tuition Equalization Grant and HOPE 
Grant programs must submit a Georgia Student Grant Application which may be 
obtained from a high school counselor or the Office of Financial Aid. 

Students applying for an Oglethorpe Scholars Award (OSA) or an Oglethorpe 
Christian Scholarship must complete the appropriate scholarship application 
which may be obtained from the Admissions Office or the Office of Financial Aid. 

The application procedures for the Federal Pell Grant, Federal Supplemental 
Educational Opportunity Grant, Federal Perkins Loan, Oglethorpe Need-based 
Grant, Federal Stafford Loan, Federal Work-Study Program, and Student Incen- 
tive Grant are as follows: 

1. Apply and be admitted as a regular degree-seeking student. 

2. Complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) after 
January 1, but no later than May 1. Families should make a copy of the 
FAFSA before mailing it to the federal processor and submit the copy to 
Oglethorpe's Office of Financial Aid for an early estimate of financial aid 
eligibility. 

3. Once the FAFSA has been received by the federal processor, a Student Aid 
Report will be mailed to the student. Sign and submit all pages of the 
Student Aid Report to the Office of Financial Aid. 



36 



4. Keep copies of all federal income tax returns, etc. as these documents may 
be required in order to verify the information provided on the FAFSA. 

5. Complete Oglethorpe's Financial Aid Application which is available from 
the Office of Financial Aid. 

6. Transfer students must submit a Financial Aid Transcript from each 
college, university, vocational-technical school, etc. attended, regardless 
of whether or not financial aid was received from that school. 

7. Students who wish to be considered for the Federal Work-Study Program 
must complete the Student Employment Application form in the Office 
of Financial Aid. 

8. If eligible for a Federal Stafford Loan or Federal PLUS Loan, a separate 
application must be completed. Contact the Office of Financial Aid for 
more information. 

Federal Aid Eligibility Requirements 

1. Demonstrate financial need (exception: Federal Unsubsidized Stafford 
Loan and Federal PLUS Loan programs) . 

2. Have a high school diploma or a General Education Development (GED) 
certificate or pass an independently administered test approved by the 
U.S. Department of Education. 

3. Be enrolled as a regular degree-seeking student in an eligible program 
(exception: Teacher Certification students). 

4. Be a U.S. citizen or eligible noncitizen. 

5. Generally, have a social security number. 

6. Register with Selective Service, if required. 

7. Must not owe a refund on any grant or loan; not be in default on any loan; 
and not have borrowed in excess of the loan limits, under Title rV 
programs, at any institution. 

8. Make satisfactory academic progress. Refer to the Academic Policies 
Governing Student Financial Aid above. 

9. May not be a member of a religious community, society, or order who by 
direction of his or her community, society or order is pursuing a course 
of study at Oglethorpe, and who receives support and maintenance from 
his or her community, society, or order. 



Payment of Awards 



All awards, except Federal Work-Study earnings, Federal Stafford Loans, and 
Federal PLUS Loans, are disbursed to students by means of a direct credit to their 
account. Each semester transfer is dependent upon final approval of the Director 
of Financial Aid. Only when a student's file is complete can aid be transferred to 
the account. 



Renewal of Awards 



Renewal applications for all programs are available from the Office of 
Financial Aid. Students must meet the eligibility requirements indicated above 



37 



and file the appropriate applications for each program. Deadline for receipt of a 
completed financial aid file is May 1. Applicants whose files become complete 
after this time will be considered based upon availability of funds. 

For renewal of the Oglethorpe Scholars Award, at the end of the fall semester, 
freshmen must have at least a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average; sophomores, a 
2.3 average; and juniors, a 2.6 average. A cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 or 
higher is required for renewal of a tuition-only scholarship. A 3.2 or higher 
average is required for renewal of a scholarship which covers tuition, room, and 
board. 

Students who fail to meet the cumulative grade-point average requirement 
may attend Oglethorpe's summer school program in order to make up deficien- 
cies. Courses taken elsewhere will not affect the cumulative grade-point average 
at Oglethorpe. 

Students who fail to meet the published criteria for reasons beyond their 
control may submit a written appeal to the Admissions and Financial Aid Commit- 
tee. If the student does not submit an appeal or if it is denied, the student in good 
academic standing will be eligible for a grant which will equal 75 percent of his or 
her original scholarship award. The student must enroll as a full-time day student 
in order to receive the grant. Once the student again has met the Oglethorpe 
Scholars Award criteria, the full value of the OSA award will be reinstated for the 
next term in attendance as a full-time day student. 

In addition to the cumulative grade-point average requirement, freshmen 
must have earned at least 1 2 semester hours of credit in the fall semester. All other 
students must earn at least 24 semester hours during the current academic year. 
Students who are deficient in the number of hours required may attend summer 
school at any institution, pending approval from their academic adviser and 
Oglethorpe's Registrar. Students also have the option of submitting a written 
appeal to the Admissions and Financial Aid Committee. 

Renewal applications for all scholarship programs must be filed in the Office 
of Financial Aid by February 1. Award notifications will be mailed to students 
during the month of March. 



Endowed Scholarships 



Oglethorpe offers special awards in recognition of outstanding achievement. 
Students need not apply for these scholarships as all applicants are considered for 
these awards. 

The Marshall A. and Mary Bishop Asher Endowed Scholarship Fund was 
established by the Asher family in 1988. Both Mr. and Mrs. Asher are alumni 
(classes of 1941 and 1943 respectively) and both served for many years as Trustees 
of the University. The scholarship is awarded to a superior student in science. 

The Earl Blackwell Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by Earl 
Blackwell, distinguished publisher, playwright, author, and founder of Celebrity 
Services, Inc., headquartered in New York. The scholarship is awarded to deserv- 
ing students with special interest in English, journalism, or the performing arts. 
Mr. Blackwell is a 1929 graduate of the University. 

The Miriam H. and John A. Conant Endowed Scholarship Fund was estab- 
lished by Mr. and Mrs. John A. Conant. The Conants are long-time benefactors of 



38 



Oglethorpe, and Mrs. Conant serves as a Trustee of the University. Scholarships 
are awarded annually to superior students with leadership ability. 

The Estelle Anderson Crouch Endowed Scholarship is the first of three 
scholarships given by Mr. John W. Crouch, class of 1929, and a Trustee of the 
University. This scholarship was established in memory of Mrs. Estelle Anderson 
Crouch, the mother of John Thomas Crouch, class of 1965. Mrs. Crouch died in 
1960. It is awarded annually without regard to financial need to students who have 
demonstrated high academic standards. 

The Katherine Shepard Crouch Endowed Scholarship is a scholarship given 
in memory of Mrs. Katherine Shepard Crouch by Mr. John W. Crouch and is 
awarded annually based upon academic achievement. 

The Cammie Lee Stow Kendrick Crouch Endowed Scholarship, the third 
scholarship endowed by Mr. Crouch, is awarded annually based upon academic 
achievement, in honor of Mrs. Cammie Lee Stow Kendrick Crouch. Mr. and Mrs. 
Crouch were classmates at Oglethorpe and graduates in the class of 1929. 

The Karen S. Dillingham Memorial Endowed Scholarship was established by 
Mr. and Mrs. Paul L. Dillingham in loving memory of their daughter. Mr. 
Dillingham is a former Trustee and later served for several years as a senior 
administrator of the University. The scholarship is to be awarded each year to an 
able and deserving student. 

The R. E. Dorough Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by a gift from 
Mr. Dorough 's estate. Scholarships from this fund are awarded to able and 
deserving students based on the criteria outlined in his will. Mr. Dorough was a 
former Trustee of the University. 

The William A. Egerton Memorial Endowed Scholarship was established in 
1988. Professor Egerton was a well-liked and highly respected member of the 
Oglethorpe faculty from 1956 to 1978 and influenced the lives of many students. 
Alumni Franklin L. Burke '66, Robert B. Currey '66, and Gary C. Harden '69, 
donated the inital funds and were especially helpful in encouraging other alumni 
and friends to assist in establishing this endowed scholarship fund in memory of 
Professor Egerton. The scholarship is awarded to a student with a strong academic 
record and demonstrated leadership skills who is majoring in business administra- 
tion. 

The Henry R. "Hank" Frieman Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by 
Mr. Frieman, class of 1936. An outstanding athlete during his college days at 
Oglethorpe, Mr. Frieman spent a career in coaching. He is a member of the 
Oglethorpe Athletic Hall of Fame. This scholarship is awarded annually based on 
academic achievement, leadership qualities, demonstrated need, and a special 
interest in sports. 

The Charles A. Frueauff Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by grants 
from the Charles A. Frueauff Foundation of New York. Scholarship preference is 
given to able and deserving students from middle-income families who do not 
qualify for governmental assistance. The criteria for selection also include aca- 
demic ability and leadership potential. 

The Lu Thomasson Garrett Endowed Scholarship Fund was established in 
honor of Lu Thomasson Garrett, class of 1952, and a Trustee Emerita of the 
University. Preference for awarding scholarships from this fund is given to 
students who meet the criteria for an Oglethorpe Scholars Award and are 
majoring in education or business administration. 



39 



The Bert L. and Emory B. Hammack Memorial Scholarship is one of three 
scholarships established by gifts from their brother, Mr. Francis R. Hammack, 
class of 1927. This scholarship, established in 1984, is awarded annually to a senior 
class student majoring in science or mathematics, who is a native of Georgia and 
had the highest academic grade-point average of all such students who attended 
Oglethorpe University in their previous undergraduate years. 

The Francis R. Hammack Scholarships, established in his own name in 1990, 
is the second endowed financial assistance program by Mr. Hammack, class of 
1927. It is to be awarded annually to a needy but worthy student who is a native of 
Georgia, a junior class member majoring in English, and who has attended 
Oglethorpe University in his or her previous undergraduate years. 

The Leslie U. and Ola Ryle Hammack Memorial Scholarship was established 
in 1985 in memory of his parents by Francis R. Hammack, class of 1927. It is 
awarded annually to a junior class student, working toward the Bachelor of 
Business Administration degree, who is a native of Georgia and who had the 
highest academic grade-point average of all such students who attended Oglethorpe 
University in their previous undergraduate years. 

The Irajarrell Endowed Scholarship was established in 1975 to honor the late 
Dr. Jarrell, former Superintendent of Atlanta Schools and an Oglethorpe gradu- 
ate. It is awarded annually in the fall to a new student who is a graduate of an 
Atlanta public high school and who is studying in the field of teacher education. 
Should there be no eligible applicant, the award may be made to an Atlanta high 
school graduate in any field, or the University may award the scholarship to any 
worthy high school graduate requiring assistance while working in the field of 
teacher education. 

The Lowry Memorial Scholarship is an endowed scholarship awarded annu- 
ally to full-time students who have maintained a 3.3 grade-point average. 

The Vera A. Milner Endowed Scholarship was established by Belle Turner 
Cross, class of 1961 and a Trustee of Oglethorpe, and her sisters, Virginia T. 
Rezetko and Vera T. Wells, in memory of their aunt, Vera A. Milner. The 
scholarship is awarded annually to a full-time student planning to study at 
Oglethorpe for the degree of Master of Arts in Early Childhood Education. 
Eligibility may begin in the undergraduate junior year at Oglethorpe. Qualifica- 
tions include a grade-point average of at least 3.25, a Scholastic Aptitude Test or 
Graduate Record Examination score of 1100, and a commitment to teaching. 

The National Alumni Association Endowed Scholarship was established in 
1971 by the Association's Board of Directors. The scholarship is awarded annually 
to an Oglethorpe student based upon financial need, scholarship, and qualities of 
leadership. 

The Oglethorpe Christian Endowed Scholarship Fund was established by a 
grant from an Atlanta foundation which wishes to remain anonymous. The fund 
also has received grants from the Akers Foundation, Inc., of Gastonia, North 
Carolina; the Clark and Ruby Baker Foundation of Atlanta; and the Mary and E. 
P. Rogers Foundation of Atlanta. Recipients must be legal residents of Georgia 
and have graduated from Georgia high schools. High school applicants must rank 
in the top quarter of their high school classes and have Scholastic Aptitude Test 
scores of 1100 or more; upperclassmen must have a grade-point average of 3.0. 
Applicants must submit a statement from a local minister attesting to their 
religious commitment, active involvement in local church, Christian character, 



40 



and promise of Christian leadership and service. Applicants will be interviewed by 
the Oglethorpe Christian Scholarship Committee. 

The Oglethorpe Memorial Endowed Scholarship Fund was established in 
1994 by combining several existing scholarship funds which had been created 
over the previous two decades. Combining these funds leads to efficiencies which 
will increase the funds available for student support. Additionally, this new fund 
will allow persons to establish memorials with amounts smaller than would 
otherwise be possible. The following are honored in the Oglethorpe Memorial 
Endowed Scholarship Fund: 

Ivan Allen Anna Rebecca Harwell Hill and 

Allen A. and Mamie B. Chappell Frances Grace Harwell 

Dondi Cobb George A. Holloway, Sr. 

Michael A. Corvasce Elliece Johnson 

Ernst & Young Ray M. and Mary Elizabeth Lee 

Georgia Power Company Virgil W. and Virginia C. Milton 

Lenora and Alfred Glancy Keiichi Nishimura 

PDM Harris Timothy P. Tassopoulos 

William Randolph Hearst L. W. "Lefty" and Francis E. Willis 

Vivian P. and Murray D. Wood 
The Manning M. Pattillo, Jr. Endowed Scholarship Fund was established in 
1988 by the Oglethorpe National Alumni Association from gifts received from 
many alumni and friends. Dr. Pattillo was Oglethorpe's 13th President, serving 
from 1975 until his retirement in 1988. In recognition of his exemplary leadership 
in building an academically strong student body and a gifted faculty, the scholar- 
ship is awarded to an academically superior student with demonstrated leadership 
skills. 

The E. Rivers and Una Rivers Endowed Fund was established by the late Mrs. 
Una S. Rivers to provide scholarship funds for deserving students who qualify for 
the Oglethorpe Scholars Award. 

The J. Mack Robinson Endowed Scholarship was established by Atlanta 
businessman J. Mack Robinson. It is awarded to a deserving student who meets the 
general qualifications of the Oglethorpe Scholars Award. Preference is given to 
students majoring in business administration. 

The Steve and Jeanne Schmidt Endowed Scholarship is awarded annually to 
an outstanding student based upon high academic achievement and leadership 
in student affairs. This endowed award is made possible through the generosity of 
Mr. and Mrs. Schmidt. Mr. Schmidt, class of 1940, is a former Chairman of the 
Board of Trustees. Mrs. Schmidt is a graduate of the class of 1942. 

The Charles L. and Jean Towers Scholarship is awarded each year to a 
superior student who has demonstrated an interest as well as talent in choral 
music. The scholarship was established in 1985 in recognition of many years of 
valuable service to the University by Mr. Towers, a former Chairman of the Board 
of Trustees and Assistant to the President. 

The J. M. Tull Scholarship Fund was established by a gift from the J. M. Tull 
Foundation in 1984. Scholarships are awarded annually to superior students with 
leadership ability as well as financial need. 

The United Technologies Corporation Endowed Scholarship Fund was estab- 
lished by a grant from the United Technologies Corporation, Hartford, 
Connecticut. The fund provides scholarship support for able and deserving 



41 



students who are majoring in science or pursuing a pre-engineering program. 
United Technologies Scholars are to have at least a 3.2 grade-point average and 
leadership ability as well as financial need. 

The Charles Longstreet Weltner Memorial Endowed Scholarship Fund was 
established in 1993 by former United States Senator Wyche Fowler, Jr., his 
longtime friend and colleague. An alumnus and Trustee of Oglethorpe Univer- 
sity, Charles Weltner was Chiefjustice of the Supreme Court of Georgia at the time 
of his death in 1993. He was the recipient of the "Profile in Courage" award in 
1991. He was a tireless advocate for equal rights for minorities and while serving 
in the United States House of Representatives was the only congressman from the 
deep South to vote for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Weltner Scholarships are 
awarded annually to selected Oglethorpe University students who are residents of 
the State of Georgia, with financial need, satisfactory academic records, and to the 
extent allowed by law, of African-American descent. At the donor's request, the 
amount of the scholarship award to any recipient is to be no more than one-half 
of full tuition in order to encourage student recipients to work to provide required 
additional funds. 

The David, Helen, and Marian Woodward Endowed Scholarship Fund was 
established by grants from the David, Helen, and Marian Woodward Fund of 
Atlanta. It provides assistance to students who meet the criteria for an Oglethorpe 
Scholars Award. The award is based upon superior academic achievement, 
leadership potential, and financial need. 



Annual Scholarships 



The Chevron Freshman Scholars Program is funded annually by a gift from 
Chevron U.S.A., Inc. The scholarship is awarded to a freshman who is a resident 
of Georgia, with interest in mathematics or the sciences and demonstrated 
leadership abilities. 

The Choral Music Scholarships (Performance) are awarded annually to 
incoming students pursuing any degree offered at Oglethorpe who demonstrate 
exceptional achievement in choral singing or keyboard accompanying. Candi- 
dates must be nominated with a letter of recommendation by the conductor of any 
choral ensemble in which they have participated, then must pass a qualifying 
audition with the Director of Musical Activities. 

First Families of Georgia (1733 to 1797) Annual Scholarship is awarded to a 
senior who is academically a superior student majoring in history. First Families 
of Georgia is a society whose members are able to document their descent from 
early settlers of the State of Georgia. 

The David C. and Maria M. Gallman Annual Scholarship is awarded to a 
deserving student who is studying art at the University. Mrs. Gallman is a former 
instructor at Oglethorpe. 

The Harold Hirsch Scholarship for Non-Traditional Students is provided by 
the Harold Hirsch Scholarship Fund of Atlanta. The fund provides annual 
scholarship assistance for degree-seeking students in the evening program. 
Harold Hirsch Scholars are to have at least a 3.0 grade-point average and 
leadership ability, as well as financial need. 



42 



International Programs Advisory Council Annual Scholarships are provided 
from gifts made by several Atlanta business firms that have a special interest in 
international affairs. These scholarships are awarded to outstanding international 
students or those majoring in international studies. 

The William C. and Mabel W. Perkins Annual Scholarship Fund is provided 
through a bequest from their estates to provide scholarship assistance for worthy 
students. Mr. Perkins, class of 1929, was a former Trustee of the University. 

The Playmakers Performance Scholarships are awarded annually to incom- 
ing students pursuing any degree offered at Oglethorpe and who have exceptional 
ability in the area of dramatic performance. Candidates should be nominated with 
a letter of recommendation by the director of a dramatic troupe in which they 
have participated and perform an audition for the Oglethorpe Director of Drama. 
Awards are based on ability, not financial need. 

The Lavinia Cloud Pretz Annual Music Scholarship is provided through the 
generosity of James and Sharon Bohart in memory of Mrs. Pretz. Mrs. Pretz was a 
former member of the Oglethorpe President's Advisory Council and the Art 
Gallery Council. The scholarship is to be awarded to an outstanding student in the 
music program. 

The Mack A. Rikard Annual Scholarships were established in 1990 by Mr. 
Mack A. Rikard, class of 1937 and a Trustee Emeritus of the University. These 
scholarships are awarded to able and deserving students who meet certain criteria. 
The criteria are flexible, with consideration being given to a number of factors, 
including without limitation academic achievement, leadership skills, potential 
for success, evidence of propensity for hard work, and a conscientious application 
of abilities. Recipients must be individuals born in the United States of America 
and are encouraged, at such time in their business or professional careers when 
financial circumstances permit, to provide from their own funds one or more 
additional scholarships to worthy Oglethorpe students. 

The Lettie Pate Whitehead Foundation has made grants annually for a 
number of years to provide annual scholarships to Christian women from the 
Southeastern states who are deserving and in need of financial assistance. 

Student Emergency Loan Funds 

The Olivia Luck King Student Loan Fund provides short-term loans to 
enrolled students from Georgia. The fund was established in memory of Mrs. King 
by her husband, Mr. C. H. King of Marietta, Georgia. Mrs. King was a member of 
the class of 1942, and Mr. King received his master's degree from Oglethorpe in 
1936. 

The David N. and Lutie P. Landers Revolving Loan Fund provides short-term 
loans for needy and deserving students. The fund was established by a bequest 
from the estates of Mr. and Mrs. Landers of Atlanta. 

The Steve Najjar Student Loan Fund provides short-term loans and financial 
assistance to deserving Oglethorpe students. The fund was established in memory 
of Mr. Najjar, who, with his aunt "Miss Sadie" Mansour, operated the Five Paces 
Inn, a family business in the Buckhead section of Atlanta. The Five Paces Inn was 
a popular establishment for Oglethorpe students for many years. A number of 
Oglethorpe alumni, especially students in the late 50s and early 60s, established 
this fund in Mr. Najjar's memory. 



43 



Tuition and Costs 




Fees and Costs 



The fees, costs, and dates listed below are for 1994-95. Financial information 
for 1995-96 will be available in early 1995. 

The tuition charged by Oglethorpe University represents only 60 percent of 
the actual expense of educating each student, the balance coming from endow- 
ment income, gifts, and other sources. Thus, every Oglethorpe undergraduate is 
the beneficiary of a hidden scholarship. At the same time 75 percent of the 
students are awarded additional financial assistance in the form of scholarships, 
grants, and loans from private, governmental, or institutional sources. 

The tuition is $6,450 per semester. Room and board is $2,250 per semester. 
Students who desire single rooms are assessed $2,730 for room and board. 

The tuition of $6,450 is applicable to all students taking 12-16 semester hours. 
These are classified as full-time students. Students taking less than 12 semester 
hours are referred to the section on Part-Time Fees. Students taking more than 16 
hours during a semester are charged $200 for each additional hour. Payment of 
tuition and fees is due two weeks prior to registration each semester. Failure to 
make the necessary payments will result in the cancellation of the student's 
registration. Students receiving financial aid are required to pay the difference 
between the amount of their aid and the amount due by the deadline. Students 
and parents desiring information about various payment options should request 
the pamphlet "Payment Plans." New students who require on-campus housing for 
the fall semester are required to submit an advance deposit of $200. New 
commuting students are required to submit an advance deposit of $100. Such 
deposits are not refundable. However, the deposit is credited to the student's 
account for the fall semester. 

Upon payment of the room and board fees, each student is covered by a 
Health and Accident policy. Coverage begins on the day of registration. Full-time 
students residing off campus may purchase this insurance for $107 per year. 
International students, students participating in any intercollegiate sport, and 
students participating in intramural football or basketball are required to have 
this medical coverage or its equivalent. (Insurance rates are for 1994-95. They are 
subject to change for 1995-96.) 

In addition to tuition and room and board charges, students may be required 
to subscribe to the following: 

1. DAMAGE DEPOSIT: A $100 damage deposit is required of all resident 
students. The damage deposit is refundable at the end of the academic 
year after any charge for damages is deducted. Room keys and other 
Univesity property must be returned and the required checkout procedure 
completed prior to issuance of damage deposit refunds. This deposit is 
payable at fall registration. Students who begin in the spring semester also 
must pay the $100 damage deposit. 

2. GRADUATING SENIOR: Graduation fee of $70. 

3. LABORATORY FEE: A $45 fee is assessed for each laboratory course 
taken. 



45 



Full-Time Fees - 1994-95 



Full-time on-campus student: 

Fall, 1994 Spring, 1995 

Tuition $6,450 Tuition $6,450 

Room & Board 2,090-2,250 Room & Board 2,090-2,250 

Damage Deposit 100 Damage Deposit - 

Activity Fee 30 Activity Fee 30 

Advance Deposit - 200 

Full-time commuting student: 

Fall, 1994 Tuition $6,450 Spring, 1995 Tuition $6,450 

Activity Fee 30 Activity Fee 30 

Advance Deposit - 100 

These schedules do not include the extra cost of single rooms, books and 
supplies (approximately $500 per year), or travel and personal expense. All fees 
are subject to change. Please inquire with the Business Office for a complete Fee 
Schedule and for 1995-96 fees. 



Part-Time Fees - 1994-95 



Students enrolled part-time in day classes during the fall or spring semesters 
will be charged $1,620 per three semester hour course. This rate is applicable to 
those students taking 1 1 semester hours or less. Students taking 12 to 16 hours are 
classified full-time. Please inquire with the Business Office for a complete Fee 
Schedule. 

Evening and Summer Fees - 1994-95 

Students enrolled in evening classes during the fall or spring semesters will 
be charged $690 per three semester hour course. Students enrolled in summer 
programs are charged $225 (Summer 1994 rate) per one semester hour. Please 
inquire with the Business Office for a complete Fee Schedule. 



Withdrawal, Drop /Add 



Students who find it necessary to change their enrollment by dropping or 
adding courses must do so by obtaining a Drop/Add form from the Registrar's 
Office. This form must be completed and returned to the Registrar's Office 
during the Drop/Add week. 

After the Drop/Add period, the professor must approve the change in 
schedule. The professor may issue one of the following grades: Withdrew Passing 
(W), Withdrew Failing (WF), or may refuse to approve the withdrawal. In order 
to receive a refund, the student must officially drop the class by the end of the 20th 
class day. 

Students should note that any change of academic schedule must be cleared 
by the Registrar's Office. The date the change is received in the Registrar's Office 
will be the official date for the change. 



46 



If a student misses six consecutive classes in any course, the instructor will 
notify the Registrar's Office and it will be assumed that the student has unofficially 
withdrawn from the course. This does not eliminate the responsibility stated above 
concerning the official withdrawal policy. The student may receive the grade of 
withdrew passing, withdrew failing, or failure due to excessive absences. This 
policy has direct implications for students receiving benefits from the Veterans 
Administration and other federal agencies as these agencies must be notified 
when a student misses six consecutive classes. This will result in an automatic 
decrease in payments to the student. Reinstatement in a course is at the discretion 
of the instructor. 

If a student must withdraw from the University, an official withdrawal form 
must be obtained from the Registrar. The Director of Financial Aid must sign the 
withdrawal form. The date the completed withdrawal form is submitted to the 
Registrar will be the official date for withdrawal. 

Refunds 

The establishment of a refund policy is based on the University's commitment 
to a fair and equitable refund of tuition and other charges assessed. While the 
University advances this policy, it should not be interpreted as a policy of 
convenience for students to take lightly their responsibility and their commitment 
to the University. The University has demonstrated a commitment by admitting 
and providing the necessary programs for all students and expects students to 
reciprocate that commitment. 

Since the premium for insurance coverage is not retained by the University, 
it will not be refunded after registration day. Since room and board services are 
consumed on a daily basis, during the period when tuition is to be refunded on 
a 100 percent basis, the room and board refund will be pro rata on a daily basis. 
After the 100 percent tuition refund period, room and board refunds revert to the 
same schedule as tuition refunds. All other fees except the advanced deposit are 
subject to the refund schedule. 

The date which will be used for calculation of a refund for withdrawal or 
Drop/Add will be the date on which the Registrar receives the official form signed 
by all required personnel. All students must follow the procedures for withdrawal 
and Drop/Add in order to receive a refund. Students are reminded that all 
changes in their academic programs must be cleared through the Registrar, and 
arrangement with a professor will not be recognized as an official change of 
schedule. 

All tuition refund requests will be processed each semester at the conclusion 
of the fourth week of classes. Payment will take a minimum of two weeks, but will 
be no longer than 40 days. Damage deposit refunds will be processed once a year 
at the end of the spring semester. 



47 



Refund Schedule 



In the schedule below, "class day" means any day during which the University 
conducts classes. 

Changes in schedule by the end of the 7th class day 100% 

Changes in schedule by the end of the 10th class day 75% 

Changes in schedule by the end of the 16th class day 50% 

Changes in schedule by the end of the 20th class day 25% 

In order to administer the refund policy equitably, there will be no excep- 
tions. 



Financial Obligations 



A student who has not met all financial obligations to the University will not 
be allowed to register for courses in subsequent academic sessions; he or she will 
not be allowed to receive a degree from the University; and requests for transcripts 
will not be honored. 



48 



Community 
Life 




Leadership Development 



Oglethorpe University seeks to prepare its students for roles of leadership in 
society. Specific educational experiences are planned to help the student acquire 
the skills of leadership. 

Education for leadership must be based on the essential academic competen- 
cies — reading, writing, speaking, and reasoning. Though widely neglected today 
at all levels of education, these are the prerequisites for effective leadership. They 
are the marks of an educated person. Oglethorpe insists that its students achieve 
advanced proficiency in these skills. In addition, students are offered specific 
preparation in the arts of leadership. Such arts include an appreciation of 
constructive values, the setting of goals, public speaking, human relations, and 
organizational skills. 

This philosophy presents an excellent opportunity for the able young person 
who is striving for a significant life, including leadership in the improvement of 
community and society. 



Orientation 



Oglethorpe University wishes to provide each student with the opportunity to 
make a successful adjustment to college life. Because the University community 
takes pride in its tradition of close personal relationships, an orientation program 
has been organized to foster the development of these relationships and provide 
much needed information about the University. 

The program has been developed to assist students through small group 
experiences. Information is disseminated which acquaints the student with the 
academic program and the extracurricular life of the campus community. Thor- 
ough understanding of the advising system, the registration process, library use, 
class offerings, and study demands is sought. Alternatives for self expression 
outside the classroom also are presented to the new student. 

To supplement the student's orientation experience, the course Fresh Focus 
is required during the student's first semester. For a description of Fresh Focus, 
please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this Bulletin. 

Student Rights and Responsibilities 

Students of Oglethorpe University have specific rights and responsibilities. 
Among the rights are the right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, 
the right to the presumption of innocence and procedural fairness in the 
administration of discipline, and the right of access to personal records. 

As members of the Oglethorpe community, students have the responsibility 
to maintain high standards of conduct. They should respect the privacy and 
feelings of others and the property of both students and the University. Students 
are expected to display behavior which is not disruptive of campus life or the 
surrounding community. They represent the University off campus and are 
expected to act in a law-abiding and mature fashion. Those whose actions show 
that they have not accepted this responsibility may be subject to disciplinary action 
as set forth in the University's student handbook, The Book. 



50 



Policy on Discriminatory and Sexual Harassment 

Oglethorpe University places a high value on the dignity of the individual, on 
the tolerance of, and an appreciation for, human diversity, and on an appropriate 
decorum for members of the campus community. Harassing behavior can seri- 
ously interfere with the work or study performance of the individual to whom it 
is addressed. It is indefensible when it makes the work, study, or living environ- 
ment hostile, intimidating, injurious, or demeaning. 

It is the policy of the University that students and employees be able to work, 
study, participate in activities, and live in a campus community free of unwar- 
ranted harassment in the form of oral, written, graphic, or physical conduct which 
personally frightens, intimidates, injures, or demeans another individual. Dis- 
criminatory harassment directed against an individual or group that is based on 
race, gender, religious belief, color, sexual orientation, national origin, handicap, 
or age is prohibited. Discriminatory harassment is defined as speech, depictions, 
or conduct which: (1) is addressed directly to, or made in the presence of, the 
individual or individuals whom it insults or stigmatizes; and, (2) the speaker 
knows, or reasonably should know, would constitute "fighting words." "Fighting 
words" are words, pictures, or other symbols that are commonly understood to 
convey direct and visceral hatred or contempt for other human beings; they are 
commonly understood to elicit or precede violence. 

In addition, sexual harassment of a student by another student, of a student 
by an employee, of an employee by a student, or of an employee by another 
employee will not be tolerated and is prohibited. Any unwelcome sexual advance, 
requests for sexual favors, verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, or any 
verbal conduct that might be construed as a sexual slur that: (1) interferes with 
performance or creates a hostile, offensive, or intimidating environment and/or 
(2) is an expressed or implied condition imposed by a faculty member for 
evaluation or grading a student, or by an employee for evaluatingjob performance 
or advancement of a subordinate or colleague, will be viewed as misconduct. 

Complaints alleging misconduct as defined in this policy on discriminatory 
and sexual harassment should be reported to the Vice President for Student 
Affairs/Dean of Community Life (Mr. Donald R. Moore, Emerson Student 
Center, telephone 364-8335), the Provost (Dr. Anthony Caprio, Lupton Hall, 
telephone 364-8317), the Associate Dean for Administration (Mrs. Linda W. 
Bucki, Lupton Hall, telephone 364-8325), or the Psychologist (Dr. Betsy Ryland, 
Faith Hall, telephone 364-8413). In determining whether an act constitutes 
harassment, a careful review must be made of the totality of the circumstances that 
pertain to any given incident. Among the factors which will be considered are: 
intent of the behavior (words or actions with the intent to injure are prohibited, 
but words or actions as part of an exchange of ideas, ideology, or philosophy will 
be protected); location of the behavior (different concerns exist with respect to 
spaces used for public forums, classrooms, or other settings) ; the degree to which 
the behavior when judged by the "reasonable person" standard would be consid- 
ered to be hostile, intimidating, injurious, or demeaning; and any repetition or 
pattern of objectionable behavior. Complaints will be carefully investigated and, 
when appropriate, efforts will be made to resolve conflicts through education, 
counseling, and conciliation. Cases that may require disciplinary action will be 
handled according to the established discipline procedures of the University. 



51 



Student organizations in violation of this policy may be subject to the loss of 
University recognition. Complainants shall be protected from unfair retribution. 
Nothing in this policy statement is intended to infringe on the individual 
rights, freedom of speech, or academic freedom provided to members of the 
Oglethorpe community. The scholarly, educational, or artistic content of any 
written or oral presentation or inquiry shall not be limited by this policy. 
Accordingly, this provision will be liberally construed but should not be used as a 
pretext for violation of the policy. 

The Oglethorpe Student Association 

The Oglethorpe Student Association is the guiding body for student life at 
Oglethorpe University. The O.S.A. consists of two bodies: an executive council, 
composed of a president, vice president, parliamentarian, secretary, treasurer, 
and presidents of the four classes; and the senate, chaired by the vice president, 
and composed of four senators from each class. Both bodies meet regularly and 
the meetings are open to the public. Through its Programming Board the O.S.A. 
administers a student activity fee which is assessed to all full-time day students. 
Additional information can be obtained from the O.S.A. Office or the Student 
Center Office located on the upper level of the Emerson Student Center. The 
address is Oglethorpe Student Association, 3000 Woodrow Way, N.E., Atlanta, GA 
30319-2797. 



Student Organizations 



Valuable educational experience may be gained through active participation 
in approved campus activities and organizations. All students are encouraged to 
participate in one or more organizations to the extent that such involvement does 
not deter them from high academic achievement. Students are especially encour- 
aged to join professional organizations associated with their interests and goals. 

Eligibility for membership in student organizations is limited to currently 
enrolled students. To serve as an officer of an organization, a student must be 
enrolled full time and may not be on academic or disciplinary probation. 



Recognized Student Organizations 



Accounting Club 

Adam Smith Society 

Alcohol and Health Awareness 

Committee 
Alpha Chi - National Academic 

Honorary 
Alpha Phi Omega - National Service 

Fraternity 
Alpha Psi Omega - Drama Honorary 

Ambassadors 
Amnesty International - Oglethorpe 

Chapter 
Best Buddies 



Beta Omicron Sigma- Business 

Honorary 
Black Student Caucus 
Catholic Student Association 
Chess Club 
Chiaroscuro - Student Art 

Organization 
College Republicans 
ECOS, Environmentally Concerned 

Oglethorpe Students 
Executive Round Table 
French Club 
Hillel 



52 



International Club 
Interfraternity Council 
Kashima Shinryu - Martial Arts 
OAT, Oglethorpe Academic Team 
Oglethorpe Christian Fellowship 
Oglethorpe Cycling Club 
Oglethorpe Dancers 
Oglethorpe Recorder Ensemble 
Oglethorpe Stage Band 
Oglethorpe Winds Ensemble 
Omicron Delta Kappa - National 

Leadership Honorary 
Orient Club 
Panhellenic Council 
Phi Alpha Theta - National History 

Honorary 
Phi Beta Delta - Honor Society for 

International Scholars 
Phi Eta Sigma - Freshman Academic 

Honorary 
Philologos - English Club 
The Playmakers, Oglethorpe 

University Theatre 
Politics and Pre-Law Association 



Pre-Medical Association 

Psi Chi - Psychology Honorary 

Psychology and Sociology Club 

Public Affairs Forum 

Residence Hall Association 

Rho Lambda - Panhellenic Honorary 

Rotaract Club 

Sigma Pi Sigma - National Physics 

Honorary 
Sigma Tau Delta - English Honorary 
Sigma Zeta - National Science 

Honorary 
Society of Physics Students - 

Oglethorpe Chapter 
Student Alumni Association 
Student Education Association 
Thalian Society - Philosophical 

Discussion Group 
The Stormy Petrel- Student Newspaper 
The Tower- Literary Magazine 
The Yamacraw - Yearbook 
University Chorale 
University Singers 



Fraternities and Sororities 



Four fraternities and two sororities contribute to the Greek system at 
Oglethorpe. 

The four fraternities are Chi Phi, Delta Sigma Phi, Kappa Alpha, and Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon. The national sororities are Chi Omega and Sigma Sigma Sigma. 

These social organizations strive to contribute substantially to the spiritual 
and social betterment of the individual and develop college into a richer, fuller 
experience. Membership in these organizations is voluntary and subject to 
regulations established by the Interfraternity Council, the Panhellenic Council, 
and the Dean of Community Life. 



Athletics and Physical Fitness 



At Oglethorpe University the students who participate in intercollegiate 
athletic competition are considered to be students first and athletes second. The 
University is an active member of the Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference 
(SCAC) and Division III of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). 
Members of Division III may not award financial aid (other than academic honor 
awards) to any student-athlete, except upon a showing of financial need by the 
recipient. Oglethorpe provides a program of Oglethorpe Scholars Awards, which 
is described in the Financial Assistance section of this Bulletin. Many students who 
are interested in sports and are superior academically do qualify for this form of 
assistance. 



53 



The University offers intercollegiate competition in basketball, baseball, 
soccer, cross-country, tennis, golf, and track and field for men; and in soccer, 
basketball, volleyball, cross-country, tennis, and track and field for women. The 
Stormy Petrels compete against other SCAC schools, including Trinity University, 
Millsaps College, Rhodes College, University of the South, Southwestern Univer- 
sity, Hendrix College, and Centre College. The Petrels also challenge teams from 
schools outside the SCAC, such as Emory University and Washington and Lee 
University. 

In addition to intercollegiate competition, a well-rounded program of intra- 
mural sports is offered and has strong participation by the student body. In recent 
years about half of the full-time Oglethorpe students participated in one or more 
intramural sports. Men and women participate in badminton, basketball, flag 
football, softball, table tennis, and volleyball. 

The following two physical fitness courses are offered for credit. 

1001. Physical Fitness for Living 3 hours 

A course designed to provide students an understanding and awareness of 
one's fitness potential through proper nutrition and aerobic exercise. Evaluation 
of personal fitness levels in the areas of stress, cardiorespiratory endurance, 
muscle strength, body composition, flexibility, and identification of coronary risk 
factors will assist the student in preparing for a balanced and healthy life. 

1002. Fitness Through Lifetime Sports 1 hour 

A course designed to provide instruction in the skills, knowledge, and 
understanding of various sports, or of a particular sport, that can be enjoyed 
throughout a person's lifetime. Acquainting students with the history, rules, and 
techniques, and offering individual instruction in these sports will help the 
student maintain fitness through wholesome recreation. Prerequisite: 1001. 

Cultural Opportunities on Campus 

There are numerous cultural opportunities for students outside the class- 
room. The University Program Committee sponsors concerts, theatrical 
productions, poetry readings, and lectures by visiting scholars. The Mack A. 
Rikard lectures expose students to leaders in business and other professions. The 
University Singers perform frequently during the year, including seasonal events. 
They often feature guest artists. The University Museum, on the third floor of 
Philip Weltner Library, sponsors exhibitions as well as lectures on associated 
subjects and frequent concerts in the museum. The Playmakers also stage several 
productions each year. Two annual events, the Oglethorpe Night of the Arts and 
International Night, provide a showcase for campus talent. The former presents 
student literary, musical, and visual arts. The latter features international cuisine 
and entertainment. The Georgia Shakespeare Festival which takes place on 
campus during the summer, is also a valuable cultural asset to the Oglethorpe 
community. 

Internships and Cooperative Education 

Experiential off-campus on-the-job learning is a major component of the 
educational process at Oglethorpe. Beginning in the sophomore year, students 



54 



can opt to further refine their career plans through cooperative education and 
internships. These programs provide practical experience to complement the 
academic program, as well as give students the opportunity to test the reality of 
their career decisions and gain work experience in their major fields of interest. 

Internship opportunities are available in most majors for students who 
(1) demonstrate a clear understanding of the goals they wish to accomplish in the 
experience and (2) possess the necessary academic and personal background to 
accomplish these goals. In addition to local experiences, students may apply for 
interenational co-op/internship assignments through Oglethorpe's membership 
in the International Cooperative Education Consortium, which is managed by the 
Georgia State University Office of Cooperative Education. 

Students who are interested in an internship or cooperative education 
experience should first consult with their faculty advisers and then visit the Office 
of Career Services in Emerson Student Center. 

Internships 

Students with a minimum grade-point average of 2.8 may qualify to begin an 
internship experience in the sophomore year. Every internship requires a state- 
ment of academic objectives and requirements developed in consultation with the 
student's faculty adviser and/or faculty internship supervisor. Upon successful 
completion of the internship, the student is awarded academic credit in recogni- 
tion of the learning value of the experience, up to a maximum of 15 hours. 

If no academic credit is needed or sought, a non-credit internship can be 
arranged, utilizing the quality control provided by the Office of Career Services. 

Internships have been available in a large variety of local businesses and 
organizations such as Deloitte and Touche, Atlanta Historical Society, CNN 
Sports, United Methodist Children's Home, Gwinnett Medical Center, Georgia 
League of Women Voters, Zoo Atlanta Animal Research, IBM, Price Waterhouse, 
The Carter Center, The New York Times-Southern Bureau, and the Georgia 
Department of Labor, to name only a few. 

In addition to these Atlanta-based internships, Oglethorpe also is affiliated 
with two organizations in the nation's capital where students from all majors can 
serve as interns in the Washington, D.C. area. These organizations are The 
Washington Center and The Washington Semester Program of American Univer- 
sity. 

Cooperative Education 

Cooperative Education is a non-credit program in which students with a 
grade-point average of 2.5 or higher alternate semesters of work and study until 
graduation. Students usually begin the co-op experience in their junior years. 
Opportunities are available with several major employers in the Atlanta area. 

A student who participates in a University sponsored full-time cooperative 
education experience is considered to be a full-time Oglethorpe student. This will 
be true even though it precludes his or her enrolling in a full-time schedule of 
classes, provided: (1) he or she was enrolled in a full-time schedule of classes at 
Oglethorpe during the semester immediately preceeding the cooperative educa- 
tion experience, and (2) he or she intends to enroll as a full-time student at 
Oglethorpe in the subsequent semester. 



55 



Counseling 



Counseling and referrals for professional services are available to students 
experiencing psychological or social problems. Special programs are conducted 
on campus to provide information and promote development in leadership skills, 
interpersonal relationships, and physical and mental health. Though academic 
advising is the responsibility of individually assigned faculty advisers, students 
encountering unusual difficulties may wish to consult the Counseling Center 
regarding possible contributing factors. 

Career Services 

The Career Services Office provides resources to assist students in making 
responsible decisions and strategies regarding career options and job search 
plans. These resources include a Career Library with information available from 
books and video tapes on occupations, the job search, and prospective employers. 
SIGI PLUS, a computer-assisted career guidance program, is available by appoint- 
ment to explore options that match individual career interests. Workshops on 
resume writing, interviewing and job search techniques are presented each 
semester to prepare students for the workplace. 

In addition, a number of prospective employers and graduate schools send 
recruiters to the campus each year for the purpose of conducting on-campus 
interviews. Current information on permanent, summer, and part-time job 
opportunities is made available to students and alumni. 



Opportunities in Atlanta 



Oglethorpe is located eight miles from downtown Atlanta and just two miles 
from the city's largest shopping center. A nearby rapid transit station makes 
transportation quick and efficient. This proximity to the Southeast's most vibrant 
city offers students a great variety of cultural and entertainment opportunities. 
There are numerous excellent restaurants and clubs in nearby Buckhead. Down- 
town Atlanta offers professional baseball, football, basketball, and ice hockey to 
sports fans as well as frequent popular concerts. The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra 
performs from September through May in the Memorial Arts Center. The Atlanta 
Ballet Company's season is October through May. The Alliance Theatre Company 
and many smaller companies present productions of contemporary and classical 
plays. The High Museum of Art hosts major traveling exhibitions in addition to its 
permanent collection. Student discounts are often available. 



Housing and Meals 



The residence halls are available to all full-time day students. There are three 
men's residence halls, one co-ed hall, and three women's halls. Each complex has 
a Resident Director and a staff of student Resident Assistants. 

All students living in the residence halls are required to participate in a 
University meal plan. Meals are served in the Emerson Student Center. Nineteen 
meals are served each week. No breakfast is served on Saturday or Sunday. Instead 



56 



a brunch is served from mid-morning until early afternoon. The evening meal is 
also served on these days. Meal tickets are issued at registration. 

In addition to the residence halls there are six Greek cottages which house 
some members of the four fraternities and two sororities. 

Health Service 

All resident students subscribe to a Student Accident and Sickness Insurance 
Plan provided by the University. Full-time students living off campus may purchase 
this insurance. International students and students participating in all intercolle- 
giate sports and intramural football are required to enroll in the Insurance Plan 
or have equivalent coverage. A brochure is available at the Student Health Center 
that describes the coverages provided by the plan. 

The University maintains a small health center staffed by a registered nurse. 
The center operates on a regular schedule and provides basic first aid and limited 
medical assistance for students. 

A physician visits the health center twice a week to make general diagnosis and 
treatment. In the event additional or major medical care is required, the student- 
patient will be referred to medical specialists and hospitals in the area with which 
the health service maintains a working relationship. 

When it is determined that a student's physical or emotional health is 
detrimental to his or her academic studies, group-living situation, or other 
relationships at the University or in the community, the student will be requested 
to withdraw. Readmission to the University will be contingent upon acceptable 
verification that the student is ready to return. The final decision will rest with the 
University. 

International Student Services 

The International Student Office, which is located in the Emerson Student 
Center, exists to meet the needs of international students. Through a specially 
designed orientation program and ongoing contacts, the new international 
student is assisted in the process of adjustment to life at an American college. 
Special tours, host family programs, and social occasions are available to ensure 
that students can benefit fully from cross-cultural experiences. The International 
Student Adviser helps students with questions related to their immigration status. 

The O Book 

The Book is the student's guide to Oglethorpe University. It contains 
thorough information on the history, customs, traditional events, and services of 
the University, as well as University regulations. This handbook outlines the 
policies for recognition, membership eligibility, and leadership positions for 
campus student organizations and publications. 



57 



Honors 

Presented at the May Commencement 

The Sally Hull Weltner Award for Scholarship: This award is presented to the 
student in the graduating class who has the highest grade-point average on work 
completed at Oglethorpe among the students graduating with academic honors. 

The Faculty Award for Scholarship: This award is presented to the student in 
the graduating class who has the second highest grade-point average on work 
completed at Oglethorpe among the students graduating with academic honors. 

The James Edward Oglethorpe Awards: Commonly called the "Oglethorpe 
Cups," these are presented annually to the man and woman in the graduating class 
who, in the opinion of the faculty, have excelled in both scholarship and service. 

Continuing Education Award: This award is presented to the continuing 
education student in the graduating class who has the highest grade-point average 
on work completed at Oglethorpe among continuing education students and who 
has completed at least 45 semester hours of course work in residence. 

Phi Beta Kappa Award: This award is presented by the faculty and staff 
members of Phi Beta Kappa to the graduating student who, in their judgment has 
demonstrated outstanding scholarly qualities. 

President's Leadership Prize: The President of the University presents this 
prize to a graduating student who has excelled in leadership accomplishments. 

Presented at the Honors and Awards Program 

Alpha Chi Award: This is an annual award made to the member of the student 
body who best exemplifies the ideals of Alpha Chi in scholarship, leadership, 
character, and service. 

Alpha Phi Omega Service Award: This award is presented by Alpha Phi 
Omega fraternity to the student, faculty, or staff member who best exemplifies the 
organization's three-fold purposes of leadership, friendship, and service. 

Alpha Psi Omega Rookie Award: This award is presented annually to the 
outstanding new member of The Playmakers. 

Brinker Award: This award is made possible by Reverend Albert J. Brinker in 
memory of his son and daughter, Albert Jan Brinker, Jr. and Sally Stone Brinker, 
to the student having the highest achievement in the courses of philosophy and 
religion. 

Wendell Brown Award: This award is presented to the individual who, though 
not a member of The Playmakers, has done the most for The Playmakers during 
the year. 

Charles M. MacConnell Award: This award honors a former member of the 
faculty and is presented by the sophomore class to the senior who, in the judgment 
of the class, has participated in many phases of campus life without having 
received full recognition. 

Charles L. Towers, Sr. Award for Excellence: This award is presented 
annually to the outstanding student in the field of economics and business 
administration. The award honors the father of Charles L. Towers, a Trustee 
Emeritus of the University. 



58 



Chiaroscuro Juried Art Show Award: These awards are presented to the artists 
who submit the best drawings, sculpture, photographs, and paintings to the 
annual atudent art show sponsored by Chiaroscuro, a club that supports the arts 
on campus. 

Coca-Cola Minority Achievement Award: This award is presented annually by 
The Coca-Cola Company to a minority student who is a rising senior and 
demonstrates strong academic performance, personal character, and personal 
motivation to serve and succeed. 

Continuing Education Achievement Award: This award is presented to the 
continuing education student who has demonstrated high academic achievement 
along with significant accomplishments in the community and at work. 

Deans' Award for Outstanding Achievement: This award is presented annu- 
ally to a campus club, organization, or society which, in the opinion of the Dean 
of Community Life and the Provost, has contributed most to University life. 

Donald C. Agnew Award for Distinguished Service: This award is presented 
annually by the Oglethorpe Student Association and chosen by that body to honor 
the person who, in their opinion, has given distinguished service to the University. 
Dr. Agnew served as President of Oglethorpe University from 1957 to 1964. 

Eve Brown Award: This award is presented to the individual who demon- 
strates outstanding talent in production design for The Playmakers. 

Financial Executives Institute Award: This award is presented annually by the 
Atlanta Chapter of The Financial Executives Institute to a student of superior 
academic performance in the field of business administration. 

Freshman Honor Awards: Certificates of recognition are presented to fresh- 
,men who have achieved a 3.5 or higher grade-point average during their first 
semester of full-time enrollment. 

Georgia Society of Certified Public Accountants Award: This award is pre- 
sented annually to the student of highest academic achievement in the field of 
accounting. 

International Club Appreciation Award: This award is presented annually to 
the student who has contributed most significantly to the activities of the Interna- 
tional Club. 

Intramural Sports Awards: These awards are presented to the leading teams 
and individual athletes in men's and women's intramural competition. 

LeConte Award: The most outstanding student graduating with a major in 
one of the natural sciences or mathematics, as determined by the faculty in the 
Division of Science and Mathematics, is recognized with this award. 

Leo Bilancio Award: This award, created in memory of Professor Leo Bilancio, 
a member of the Oglethorpe history faculty from 1958 to 1989, is given annually 
by the Oglethorpe Student Association to a graduating senior who has been an 
outstanding student of history or political studies. 

National Collegiate Band Awards: These awards are presented annually to 
students who have exhibited excellence in the performance of instrumental 
music. 

Oglethorpe Poet Laureate: This award was first instituted by Mrs. Idalee 
Vonk, wife of former President Paul Vonk, and is an honor that is bestowed upon 
a freshman, sophomore, or junior who presents the best written work to The Tower 
for competition. 



59 



Omicron Delta Kappa Freshman Award: This award is made by Omicron 
Delta Kappa to the student in the freshman class who most fully exemplifies the 
ideals of this organization. 

Outstanding Education Graduate Student Award: The outstanding education 
graduate student is honored with this award. 

Outstanding Improvement in French Studies: This award honors the student 
who demonstrates excellence and dedication in French studies. 

Outstanding Male and Female Varsity Athletes of the Year Award: These 
awards are made annually to the outstanding male and female students participat- 
ing in varsity sports. 

Outstanding Psychology Senior Award: The outstanding senior majoring in 
psychology is honored with this award. 

Outstanding Senior in Politics: This award is given annually to the graduating 
senior, majoring in politics, who, in the judgment of the faculty, does the most 
sophisticated work in upper-level classes within the discipline. 

The Outstanding Sociology Senior Award: The outstanding senior majoring 
in sociology is honored with this award. 

Phi Eta Sigma Freshman Scholarship Award: This award is presented annually 
to the full-time freshman student with the highest grade-point average by Phi Eta 
Sigma, a national scholastic honor society for freshmen. 

Publications Awards: Notable contributors to The Tower, The Stormy Petrel and 
The Yamacraw are recognized with these awards. 

Resident Assistant of the Year: This award is presented annually to an 
exemplary student who organizes outstanding educational and social programs 
for dormitory residents and builds a sense of community in the residence halls. 

Rotaract Award: This award is presented to the junior or senior who best 
exemplifies the Rotary ideals of service above self and international under- 
standing. 

Sidney Lanier Prize: This award is given yearly to the student, or students, 
submitting excellent poetry to campus publications. 

Student Education Association Award: Through the presentation of this 
award, members of this organization honor a student who has excelled in the field 
of teacher education. 

Teacher Education Senior Award: This award is presented annually to a 
leading senior student in the field of education. 

University Singers Awards: These awards are presented annually to students 
who have exhibited excellence in the performance of choral music. 

Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities: This honor is given in 
recognition of the merit and accomplishments of students who are formally 
recommended by a committee of students, faculty, and administrators, and who 
meet the requirements of the publication Who's Who Among Students in American 
Colleges and Universities. 



60 



Academic Regulations 
and Policies 




Academic Advising 



Each student consults with a member of the faculty in preparing course 
schedules, discussing post-graduation plans, and inquiring about any other 
academic matter. A student's adviser is assigned before the time of the student's 
initial enrollment. The faculty adviser is each student's primary point of contact 
with the University. 

To change advisers a student must complete the following procedural steps: 

1. Ask the proposed "new" faculty adviser for permission to be added to the 
faculty member's advisee list. 

2. Ask the current adviser to send the student file to the faculty member who 
has agreed to be the student's new adviser. 

3. Ascertain that the new adviser has received the file and has sent an Adviser 
Change notice to the Registrar's Office. 

This is the only method for changing academic advisers. 

When the student decides on a major field, he or she should change advisers, 
if necessary, to a faculty member who has teaching responsibilities in the student's 
major field. 



Registration 



New students select courses in consultation with faculty advisers to whom they 
are assigned before their initial registration day. Schedule planning and course 
selection for following semesters are accomplished during preregistration week. 
Students should make appointments to consult with their academic advisers 
during preregistration. Full-time students wishing to participate in the University 
Center in Georgia Cross Registration program (see Cross Registration below) also 
should select courses during the preregistration week of the fall and spring 
semesters. Summer schedules also can be planned during preregistration week in 
the spring semester. 

The official registration period precedes the first day of classes. Every student 
must complete the various steps of the registration process during this period. 
Those who have preregistered pick up a copy of their course schedule at the first 
station of registration and thereby bypass the station at which proposed course 
schedules are computer-processed by Registrar's Office personnel. All other 
stations must be completed by preregistered students. 



Cross Registration 



Oglethorpe University is a member of the University Center in Georgia, a 
consortium of the 18 institutions of higher education in the greater Atlanta area. 
Through the University Center, full-time Oglethorpe students may enroll on a 
space-available basis in courses at any other member institution. The student need 
not be admitted to the other institution and completes all procedures, including 
payment of tuition, at Oglethorpe. Because of institutional deadlines, students 
should complete forms for cross registration during Oglethorpe's designated 
preregistration week. 

Courses taken at University Center institutions on a cross-registration basis 
count as Oglethorpe courses. While grades earned through consortium courses 



62 



are not tabulated in grade-point averages, courses with grades of "C" or higher 
count toward the major. 

Interested students should consult the Registrar for program details. 

Class Attendance 

Regular attendance at class sessions, laboratories, examinations, and official 
University convocations is an obligation which all students are expected to fulfill. 
Faculty members set attendance policies in their course syllabi. 



Grading 



Faculty members submit mid-semester reports to the Registrar's Office on 
class rolls indicating satisfactory or unsatisfactory ("S" or "U"). These mid- 
semester reports are not part of the student's permanent record. 

Letter grades are submitted by faculty members at the end of each semester. 
These grades become part of the student's official record. Once entered, a grade 
may not be changed except by means of an officially executed Change of Grade 
form. 

A student's cumulative grade-point average (GPA) is calculated by dividing 
the number of semester hours of work the student has attempted into the total 
number of quality points earned. 

The letter grades used at Oglethorpe are defined as follows: 







Quality 


Numerical 


Grade 


Meaning 


Points 


Equivalent 


A 


Superior 


4.0 


93-100 


A- 




3.7 


90-92 


B+ 




3.3 


87-89 


B 


Good 


3.0 


83-86 


B- 




2.7 


80-82 


C+ 




2.3 


77-79 


c 


Satisfactory 


2.0 


73-76 


c- 




1.7 


70-72 


D+ 




1.3 


67-69 


D 


Passing 


1.0 


60-66 


F 


Failure 


0.0 


59 and below 


FA 


Failure: Excessive Absences* 







W 


Withdrew** 







WF 


Withdrew Failing* 







I 


Incomplete*** 







S 


Satisfactory**** 





70 or higher 


u 


Unsatisfactory* 







AU 


Audit (no credit) 








Notes: * 






- Grade has same effect as an "F" on the GPA. 

- Grade has no effect on the GPA; no credit awarded. 

- Grade has same effect as an "F" on the GPA. If a student is 
unable to complete the work for a course on time for reasons 



63 



of health, family tragedy, or other circumstances the instruc- 
tor deems appropriate, the grade "I" may be assigned. In such 
cases, the instructor and student shall draw up a contract 
indicating specifically the work the student must complete as 
well as a date by which the work will be submitted, and the 
grade which will be given if the student fails to complete that 
work. After the student has read and signed the contract, it 
shall be filed with the Registrar at the time the class roll is 
submitted. 
**** _ Q ra( j e h as no effect on the GPA; credit is awarded. 
Only work completed at Oglethorpe is reflected in the Oglethorpe GPA. 

Students who entered Oglethorpe prior to Fall 1992 will be graded without 
the plus/minus system as follows: 



Grade 

A 
B 
C 
D 
F 



Meaning 

Superior 

Good 

Satisfactory 

Passing 

Failure 



•uality 


Numerical 


'oints 

4 


Equivalent 

90-100 


3 

2 

1 


80-89 
70-79 
60-69 





59 and below 



Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory Option 

After 30 semester hours are earned at Oglethorpe a student in good academic 
standing may register to take two courses (in addition to internships and Science 
Seminar) on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis. These courses cannot be taken in 
the same semester and cannot be used to satisfy requirements of the core or the 
student's major or minor. The student must register for the Satisfactory/Unsatis- 
factory designation by the end of the Drop/Add period after which the Satisfactory/ 
Unsatisfactory designation cannot be changed. Satisfactory is defined as a "C-" or 
better. 

Final Examinations 

Final examinations, up to three hours in length, are given in all courses at the 
end of each semester or session. The Final Examination Schedule is made up in 
the Registrar's Office and is published in the current semester course schedule. 

No examinations other than laboratory examinations may be administered 
during the last scheduled class meeting of the semester's final week of classes, 
except by special permission of the Provost. 

No student help is to be used for typing or grading examinations. 



Auditing Courses 



Regularly admitted Oglethorpe students may register for courses on an 
"audit" basis. A student who audits a course may attend the course for enrichment 
but is not required to take course examinations or complete other course 
requirements. In order to audit a course, a student must request an Audit form 



64 



from the Registrar's Office and submit it to the instructor of the course he or she 
intends to audit. If the class is not closed, the instructor may accept the student as 
an audit by returning the signed form to the Registrar's Office. The grade awarded 
for a class taken on an audit basis is "AU," and no credits or quality points are 
earned. 

Students may register to take courses on an audit basis only during the normal 
time for dropping and adding courses. The fees for auditing courses are published 
by the Business Office. 

Academic Resource Center 

The Academic Resource Center in Goodman Hall provides group and 
individual tutoring and other academic activities for all students, free of charge. 
The ARC services include helping students to prepare for papers and examina- 
tions, as well as arranging enriching group study and research for students who are 
already doing well in core and other courses. The student tutors work closely with 
the faculty teaching the classes in which they are tutoring, meeting regularly to 
plan and provide individual and small-group help for students who need it, and 
to increase interactive and collaborative educational experiences both in and 
outside Oglethorpe's classrooms. 

Dean's List 

Students who earn a semester grade-point average of 3.5 or higher carrying 
-12 semester hours or more during the fall or spring semester are placed on the 
Dean's Academic Honors List. 

Mathematics Proficiency Requirement 

Oglethorpe offers three courses below the level of calculus (the high school 
equivalent is indicated in parentheses): (1) Intermediate Algebra (Algebra I), (2) 
College Algebra (Algebra II), and (3) Analytic Geometry (Algebra and Trigonom- 
etry III). 

The Mathematics Proficiency Requirement at Oglethorpe is met in one of two 
ways: (1) by performing satisfactorily on the mathematics proficiency examina- 
tion administered to entering students during fall and spring orientation or 
Springfest, or (2) by completing the course Analytic Geometry. (Entering stu- 
dents who have taken a calculus course in high school are deemed to have satisfied 
the Mathematics Proficiency Requirement and do not need to take the profi- 
ciency examination.) 



Graduation Requirements 



To earn a baccalaureate degree from the University the following require- 
ments must be met: 

1. Completion of a minimum of 120 semester hours of course credit with an 
Oglethorpe cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 or higher. 



65 



2. Completion at Oglethorpe of 30 of the last 60 semester hours of course 
credit immediately preceding graduation. Courses taken at University 
Center institutions on a cross-registration basis count as Oglethorpe 
courses for the purpose of meeting this residency requirement. 

3. Satisfaction of core requirements and major field or dual degree 
requirements (see appropriate disciplinary headings for descriptions). 

4. Submission of an application for graduation to the Registrar's Office by 
mid-October prior to completion of degree requirements the following 
December, May, or August. 

5. Satisfaction of all financial and other obligations to the University and 
payment of a graduation fee. 

6. Participation in assessments of competencies gained and curricular 
effectiveness by completing standardized or other tests and surveys. 

7. Receipt of formal faculty approval for graduation. 

Graduation exercises are held twice a year at Oglethorpe — in May and in 
August. Diplomas are awarded at these ceremonies. 

Master of Arts degree candidates are referred to the Division VI section of this 
Bulletin for a description of degree requirements and other academic regulations 
which pertain to the graduate program. 

Good Standing, Probation and 
Academic Dismissal 

To be in good standing students must achieve the cumulative grade-point 
averages specified below in relation to the number of semester hours they have 
completed. 

Cumulative GPA Required 
Semester Hours Completed for Good Standing 

0-35 1.50 

36-65 1.75 

66 and above 2.00 

Students who fail to achieve good standing are placed on probation. 
Students who do not achieve good standing for two consecutive semesters 
(poor performance in summer sessions excluded) are subject to dismissal from 
the University for academic reasons. However, successful completion of summer 
classes taken at Oglethorpe may be used to achieve good academic standing. 

New students, freshmen, or transfer students who fail all courses during their 
first semester at Oglethorpe are subject to dismissal, unless the student received 
a W in all courses or had to withdraw from all courses for medical reasons. 

Students who have been dismissed for academic reasons may be readmitted 
after an absence of one spring or fall semester upon petition to the Provost. 
Students readmitted by petition must achieve good standing by the end of their 
second semester as readmitted students or be dismissed permanently. 



Degrees 



Oglethorpe offers four degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, 
Bachelor of Business Administration, and Master of Arts. 



66 



For the Bachelor of Arts degree the following majors are offered: 

American Studies 

Art 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

Communications 

Economics 

Education (Early Childhood and Middle Grades) 

Secondary Certification in English, History, Mathematics, and Science 

English 

History 

Individually Planned Major 

International Studies 

Philosophy 

Politics 

Psychology 

Sociology 

Sociology with Social Work Concentration 
For the Bachelor of Science degree the following majors are offered: 

Biology 

Chemistry 

Mathematics 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

Medical Technology 

Physics 
For the Bachelor of Business Administration degree the following majors are 
offered: 

Accounting 

Business Administration 

Business Administration and Computer Science 

Economics 
For the Master of Arts degree the following concentrations are offered: 

Early Childhood Education 

Middle Grades Education 
Under certain conditions it is also possible for a student to receive a dual 
degree in art, a dual degree in engineering, or a degree under the Professional 
Option. See the index for the sections where these degrees are discussed. 



Major Programs 



Completion of a major program is required for all baccalaureate degrees. The 
student's academic adviser assists with the student's selection of a major. The 
student declares the major selected on the course registration form completed 
each semester. Students must have declared a major by the end of the second 
semester of the sophomore year. 

A major is an orderly sequence of courses in (1) a particular discipline, (2) a 
combination of two disciplines, or (3) a defined interdisciplinary field. A major 
must include a minimum of 33 and a maximum of 62 semester hours of required 
course work, exclusive of all hours used to satisfy core requirements. A minimum 
of 15 semester hours of a major must be in course work taken at Oglethorpe 



67 



University. (For teacher education majors, please refer to Division VI require- 
ments in this Bulletin. ) Each major must allow for the student's selection of courses 
which are not in the discipline (s) of the major and not required components of 
the core curriculum. Each major includes a substantial component of advanced 
courses which have specified prerequisites. A major may require for successful 
completion a cumulative grade-point average in the major field which is higher 
than the 2.0 cumulative grade-point average required for graduation. Alterna- 
tively, the requirements for the major may state that only courses in which a "C" 
or higher grade is received may be used in satisfaction of the major's require- 
ments. The student is responsible for ensuring the fulfillment of the requirements 
of the major selected. Specific requirements for each of the majors listed above are 
indicated in the respective division of the Bulletin in which the course offerings of 
the discipline are described or in the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors 
section of the Bulletin. Please note that no course may be used to meet more than 
one degree requirement. 



Minor Programs 



Minor programs are available in several fields. Students should consult the 
section of the Bulletin in which a particular discipline is described to ascertain 
whether a minor is offered and what its specific requirements are. 

A minor consists of at least 15 semester hours of course work beyond any core 
requirements in that discipline. A minimum of nine semester hours of a minor 
must be in course work taken at Oglethorpe. For education majors, these 
requirements must be fulfilled before student teaching. 
Minors may be earned in the following: 

Accounting Mathematics 

Art History Music 

Biology Painting 

Chemistry Philosophy 

Computer Science Photography 

Drawing Politics 

Economics Psychology 

English Sociology 

French Theatre 

History Writing 

Degrees With Academic Honors 

Undergraduate degrees with Latin academic honors are awarded as follows: 
cum laude for a cumulative grade-point average of 3.5 or higher; magna cum laude 
for 3.7 or higher; and summa cum laude for 3.9 or higher. To be eligible for 
academic honors, the student must have completed 75 or more semester hours at 
Oglethorpe. See also, Honors Program. 

Transfer work is not included in the determination for Latin academic 
honors. 



68 



Earning a Second Add-On Major 



Students who have been awarded an Oglethorpe baccalaureate degree may 
earn a second major within that degree at the University. Upon completion of the 
requirements, the second major will be entered on the student's record and 
transcript. No diploma will be awarded since the second major is within the degree 
already awarded. The requirements are: 

1 . Completion of an additional 30 semester hours of which a minimum of 1 5 
must be completed at Oglethorpe. 

2. Maintenance of a 2.0 or higher cumulative grade-point average. 

3. Completion of a major other than the major (s) completed at the time the 
first degree was awarded. 

Earning a Second Baccalaureate Degree 

Students who have completed a baccalaureate degree may be awarded a 
second and different baccalaureate degree. Upon completion of the require- 
ments, the student's record and transcript will reflect the conferring of a second 
degree and a diploma will be awarded. 

For students who earned their first baccalaureate degree at Oglethorpe, the 
same requirements listed above apply. 

For students who have earned their first baccalaureate degree at another 
institution, this degree is treated as transfer credit. Up to a maximum of 75 
semester hours may be accepted at Oglethorpe. The requirements for the second 
degree are: 

1. Satisfaction of Oglethorpe core requirements. 

2. Completion of a minimum of 45 semester hours at Oglethorpe. 

3. Maintenance of a 2.0 or higher cumulative grade-point average. 

4. Completion of a major other than the major (s) completed at the time the 
first degree was awarded. 

All transfer policies stated in the section of this Bulletin entitled Transfer 
Students and Transfer Policies apply. 



Student Classification 



For administrative and other official and extra-official purposes, undergradu- 
ate students are classified according to the number of semester hours successfully 
completed. Classification is as follows: to 30 hours — freshman; 31 to 60 hours 
— sophomore; 61 to 90 hours — junior; 91 hours and above — senior. 



Normal Academic Load 



Two semesters — fall and spring — constitute the regular academic year. 
Several day and evening sessions also are offered in the summer. 

While courses of one to five semester hours credit are offered each semester, 
a full-time academic program at Oglethorpe consists of no less than four courses 
each semester. Generally five courses are taken, giving the student a total of 12 to 
16 semester hours. Regular students in the day classes are expected to carry a 



69 



normal load and to pay for a full schedule of courses. Students in the evening 
program may carry anywhere from one to four courses each semester. 

An overload (more than 16 semester hours) is allowed for seniors and 
students with a 3.0 or higher cumulative grade-point average. A student taking an 
overload must be sure to have his or her adviser's approval and signature on the 
registration form. The absolute upper limit is 18 hours per semester. 

A minimum of 120 semester hours (or equivalent for transfer students) is 
required for graduation. Some programs may require additional credit. 

Course Level 

In the sections that follow courses are listed numerically by discipline within 
their respective divisions. Most courses are designated by a four-digit number. The 
first digit indicates the level of the course: 1 = freshman level, 2 = sophomore level, 
3 = junior level, 4 = senior level, and 6 = graduate level. Higher level courses in a 
discipline are typically designed to build upon the content of lower level courses 
in that discipline and other specified prerequisite courses. 

In some cases, the C, L, or P replaces the first digit in the course number. C 
indicates that a course fulfills a core requirement; L means laboratory; P means 
that the course is a preliminary course to the required core course in that 
discipline. 

The number of hours refers to the semester hours of college credit per 
semester which are earned by the successful completion of the course. 

Withdrawal From a Course 

From the conclusion of the Drop/Add period through midsemester or the 
middle of a mini or summer session, the grade "W" or "WF" is assigned at the 
instructor's discretion to a student who withdraws from a course (turns in a 
properly executed withdrawal form at the Registrar's Office) . After that time the 
grade "WF" is assigned. Only in the case of prolonged illness (a physician's letter 
must be submitted directly to the Registrar's Office) or withdrawal from the 
University will a "W" be assigned. 

In the case of an emergency departure from the campus as a result of which 
withdrawal forms have not been executed, the Registrar's Office verifies that the 
student has left campus as a result of an emergency and notifies instructors. 
Instructors may elect to assign a "W" in such a case even if it occurs after 
midsemester or midsession. 

Withdrawal From the University 

Students who wish to withdraw from the University during a semester are 
required to complete the appropriate form, which is available at the Registrar's 
Office. The grade "W" or "WF" will be assigned for courses in progress, depending 
upon the student's academic progress in those courses. 



70 



Repetition of Courses 



Courses may be repeated only if an unsatisfactory grade (D, F, FA, or WF) was 
received in the course. When a course is repeated, both grades are calculated into 
the student's grade-point average, but no additional semester hours of credit are 
earned. 

For courses completed prior to 1984, consult the Registrar for applicable 
regulations. 



Access to Student Records 



To comply with the Family Educational and Privacy Act of 1974, commonly 
called the Buckley Amendment, Oglethorpe University informs students of their 
rights under this act in the student handbook, The Book. Three basic rights are 
covered by this act: (1) The student's right to have access to personal records, (2) 
the right of a hearing to challenge the content of a record, and (3) the right to 
withhold or give consent for the release of identifying directory data. Additional 
information may be obtained from The O Book and from the Registrar. 

Policy on Academic Fraud - The Oglethorpe 
Honor Code 

1 Preamble 

. Persons who come to Oglethorpe University for work and study join a 
community that is committed to high standards of academic honesty. The Honor 
Code contains the responsibilities students and faculty accept by becoming 
members of the community and the procedures to be followed should this 
commitment to honesty be broken. 

The students and faculty of Oglethorpe University expect each other to be 
truthful in the academic endeavor they share. Faculty assume students complete 
work honestly and act toward them in ways consistent with that assumption. 

Oglethorpe welcomes all who accept these principles of honest behavior. 
Members of the community believe that this Code will enrich life at the University 
and promote the practice of honorable, self-governed lives expected of society's 
leaders. 

2 Pledge 

Students pledge that they have completed assignments honestly by attaching 
the following statement to each test, paper, overnight work, in-class essay, or other 
work designated by the professor: 

I pledge that I have neither given nor received any 

unauthorized aid on this assignment. 

Signed 

It will be the responsibility of the class instructor to provide these pledges by 
either attaching them on a separate sheet or typing them as part of the assignment. 
The instructor also should remind the class to sign the pledge. 



71 



3 Faculty 

Since it is assumed that students act according to their pledge, faculty abstain 
from any practices whose purpose is to ascertain that students have been dishon- 
est. Instructors invite their own students to discuss with them actions or policies 
that appear to be at variance with the assumption of honesty. 

4 Jurisdiction 

All credit courses offered by the University are covered by the Honor System, 
and all cases of suspected academic dishonesty will be handled in accordance with 
its provisions. It is the responsibility of faculty members to make clear how the 
System applies to specific courses and to follow its procedures. Alternative ways of 
dealing with cases are not to be used. 

5 Definitions 

5.1 Cheating 

1. The unauthorized use of notes, texts, or other such materials during an 
examination. 

2. Copying another person's work or participation in such an effort. 

3. An attempt or participation in an attempt to fulfill the requirements of a 
course with work other than one's original work for that course. Students 
have the responsibility of avoiding participation in cheating incidents by 
doing their own work, taking precautions against others copying their 
work, and in general neither giving nor receiving aid. 

5.2 Plagiarism 

Plagiarism includes representing someone else's words, ideas, data, or origi- 
nal research as one's own, and in general failing to footnote or otherwise 
acknowledge the source of such work. One has the responsibility of avoiding 
plagiarism by taking adequate notes on reference materials used in the prepara- 
tion of reports, papers, and other course work. 

6 Honor Councils 

6.1 Composition 

At the beginning of each academic year, two Honor Councils shall be 
appointed, each consisting of five students, two faculty members, and a non-voting 
Secretary with terms as indicated: 

1 Freshman (one-year term) 

1 Sophomore (one-year term) 

1 Junior (two-year term) 

2 Seniors (one selected as Junior in prior year) 
2 Faculty members (two-year terms, staggered) 

1 Secretary of the Councils (University Registrar) 
The two Honor Councils will alternate in hearing cases, each serving as an 
appeal board for cases originally decided by the other when called upon to do so. 



72 



6.2 Quorum 

Six members constitute a quorum. 

6.3 Officers 

The officers of the Councils will be: 

Presiding Officer - the ranking Senior 
Secretary - the University Registrar 

6.4 Selection 

Student and faculty members of the Councils will be selected randomly. All 
full-time faculty members are eligible for selection. All degree-seeking students 
(day or evening) are eligible. Members of both Honor Councils and three 
alternates for each shall be selected randomly by the Registrar from a list of those 
eligible. After being informed of the duties of Council members, students and 
faculty shall be given the opportunity to decline to serve. On any given case, Honor 
Council members may decline to serve when they believe that personal interests 
might interfere with their impartiality in deciding the case. 

6.4.1 Fall and Spring Terms 

Formation of the Councils by random selection will be completed in the fall 
by September 15. The terms are for fall and spring semesters, but if a Council 
member does not return for spring semester, new selections will be made to fill any 
unexpired terms. 

6.4.2 Summer Term 

There will be only one Honor Council for the summer semester. Its student 
members will be randomly selected from those students who served on the regular 
academic year Councils and who attend during the summer semester. Any appeals 
of Honor Council actions will be deferred until the beginning of the fall semester. 
(See Section 8 on Appeals below.) Vacancies will be filled by new random 
selections after preregistration for summer and fall semesters. Tuition for one 
three-hour course will be remitted for each Council member serving in the 
summer. 

The terms of faculty members extend through the summer if they teach in the 
summer session. The Provost will fill any vacancies with selections from the full- 
time faculty teaching in the summer session. 

7 Procedures 

7.1 Reporting 

It is the responsibility of all students and faculty to report suspected violations 
of the Honor System. Students may report either to the professor of the class in 
which the suspected violation occurs or to the Registrar (Secretary of the Coun- 
cils). Forms for reporting violations will be included in orientation materials and 
in the The Book. A signed form in the hands of the Secretary constitutes a report 
of a suspected violation. 



73 



7.2 Preliminary Investigation 

Upon receiving a report of a suspected violation, the Secretary informs the 
professor in the class, the Presiding Officer of the Council, and the alleged 
offender. The officers of the Council (Presiding Officer and Secretary) and the 
ranking faculty member constitute an Investigatory Panel, which conducts a 
preliminary investigation to ascertain whether there is sufficient evidence of a 
violation to warrant a trial. If the evidence appears to be convincing, the Panel 
charges the suspected offender and the Secretary assembles the Council for a trial. 
Anyone reporting a suspected violation remains anonymous to all except the 
Investigatory Panel until it is determined that a trial will be held. Then the person 
reporting the violation will appear at the trial in the presence of the alleged 
offender. 

7.3 Trial 

7.3.1 Rights of the Accused 

1 . The right to be notified of all charges as expeditiously as possible (and, in 
any event, within two business days) once the Investigatory Panel has 
determined that a trial should occur. 

2. Upon being charged by the Investigatory Panel, the right to a trial within 
the following 10 business days. 

3. The right to be accompanied by two advisers of the accused's choosing, 
who may be any member of the University community. The advisers may 
act on behalf of the accused in all matters of procedure, such as cross- 
examination, calling of witnesses, etc. 

4. The right to enter a plea. In the event of a guilty plea, any and all rights 
regarding the calling of character witnesses, the offering of a closing 
statement, and other pertinent procedures shall not be abridged. 

5. The right to offer opening and closing statements, cross-examine witnesses, 
call material witnesses and no more than two character witnesses. 

6. The right to be present, together with advisers, during the entirety of the 
trial. However, disruptive behavior may result in expulsion, at the discretion 
of the Presiding Officer. 

7. The right to challenge the impartiality of any specific member (s) of the 
Council, providing that such charges can be substantiated. 

8. The right to testify in one's own behalf. Should this option be exercised, 
the accused has the obligation to answer honestly any and all questions 
put to him or her. One can refuse to answer only for reasons of self- 
incrimination, in which event the reason must be so stated. Refusal to 
answer on grounds of self-incrimination will not in itself be taken as 
evidence of guilt. 

9. The right to be free from inference of guilt if the option to testify for one's 
self is not exercised. 

10. The right to a written transcript of the proceedings. 

1 1 . In the event of a not guilty verdict, the right to be free from retrial for the 
same incident. 

12. The right to attend any and all University classes, events, and functions 
prior to a verdict. 

13. The right to separate trials for joint alleged offenders. 



74 



14. Under certain circumstances, the right to appeal an adverse decision. 
Procedures and criteria relating to an appeal are specified below under 
Appeals. 

15. The right to absolute confidentiality of all participants. 

16. The right to be judged in a manner consistent with the penalty. For cases 
involving punitive lowering of a grade in a course, guilt must be proven 
only by a preponderance of the evidence. For cases carrying the penalty 
of expulsion, guilt must be proved beyond a reasonable doubt. In any 
event, the complainant has the burden of proof. 

17. Evidence obtained through an illegal search shall not be admitted. 

7.3.2 Rights Listed Not Exhaustive 

The rights listed above under Rights of the Accused shall not be construed as 
exhaustive. 

7.3.3 Rights Not Accorded 

1. Formal rules of evidence shall not be in effect. All pertinent matters shall 
be admitted into evidence, including circumstantial evidence and hearsay, 
the values of which shall be weighted accordingly. 

2. The defendant does not have the right to be represented by professional 
legal counsel during the hearing. 

3. Affidavits are not admissible under any circumstances. 

4. Any evidence that the accused, or any party acting on his or her behalf, has 
threatened, accosted, or otherwise intimidated his or her accuser or any 
adverse witness prior to the verdict, shall be admissible evidence and shall 
be construed as a most serious breach of conduct. 

7.3.4 Evidence and Witnesses 

1. Upon receipt of a call for a trial by the Investigatory Panel, the Secretary 
of the Councils shall summon the prosecution witnesses. 

2. It will be the responsibility of the accused to summon witnesses to testify 
on his or her behalf. 

3. Nonmaterial witnesses (i.e. character witnesses) shall be limited to two. 

4. The accused may have two advisers from the University community. 

5. The accused and/or the accused's advisers may question all witnesses and 
have the right to cross-examination. 

6. A witness shall not be present during the testimony of other witnesses. 

7.3.5 Specification of Offense 

By the end of the trial, the Council will have found the accused to be either 
innocent or guilty of one of the following offenses: 

1. One instance of unplanned, unpremeditated cheating 

2. Premeditated dishonesty involving some act of prior planning 

3. Aiding another while not enrolled in course in which the act of dishonesty 
occurs 

4. A continuing pattern of premeditated subversion of the System 

7.3.6 Voting 

Voting of the Honor Councils shall be by secret ballots, which will be counted 
by the Presiding Officer. Guilt or innocence will be decided by a two-thirds vote. 



75 



7.4 Penalties 

If the Council determines that a student has committed one of the four 
offenses listed above in Specification of Offense, it will assess the following 
penalties: 

1. Unpremeditated cheating Lowering of grade in course by letter 

2. Premeditated dishonesty "F" in the course 

3. Aid while not enrolled Suspension for the next full semester 

4. Continuing subversion Permanent expulsion 

Under 3 above, if the offense occurs during one's last semester, his or her 

graduation will be delayed one full (fall or spring) semester. Also, the penalty for 
any second offense is permanent expulsion. 

7.5 Reporting of Verdict 

If the determination of the Honor Council is that a student violated the 
Honor Code, the student shall be informed that the decision of the Honor 
Council is final unless within two business days the student so charged makes a 
written request to the Secretary of the Honor Councils for an appeal hearing, 
stating why the student believes justice was not done. 

8 Appeals 

8.1 Jurisdiction 

The alternate Honor Council acting as an Appeal Board of the Honor Code 
shall 
have the following jurisdiction: 

1. To review the justice and procedure of the original Honor Council 
hearing. If it can be proven that the Honor Council which originally heard 
the case deviated substantially from the hearing procedure of the Honor 
Code, the defendant has a right to a new hearing. 

2. To consider any new evidence and to decide on the basis of that evidence 
whether or not a new hearing is warranted. 

3. If one is warranted, to hold a new hearing in accordance with the 
provisions of Procedures below. 

8.2 Procedures 

Upon receipt of a request for an appeal hearing, the Secretary of the Councils 
shall notify the alternate Council (i.e., the Council which did not hear the case 
originally), which shall hear the appeal. 

Proceedings of the appeal hearing shall be recorded by the Secretary of the 
Councils. (A tape recording is urged.) The accused may have no more than two 
advisers who must be members of the University community. These advisers may 
be present at the hearing and may ask questions of any of the witnesses and the 
accused. 

The defendant shall be informed of the decision of the alternate Honor 
Council by the Provost. 

If acquitted on a charge by the alternate Honor Council, a person may not be 
tried a second time by either Honor Council for the same incident. 



76 



The Core 
Curriculum 




s 

c 

i 



History of the Core Curriculum 



The idea for a "core curriculum" at Oglethorpe University is 50 years old in 
the academic year 1994-95, making it one of the oldest core programs at a liberal 
arts college in the country. In 1944, Oglethorpe's President Philip Weltner 
proposed a totally new liberal arts curriculum with the twin aims of equipping 
students to "make a life and make a living." One half of each student's college 
course work was devoted to the common intellectual experience of the core, while 
the other half was devoted to a student's major area of study. Weltner published 
his ideas for a new core curriculum in a small brochure called The Oglethorpe Book, 
outlining his new plan and his philosophy of education. In so doing, he antici- 
pated some of the ideas featured in General Education in a Free Society, Harvard 
University's 1945 statement stressing an emphasis on liberal arts and a core 
curriculum. 

The idea of a core curriculum was at that time so revolutionary in higher 
education that news of the Oglethorpe plan appeared in The New York Times'm the 
spring of 1945. Dr. Weltner told The Times: "We are trying to develop 
keen. ..appreciation and understanding. Instead of dividing our courses into 
separate schools, we are giving the students a good liberal and general education 
which can become the basis of hundreds of vocations." 

Dr. Weltner's core curriculum for the Oglethorpe students of the 1940s 
reflected the concerns of the war era: the core consisted of a series of courses 
under the headings "Citizenship" and "Human Understanding." As the concerns 
of the war era receded and the post-war information explosion ensued, the 
Oglethorpe core underwent extensive revision in the 1960s, its required courses 
coming to resemble much more closely traditional courses in the disciplines. 
Gradually this core came to focus on those courses representing competencies 
that a well-educated generalist ought to have upon graduating from college. 

With the support of a major grant from the National Endowment for the 
Humanities, the Oglethorpe core curriculum underwent substantial revision in 
the early 1990s to reflect a new idea about core curriculum and its purpose. Rather 
than an attempt to define what every student should know or a list of basic 
competencies every student should have, the new Oglethorpe core is aimed at 
providing a common learning experience for all students in which each course 
takes a distinct approach to understanding five key questions central to the human 
experience. In centering this curriculum on the discussion of five important 
questions, the faculty has renewed its commitment to the spirit of Dr. Weltner's 
original core philosophy. He wrote, "We must never for an instant forget that 
education to be true to itself must be a progressive experience for the learner, in 
which interest gives rise to inquiry, inquiry is pursued to mastery, and mastery here 
occasions new interests there." 

As every student's second major, the core continues to urge students to 
pursue links among the various areas of study and to appreciate the value of 
intellectual inquiry. As faculty work together through frequent conversation 
about the content and goals of their core courses to provide an integrated 
approach to learning, one is reminded of the pledge Dr. Weltner made 50 years 
ago in outlining the core: "Oglethorpe University insists that the object is not to 
pass a subject; the object is to take and keep it." 



78 



Liberal Education and the Core Curriculum 

An Oglethorpe education prepares students to live as free human beings who 
take an active interest in the world around them and who have developed those 
modes of thought and action that will make them effective builders of communi- 
ties. In The Idea of a University, John Henry Newman explains that a liberal 
education forms "a habit of mind. ..which lasts through life," with "nothing more 
or less than intellectual excellence" as its object. Thomas Jefferson, in Notes on the 
State of Virginia, argues that without such development of the intellect, democracy 
will perish: "Every government degenerates when trusted to the rulers of the 
people alone. The people themselves therefore are its only safe depositories, and 
to render even them safe their minds must be improved...." 

Such mental development requires knowledge of and the capacity to analyze 
the civilization in which we live. We must be able to raise intelligent questions 
about apparently self-evident truths, and about whether they can be verified or 
confirmed upon serious reflection. We also must have the capacity to reflect 
critically on passions, temptations, impulses, and indeed on thinking itself. As 
Jefferson proclaimed, we must not be afraid "to follow truth wherever it may 
lead...." At the very least, a liberal education ought to impart to students a taste for 
free inquiry — as well as a sense of why such inquiry is important. 

Oglethorpe University combines these aims with an institutional commit- 
ment to small classes, personal attention to the individual student, collaborative 
activites, and critical reading and writing. In its dedication to a broad, comprehen- 
sive liberal education for each student, Oglethorpe has created a common set of 
core courses that invite students to be thoughtful, inquisitive, and reflective about 
the human condition and the world surrounding them. These core courses work 
together with students' experiences in advanced courses in their chosen disci- 
plines to encourage the life-long "habit of mind" that Newman extols. Students are 
thus urged to consider carefully what they see, hear, and read, to examine 
questions from more than one point of view, and to avoid leaping quickly to 
conclusions. 

The central considerations of the Oglethorpe core are expressed in the form 
of five questions, none of which have easy answers: 

1 . What are our present ways of understanding ourselves and the universe? 

2. How do these ways of understanding evolve? 

3. How do we deal with conflicts in our ways of understanding? 

4. How do we decide what is of value? 

5. How do we decide how to live our lives? 

The Oglethorpe core curriculum initiates and sustains meaningful discus- 
sion about matters which are and have been fundamental to understanding the 
human condition and dealing thoughtfully with its ambiguities. The courses in the 
core program present a variety of distinct ways of knowing or understanding 
ourselves. 

As students become actively engaged with faculty in asking and attempting to 
answer the central questions raised by the core courses, they will learn to 
appreciate the life of the mind and to be interested in hearing the variety of voices 
that have addressed these questions. In an effort to ensure that students encoun- 
ter such points of view directly, Oglethorpe's core courses are designed to 
stimulate intensive interaction between faculty and students. 



79 



The core curriculum provides only a beginning for the investigation of 
significant questions. What students have at the completion of the Oglethorpe 
core program are not final answers but a multiplicity of ways of knowing and 
experiencing the world. They will, in addition, be prepared to continue this 
inquiry on their own. The core curriculum is generally sequenced as follows: 

Freshman Year: 

C161 Philosophical Conceptions of Reality and Human Life 

CI 91 Analytical Writing 

C21 1 The Foundations of the West 

C212 The West and the Modern World 

C271, C272 Human Nature and the Social Order I, II 

C462 Psychological Inquiry 

Sophomore Year: 

C330 Great Ideas of Modern Mathematics * 
One of the following year-long literature sequences: 

2121 Ancient and Medieval Literature - Homer to 1400 

2122 The Renaissance - 1400 to 1670 

or 

2123 The Enlightenment and the Response of Romanticism — 

1670 to 1815 

2124 Romantic and Victorian Literature - 1815 to 1890 

or 

2125 Modernism - 1890 to 1945 

2126 Contemporary Literature - 1945 to the Present 

Junior Year: 

One of the following: 

CI 31 Music and Culture 

CI 81 Art and Culture 
One of the following: 

C351 Natural Science: The Physical Sciences 

1321 General Chemistry I 

1341 General Physics I 

2341 College Physics I 
One of the following: 

C352 Natural Science: The Biological Sciences 

1311 General Biology I 

* Note: Students who enroll in this course should have passed the mathematics 
proficiency examination or completed Analytic Geometry. For a reading 
of Oglethorpe's Mathematics Proficiency Requirement, please see the 
Academic Regulations and Policies section of this Bulletin. 



80 



Honors Program 




All students at Oglethorpe University are encouraged to attain academic and 
personal excellence. The University offers an Honors Program for those students 
who demonstrate the potential to do exceptional scholarly work and who desire 
to further their academic experience at Oglethorpe. The program focuses on the 
practice of scholarship, both in breadth and in depth, and emphasizes effective 
communication of the results of that scholarly activity both to persons within the 
field and outside it. The Honors Program also is intended to foster increased 
interaction between students and faculty with diverse interests but similar dedica- 
tion to academic excellence. 

To meet these goals, the Honors Program is a seven-semester program 
organized in two phases as indicated in the table below. 

SCHEDULE FOR HONORS PROGRAM 



YEAR 



FALL SEMESTER 



SPRING SEMESTER 

Seminar led by two faculty from 

disparate disciplines. 

2999. Honors Seminar 1 hour 

Seminar led by two faculty from 

disparate disciplines 

2999. Honors Seminar 1 hour 

Refinement of prospectus. 
Honors Project Research. 

3999. Honors II 1 hour 

Preparation of final draft of thesis. 

Defense. Presentation of Honors 

work. 

4999. Honors IV 1 hour 



Recruitment/ Application . 
Freshman Social activities. 

Informational activities. 



Seminar led by two faculty 
Sophomore from disparate disciplines. 

2999. Honors Seminar.... 1 hour 



Junior 



Development of Honors Project 
prospectus and reading list. 
Initial reading. 
3998. Honors I 1 hour 



Project research and preparation 
Senior of initial draft of thesis. Critique 
by reading committee. 
4998. Honors III 3 hours 



Each fall semester informational programs will be held to acquaint prospec- 
tive participants with the features and requirements of the Honors Program. 
Interested students should then apply for admission to the program. A grade- 
point average of 3.3 in the fall of the freshman year will be required to participate 
in the first seminar. A grade-point average of 3.3 must be maintained to continue 
in the Honors Program. Students may apply for admission to the program at any 
time prior to the fall semester of the junior year. 

The first phase of the program, to be taken in the freshman and sophomore 
years, focuses on the practice of sholarship in breadth and communication to 
persons whose areas of study and interests may be outside one's own area of 
expertise. This phase consists of a series of three 1 semester hour seminars (2999) , 
each of which considers a topic which might take the form of a proposition, 
question, problem, text, period of time, etc. Each of these seminars will be 
directed by two faculty members from disparate disciplines. The interdisciplinary 
makeup of the seminar participants will be exploited to investigate the seminar 
topic from many perspectives. Students will be expected, encouraged, and 
enabled to take the lead in the seminars. Students will carry out research relevant 
to the topic, write extensively in connection with the seminar, and make frequent 
presentations of their findings to the seminar. Students will practice and refine 



82 



many of the skills and techniques necessary for the second phase of the Honors 
Program. 

The second phase of the Honors Program, to be taken in the junior and senior 
years, focuses on scholarship in depth and the effective communication of the 
results of that scholarship to persons in the field of study, as well as those outside 
it. During the fall semester of the junior year, the student secures a thesis 
supervisor and enrolls in 3998 Honors I. The student must have a 3.3 overall grade- 
point average and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in which the thesis work 
is to be undertaken. During this semester the student, with the aid of the faculty 
supervisor, will select, refine, and begin to research a suitable thesis topic. The 
student will develop a preliminary prospectus of the honors project along with any 
appropriate reading lists, etc. Honors I carries credit of 1 semester hour graded 
on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis, with the grade to be determined by the 
Honors Program Director in consultation with the faculty supervisor. Satisfactory 
completion of Honors I is required to continue the program. 

In the spring of the junior year the student enrolls in 3999 Honors II, a 
1 semester hour credit course, graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis, in 
which the honors project is further refined and researched. Upon successful 
completion of Honors II, the student enrolls in 4998 Honors III during the fall 
semester of the senior year. This is a 3 semester hour credit course in which 
research of the thesis topic is to be completed. A first draft of the thesis is required 
by the end of this semester, to be submitted to the student's reading committee. 
The reading committee will provide the student with feedback, including recom- 
mended revisions. A letter grade will be determined by the faculty supervisor in 
consultation with the reading committee and the Honors Program Director. A 
grade of "A" is required to enroll in 4999 Honors IV. 

After successful completion of 4998 Honors III, the student enrolls in 4999 
Honors IV, a graded 1 semester hour credit course, during the spring semester of 
the senior year. During this semester the student will make any necessary revisions 
in producing a final draft of the thesis which will be submitted to the reading 
committee. The student will also make an appropriate presentation of the honors 
work to a seminar, class, or meeting of an academic organization, etc. Students are 
encouraged to submit their theses to appropriate competitions or for publication. 
The final draft of the thesis is to be presented to the reading committee at least 
three weeks prior to the end of classes. At the reading committee's discretion the 
student may be asked to make a formal defense of the thesis. The faculty 
supervisor, in consultation with the reading committee and the Honors Program 
Director, will determine the grade to be awarded by the first day of the final 
examination period. 

2999. Honors Seminar 1 hour 

This seminar, led by faculty members from two disparate disciplines, will 
consider a question, problem, proposition, text, period of time, project, etc. The 
focus of the seminar will be student research, writing, and presentation. An 
interdisciplinary approach will be emphasized. Prerequisite: Application and 
admission into the Honors Program. 



83 



3998. Honors I 1 hour 

In this course, with the aid of a faculty supervisor, the student selects and 
researches a thesis topic. A preliminary prospectus is developed along with a 
reading list. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permis- 
sion of the Honors Program Director, permission of the faculty supervisor, a 3.3 
overall grade-point average, and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in which the 
honors research is to be done. 

3999. Honors II 1 hour 

In this course the student continues research in order to refine the prospec- 
tus of the honors project. Prerequisites: Permission of the Honors Program 
Director, permission of the faculty supervisor, a 3.3 overall grade-point average, 
and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in which the honors research is to be 
done. 

4998. Honors III 3 hours 

Under continued direction of the faculty supervisor, research of the thesis 
topic is completed in this course. Preparation of a first draft is submitted to the 
student's reading committee. Graded with a letter grade. Prerequisites: Permis- 
sion of the Honors Program Director, permission of the faculty supervisor, a 3.3 
overall grade-point average, and a 3.5 grade-point average in the field in which the 
honors research is to be done. 

4999. Honors IV 1 hour 

Revisions are made and a final draft of the thesis is submitted to the student's 
reading committee where a formal defense may be requested. An appropriate oral 
presentation of the honors work also will be required in an academic setting. 
Graded with a letter grade. Prerequisite: Grade of "A" in 4998. 



84 



Interdisciplinary 
Programs and Majors 




Interdisciplinary studies signal progressive trends in higher education that 
invite the learner to use more than one area of academic study to assist in the 
intellectual inquiry. Such studies across academic disciplines at Oglethorpe are 
subsumed into three categories: (1) course work which is nontraditional in its 
approach; (2) the Individually Planned Major, which pursues a course of study not 
comprehended in the regular academic disciplines; and (3) interdisciplinary 
majors, which typically combine two areas of study of multi-faceted academic 
inquiry. 



Interdisciplinary Courses 



1011. Fresh Focus 1 hour 

This class is required for all entering first-year students and is a small group 
activity also involving selected volunteer upperclass students and faculty. Students 
pick from among numerous topics with experiential and interactive as well as 
academic features. The first meeting of each Fresh Focus group is during new 
student orientation. The members of each group then meet for the first half of the 
semester to pursue their chosen topic and share related experiences. During the 
same period new students also will choose from a menu of 50-minute workshops 
on aspects of general subject areas, including leadership, health and wellness, 
careers, skills for academic success, and open houses in the academic divisions. 
Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. 

2011. Team Teaching for Critical Thinking 1 hour 

Student mentors assist faculty instructors in planning and teaching the 
special topics sessions of Fresh Focus or other freshman-level courses. They 
participate in training meetings prior to the beginning of the course, communi- 
cate with entering freshmen over the summer, attend all classes in their Fresh 
Focus section, and assist with the advising of freshmen throughout their first year. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

2019. Seminar for Student Tutors 1 hour 

Peer tutors at the Academic Resource Center spend two hours per week 
assisting other students, individually or in groups, with course material, papers, 
and preparation for examinations. In addition, they participate one hour a week 
in support and training meetings with the ARC directors and with instructors of 
the courses in which they tutor; they discuss how to work with texts in different 
disciplines, to encourage study group members to help each other learn, and to 
foster student engagement with active assimilation of course content and skills. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

3011. Interdisciplinary Studies: Special Topics 3 hours 

Courses that focus on materials and topics that are interdisciplinary in nature, 
transcending the boundaries of specific disciplines or academic divisions of the 
University, are offered under this rubric. 



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Individually Planned Major 



A student who wishes to pursue a course of study not included in one of the 
available majors may petition to receive permission to complete an individually 
planned major. 

Such a major must include at least 33 semester hours of course work beyond 
core requirements. At least 18 semester hours of the major must be completed in 
courses above the introductory level in a particular discipline. This discipline will 
be defined as the major's concentration. Graded course work in the major must 
have a grade-point average of at least 2.0. Course work that is included in the 
individually planned major may not be counted toward a second major or a minor. 

To apply for an individually planned major, the student, in consultation with 
his or her academic adviser, must complete an application, available at the 
Registrar's Office, to be approved by the chair of the division in which the 
proposed major's concentration is included and the Provost. This application 
should be submitted by the end of the second semester of the student's sopho- 
more year. The application must specify the following: 

1. The major's coverage and definition. 

2. The observed or expected conceptual linkages among the concentration 
and the other subject (s) included in the major. 

3. The expected outcomes of the completion of the major in terms of the 
student's intellectual growth and plans for graduate study or career. 

The student's academic adviser forwards the application to the appropriate 
division chair. The chair consults with the Provost; then the chair notifies the 
faculty adviser of the acceptance or rejection of the proposal, and the adviser 
contacts the student. 

The degree awarded upon successful completion of an approved individually 
planned major is Bachelor of Arts. 



Interdisciplinary Majors 



Interdisciplinary majors are offered in American Studies, Business Adminis- 
tration and Behavioral Science, Business Administration and Computer Science, 
International Studies, and Mathematics and Computer Science. Students who 
choose one of these majors should notify the Registrar so that an appropriate 
adviser may be assigned. 

American Studies 

The major in American Studies is designed to provide students with the 
opportunity to develop a systematic and in-depth understanding of American 
culture. By combining American studies courses and courses from relevant 
disciplines (history, literature, the arts, economics, and the social sciences), 
students may explore the relationships of diverse aspects of American life. 
Students also are able to pursue their special interests within American culture by 
developing an "area of concentration" that provides a specific focus for much of 
the work completed in fulfillment of major requirements. 

In addition to introducing students to the field of American studies, the major 
is designed to help students refine their fundamental intellectual skills, especially 



87 



their writing and speaking skills. Skills of this sort will serve the student well long 
after many specific facts, postulates, and theories have been forgotten. In short, 
as is consistent with Oglethorpe's stated institutional purpose, the American 
studies program seeks to prepare humane generalists — individuals who possess 
those basic qualities so necessary for leadership in a rapidly changing world. The 
degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following eight courses: 

2216 American History to 1865 

2217 American History Since 1865 
2472 The American Experience 

(to be taken in the freshman or sophomore year) 
3129 Studies in Fiction II (American) 
3217 The Age of Affluence: The United States Since 1945 
3523 United States Economic History 

4120 American Poetry 

4473 Senior Seminar in American Studies 

(to be taken in the junior or senior year) 

Completion of seven of the following courses also is required: 

2125 Modernism - 1890 to 1945 

2126 Contemporary Literature - 1945 to the Present 

2221 Constitutional Law 

2222 State and Local Government 
2471 The Family 

3131 Music in the 20th Century: 1900-1950 

3132 Music in the 20th Century: 1950 to the Present 
3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

3221 American Political Parties 

3222 Congress and the Presidency 

3223 United States Foreign Policy 
3621 Introduction to Education 

4121 Special Topics in Literature and Culture I 
4123 Major British and American Authors I 

4213 United States Diplomatic History 

4214 The American Civil War and Reconstruction 

4521 Money and Banking 

4522 Labor Economics 
4525 Public Finance 

Requirements for the minor include completion of The American Experi- 
ence (to be taken in the freshman or sophomore year) and four of the following 
seven courses: 

2216 American History to 1865 

2217 American History Since 1865 
3129 Studies in Fiction II (American) 

3217 The Age of Affluence: The United States Since 1945 

3523 United States Economic History 

4120 American Poetry 

4473 Senior Seminar in American Studies 

(to be taken in the junior or senior year) 



88 



Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

This major provides students with the knowledge and skills of the behavioral 
sciences as they may be applied in the business world. The major helps to prepare 
students for careers in business, especially those related to human resources, or 
for graduate study in business administration and applied psychology. 

The major consists of 1 1 required courses and four directed electives. The 
four directed electives should be carefully selected with the assistance of the 
faculty adviser and must be evenly divided between business administration 
courses and courses in behavioral sciences. A grade of "C" or better in each course 
in the major is required for completion of this major. The degree awarded is the 
Bachelor of Arts. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following 11 courses: 

Business Administration Courses 
1510 Business Law I 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 
Choice of: 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software or 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science or 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming 
2560 Management 

3550 Marketing 
Behavioral Science Courses 
2338 Statistics 

2473 Social Psychology 

3463 Psychological Testing 
Choice of: 

2464 Organizational Psychology or 

3472 The Sociology of Work and Occupations 
Choice of: 

2519 Management Science or 
3461 Research Design 
Two electives from business administration and two from behavorial science 
chosen from the following courses also are required: 

2465 Learning and Conditioning 
2472 The American Experience 

2474 Social Problems 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 
2542 Principles of Computer Programming 

3464 Psychology of Leadership 

3465 Theories of Personality 
3470 Culture and Society 
3478 Wealth, Status, and Power 
3510 Managerial Finance 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 
3527 Economic Development 
3552 Marketing Communications 



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3570 International Business 
4522 Labor Economics 
4556 Marketing Research 
Choice of: 

4465 Internship - Psychology or 

4590 Internship - Business Administration 

Business Administration and Computer Science 

The administration of business involves the collection, storage, analysis, and 
reporting of large volumes of financial as well as non-financial data. By combining 
courses in business administration and computer science, this interdisciplinary 
major acquaints students with the ways in which computer systems can assist in 
carrying out the accounting, finance, marketing, and management functions of 
business. An additional aim is to encourage innovative approaches to administra- 
tion that would be impractical without the computational capacity of the computer. 
The major requires completion of 16 courses; 13 specified courses and three 
directed electives, with a grade of "C" or better in each course. The degree 
awarded is the Bachelor of Business Administration. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following 13 courses: 
1333 Applied Calculus or 

1335 Calculus I 
2338 Statistics 
2519 Management Science 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming 

2560 Management 

3510 Managerial Finance 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 
3544 Principles of File Processing 
3550 Marketing 

4569 Strategic Management (to be taken in the senior year) 
Completion of three of the following five courses also is required: 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science 
3542 Introduction to Data Structures 

4540 Introduction to Systems Programming 

4541 Assembly Language and Computer Architecture 

International Studies 

International Studies is an interdisciplinary major which seeks to develop 
skills and perspectives essential to effective participation in the emerging 
multicultural business and social environment. The major helps to prepare 
students for careers in international commerce, the travel and convention busi- 
nesses, international banking and finance, and government. The major also 
provides an appropriate undergraduate background for the professional study of 



90 



business, public policy, and law. Students interested in this major should ask the 
Registrar to refer them to a faculty adviser who specializes in this major. The 
degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following five courses 
(including prerequisites): 

2223 International Relations 

3214 Europe Since 1918 

3223 United States Foreign Policy 

3470 Culture and Society 

3527 Economic Development or 

4523 International Economics 
Completion of four of the following courses also is required: 

2214 Special Topics in British History 

2226 Comparative Government 

3213 Europe in the 19th Century 

3220 Special Topics in Politics 

3570 International Business 

4172 The Third Republic and Its Institutions 

4173 The Fifth Republic and Its Institutions 

4174 Franco-American Relations in Trade and Culture 

4211 Modern German History 

4212 Russian History 

4213 United States Diplomatic History 
4216 Special Topics in History 

4218 Independent Study in History 

4223 Advanced Topics in International Relations 

4230 Internship - International Studies 

4239 Independent Study in International Studies 

4523 International Economics or 

other courses as approved by the adviser 
Note: Special topics and independent studv courses fulfill the requirements of the 
International Studies major only when they have a substantial international 
component. 
There is a rigorous foreign language requirement. Students must either 
undertake a study abroad experience with a substantial foreign language compo- 
nent after having demonstrated a proficiency equivalent of two years of study, or 
complete three years of foreign language study at Oglethorpe. 

A study abroad experience is required. A summer or semester at a foreign 
university is the preferred method of meeting this requirement. In addition, 
students must assemble a study abroad portfolio, which includes materials from 
the course work and a journal detailing the experience and the reflection on it. 
Students who receive financial aid at Oglethorpe should consult the Financial 
Aid Office early in the pursuit of this major to determine available funding for the 
study abroad experience. Generally, financial aid awarded for study at Oglethorpe 
University is not transferable for study abroad with another institution. 

Oglethorpe University maintains affiliations with the American Institute for 
Foreign Study, Seigakuin University in Tokyo, the Universidad de Belgrano in 
Buenos Aires, Argentina, the Haagse Hogeschool in the Netherlands, and the 
Lycee Margueritte in Verdun, France to aid students in identifying worthwhile 



91 



foreign study opportunities. Other programs in the recent past in which students 
have studied abroad include Brethren Colleges Abroad, International Intercul- 
tural Studies Program of the University System of Georgia, and the Centre 
Linguistique Pour Etrangers. Advisers who specialize in the international studies 
field can acquaint students with programs at these institutions and with a wide 
variety of additional overseas study programs. 

Note: Students who graduated from a secondary school located abroad at which 
the language of instruction was not English may satisfy the language 
requirement, with English as a Second Language I and II. They may satisfy 
the study abroad requirement via their residency in the United States. 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

Since its inception as an academic discipline, computer science has been 
closely associated with mathematics. Many of the field's pioneers are mathemati- 
cians by training. Indeed, modern computer science would not be possible 
without the existence of a number of mathematical developments once thought 
to be entirely theoretical in nature. 

The major in Mathematics and Computer Science is designed to acquaint 
students with the various linkages between computer science and mathematics 
and to enable students to understand more thoroughly their primary discipline, 
whether it is mathematics or computer science. Rigorous training in mathemati- 
cal thinking will provide the student with essential analytical tools and mental 
discipline, while the problem-solving skills that will be sharpened in the process 
of developing algorithms for computer applications will prove to be beneficial to 
students of mathematics. Students will become familiar with ways in which 
modern computational tools have made possible work in mathematics that would 
otherwise be prohibitively laborious. Understanding of the many mathematical 
structures that are essential to effective development and utilization of processes 
in computer science will be enhanced. The degree awarded is the Bachelor of 
Science. 

Requirements of the major include completion of the following courses: 

1335 Calculus I 

1336 Calculus II 

2331 Calculus III 

2332 Calculus IV 

2333 Differential Equations 
2335 Discrete Mathematics 

2542 Principles of Computer Programming 
3331 Complex Analysis or 

4333 Special Topics in Mathematics 

3334 Linear Algebra 

3335 Abstract Algebra 

3542 Introduction to Data Structures 
Completion of three of the following five courses also is required: 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

2541 Introduction to Computer Science 
3544 Principles of File Processing 

4540 Introduction to Systems Programming 

4541 Assembly Language and Computer Architecture 



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Division I 



Humanities 




American Studies 



For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in American 
Studies, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this 

Bulletin. 



Art 



The art program offers courses in art history and studio work to enhance the 
student's appreciation of works of art and to develop skills in a variety of media. 
The program is unique in its emphasis on realism which is achieved through the 
development of classical fundamentals in all studio courses. Studio courses stress 
concentration and self-discipline leading to eventual self-expression. The student 
who takes even one course as an elective can learn to draw, paint, or sculpt from 
reality while gaining confidence through understanding the basic concepts that 
create the illusion of reality. 

This program provides an in-depth understanding of art and its traditional 
principles and theories. Principles of Accounting I is strongly suggested enabling 
the art major upon graduation to have a practical education for immediate 
entrance into the arts. Several career options include professional artist (painter, 
draughtsman, photographer), art historian, or museum administrator. A gradu- 
ate will be prepared well for entering any of the art professions or graduate school. 

Artist-In-Residence 

Oglethorpe has originated an International Artist-in-Residence Program 
which enables an artist to create on campus for a semester. Each student has the 
opportunity to meet and discuss art and ideas with a professional practicing artist 
from another culture. The selected artist has a working space in the Faith Hall 
studio and has specific studio hours during the week when he or she is available 
to converse and share with the students and the public. The artist will have his or 
her work exhibited in the Oglethorpe University Museum. 

Major 

Requirements for the major in art include two drawing courses; three 
painting courses; Ways of Seeing: Perception, Composition, and Color; Modern 
Art History; two upper-level art history courses; Anatomy for the Artist; Figure 
Drawing; and Introduction to Photography. 

The Scientific Illustration Track with Biological Science Emphasis and the 
Scientific Illustration Track with Physical Science Emphasis are two programs 
which enable the student to combine art major requirements and specific science 
courses. These programs fulfill admission requirements for graduate school 
programs in medical and scientific illustration. Graduate experience is necessary 
to qualify for employment in these areas. 

Minor 

To minor in art one must concentrate in one of four areas: painting, art 
history, photography, or drawing. 

For a minor in painting, a student must take three painting courses, two 
drawing courses, one art history course, and one photography course. 



94 



For a minor in art history, a student must take three art history courses, one 
photography course, one drawing course, one painting course, and an additional 
course in painting, drawing or photography. 

For a minor in photography, a student must take three photography courses, 
two drawing courses, one painting course, and one art history course. 

For a minor in drawing, a student must take three drawing courses, two 
painting courses, one art history course, and one photography course. 

Upon consultation with art faculty, a student may substitute an independent 
study or special topics course for one of the requirements where appropriate. 

C181. Art and Culture 3 hours 

This course surveys the creative ways that human beings throughout history 
have attempted to depict their relationships to their surroundings. Art is thus 
viewed as a barometer of civilization, a visual, creative response to the intellectual 
and emotional climate of a given moment in history. Students will examine 
present ways of understanding themselves and the universe, the evolution of that 
understanding, and the conflicts involved. Basic artistic principles and concepts 
also will be studied in an effort to decide what has artistic value. Recommended 
for junior or senior year but should precede studio art courses. 

1182. Introduction to Drawing 3 hours 

Studio exercises, in-studio lectures, outside assignments, and critiques are 
designed to develop a basic understanding of drawing. Projects will be designed 
to explore concepts and theories of drawing and to develop the bridge between 
observation and creating an image. 

1183. Introduction to Painting 3 hours 

Studio exercises, in-studio lectures, outside assignments, and critiques are 
designed to develop a fuller understanding of the technical aspects of oil painting. 
A study of composition, color, drawing, and expression will be included. Emphasis 
will be on the development of a personal direction and self-confidence in 
painting. 

1185. Introduction to Photography 3 hours 

Laboratory exercises, in-class lectures, critiques and assignments are de- 
signed to develop an understanding of all aspects of photography, including 
composition and self expression. Emphasis will be on development of technical 
skills and a personal direction in photography. 

2181. Special Topics in Art History 3 hours 

An in-depth analysis of specific historical art periods will stress how major 
artists and trends were influenced by their times. Discussion of important events 
and ideas of significant individuals of the period will serve to provide the necessary 
background for a thorough comprehension of social and intellectual sources of 
art. Prerequisite: CI 81. 

2182. Independent Study in Drawing 3 hours 

Individual instruction in drawing techniques. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 



95 



2183. Independent Study in Painting 3 hours 

Individual instruction in painting techniques. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

2184. Modern Art History 3 hours 

An in-depth analysis of the art of the 19th and 20th centuries, stressing how 
major trends and major artists were influenced by their times. The course will 
begin with the advent of the Industrial Revolution and continue to the present. It 
will focus on the art and ideas of Ingres, Manet, Monet, Van Gogh, Gauguin, 
Cezanne, Picasso, Matisse, Dali, and Warhol. Prerequisite: C181. 

2185. Figure Drawing 3 hours 

An introductory drawing course covering the main concepts necessary for 
drawing the human figure: major anatomical surface landmarks, planar structure, 
proportion, mass, and volume. Students will work from both the clothed and the 
nude model. 

3180. Special Topics in Studio 3 hours 

Studio exercises, in-studio lectures, outside assignments, and critiques are 
designed to develop a basic understanding of various media, including sculpture, 
figure drawing, and various specialties of Artists-in-Residence. 

3181. Ways of Seeing: Perception, Composition, and Color 3 hours 

This course provides hands-on experience in understanding the visual world 
through the study of colors, two-dimensional design, and composition through 
the act of drawing, painting, and photography. 

3182. Anatomy for the Artist 3 hours 

Students will study the human skeletal system, musculature, proportion, and 
surface landmarks, and will draw from the life model. 

4181. Internship - Art 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 
a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 
business organizations, governmental departments and agencies or in other 
professional settings. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 



Dual Degree in Art 



Students seeking a broadly based educational experience involving the types 
of programs generally found at a college of arts and sciences as well as the 
specialized training offered by a professional college may wish to consider the dual 
degree program in art. Oglethorpe University and The Atlanta College of Art offer 
a joint program for students interested in a career in the visual arts. In this 
program, the student enrolls at Oglethorpe for two years, completes 61 semester 
hours of work, including the core requirements, and then enrolls at The Atlanta 



96 



College of Art. The dual degree program requires four regular academic years 
plus some summer courses. 

The student is required to complete three credit hours in Art and Culture and 
at least 12 credit hours in studio electives at Oglethorpe. Upon successful 
completion of all of the core requirements plus the aforementioned art courses, 
the student enrolls at The Atlanta College of Art and completes 75 credit hours 
in studio and art history courses. Placement in studio courses is dependent on a 
portfolio review. 

Upon completion of the joint program, the student receives the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts from Oglethorpe and the degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts from 
The Atlanta College of Art. Students participating in the dual degree program 
must meet the entrance requirements of both institutions. Dual degree students 
are advised at Oglethorpe by a faculty member in the field of visual arts. 

Communications 

A program in communications prepares students to express themselves 
effectively in speech and in writing. It encourages students to examine their own 
modes of communication and to analyze the communication of others, from 
individual utterances to mass media coverage. 

Graduates in communications generally go on to careers in journalism, 
public relations, advertising, mass media, corporate communications, and related 
fields. They also are prepared for further study in journalism or communications. 

All communications majors must also complete a minor course of study in any 
other discipline of their choice to enable them to apply their communication skills 
to a specific body of knowledge and to enhance employment possibilities. 

Although an internship is not required for the major, it is strongly recom- 
mended. 

Major 

The following courses are required: 

1151 Public Speaking I 

2190 Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 

2191 Intermediate Writing: Investigation 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

3151 Journalism Workshop 

3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

Two literature courses selected from upper-level (3000 or 4000) offerings 
Five courses selected from the following: 

1152 Public Speaking II 

1185 Introduction to Photography 

2473 Social Psychology 

3150 Introduction to Linguistics 

3152 Broadcast Media 

3192 Creative Writing 

3193 Biography and Autobiography 
3464 Psychology of Leadership 
3552 Marketing Communications 
4158 Special Topics in Communications 



97 



4159 Internship - Communications 
4190 Independent Study in Writing 
4198 Special Topics in Writing 
Also required for the major is the selection of a minor which supports the 
student's career plans. 

1151, 1152. Public Speaking I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

These courses seek to develop skills in the techniques of effective public 
speaking. The format is designed to produce a poised, fluent, and articulate 
student by actual experience, which will include the preparation and delivery of 
formal and informal talks on approved subjects. 

3150. Introduction to Linguistics 3 hours 

A study of the history of the English language, the rules of traditional 
grammar, and current linguistic theory. Special attention is paid to the relation- 
ship between language and cognition, theories of language acquisition, and the 
dialects of American English. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: C191. 

3151. Journalism Workshop 3 hours 

This course is a hands-on workshop involving the writing and publication of 
a campus newspaper, newsletter, or newsmagazine. It can be repeated by students 
for elective credit up to six hours but can only count once toward the communi- 
cations major or the writing minor. Prerequisite: 2191 or permission of the 
instructor. 

3152. Broadcast Media 3 hours 

This course is a hands-on workshop involving the writing and production of 
radio and/or television programs. It will introduce students to the practical 
problems involved in broadcast production, as well as raise theoretical questions 
and concerns about the use of media in the 1990s. Prerequisite: A writing or 
communications course beyond Analytical Writing. 

4158. Special Topics in Communications 3 hours 

This course will examine selected topics in journalism, communications, or 
media studies, such as The New Journalism, Mass Media and Popular Culture, 
Media and Marginalized Cultures, War Reporting, or Gender and Communica- 
tion. Prerequisite: A writing or communications course beyond Analytical Writing. 

4159. Internship - Communications 1-6 hours 

This course will provide students with the opportunity to gain hands-on 
experience in some aspect of the communications industry at, for instance, CNN, 
the Carter Center, or the Atlanta bureau of The New York Times. Graded on a 
satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervi- 
sor and qualification for the internship program. 



98 



English 



In literature courses, students examine written works to determine their 
meaning, to reach judgments about their value, to explore their relation to life, 
and to derive pleasure. To these ends, students make written and oral analyses, 
supporting their conclusions with close examination of specific passages from the 
works of literature being studied. In both literature and writing courses, students 
learn to compose their generalizations and supporting details into a coherent 
structure of thought and language. 

An English major at Oglethorpe is excellent preparation for law school or any 
other professional training that requires students to interpret written material 
and support their assertions with specific evidence. Given the expressed need in 
the business community for people who can communicate well orally and on 
paper, the combination of an English major and courses in business administra- 
tion or an accounting minor may be very attractive to prospective employers. The 
course Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions focuses on the kinds of 
speaking and writing abilities graduates will need to get and keep jobs in 
personnel, sales, and management. Oglethorpe graduates also work in public 
relations and editing, where they use their skill with words — a major emphasis of 
every English course. They go into teaching, and sometimes work for publishers, 
television stations, film-making companies, or computer firms. They write press 
releases, training manuals, in-house newspapers, and news copy. 

To help students bridge the gap between academic life and work experience, 
Oglethorpe places English majors in internships with area newspapers, publish- 
ing companies, public relations firms, cultural associations, and radio and television 
stations. Such experiences enhance students' chances of finding the jobs they 
want after graduation. 

Major 

Students who major in English are required to take Ancient and Medieval 
Literature - Homer to 1400; The Renaissance - 1400 to 1670; The Enlightenment 
and the Response of Romanticism - 1670 to 1815; Romantic and Victorian 
Literature - 1815 to 1890; and Modernism - 1890 to 1945. Students also are 
required to take one writing course beyond Analytical Writing; Shakespeare or 
Chaucer; and six electives from the upper-level (3000 and 4000) literature 
courses. 

Minor 

Students who minor in English are required to take a minimum of six of the 
literature courses listed below. At least three of these must be upper-level (3000 
and 4000) courses. Core requirements must be met with courses other than the 
courses in a student's English minor. 

1123. Independent Study in Literature and Composition 3 hours 

Supervised study in specified genres or periods. Papers use several different 
rhetorical strategies. 



99 



2121. Ancient and Medieval Literature - Homer to 1400 3 hours 

This course will trace the development of the self in early Western culture, 
that is, the broad movement from the socially constructed and masculine centered 
self of ancient Greek aristocracy to the introspective impulse of medieval confes- 
sion. Although the primary focus will be Western, non-Western materials might 
also be included. For instance, Islamic culture might be examined in its own 
context and for its considerable influence on the West. Works and authors might 
include: Gilgamesh, Homer, Job, Plato, Qur'an, The Tale of Genji, Dante, and 
Chaucer. Prerequisite: C191. 

2122. The Renaissance - 1400 to 1670 3 hours 

This course will examine the European Renaissance not simply as the 
emergence of the individual but as the turbulent attempt to recover and to create 
meaning amidst the wreckage of medieval order and the resulting destabilization 
of self and culture. Authors might include: Pico della Mirandola, Alberti, Erasmus, 
Machiavelli, Rabelais, Montaigne, Shakespeare, Cervantes, and Milton. Prerequi- 
sites: C191 and 2121. 

2123. The Enlightenment and the Response of Romanticism - 

1670 to 1815 3 hours 

This course will examine the development of the major literary genres of the 
Enlightenment. The urbane balance of neo-classical poetry and drama, the rise of 
the novel, and satire will be studied along with the interests of the early romantics 
in imagination, nature, and self-examination. Authors might include: Racine, 
Defoe, Pope, Montesquieu, Swift, Crevecoeur, Rousseau, Wordsworth, and Austen. 
Prerequisite: C191. 

2124. Romantic and Victorian Literature - 1815 to 1890 3 hours 

This course will explore the literature of Europe and America during the 19th 
century as it reflects the growth of industrialism, the expansion of America, 
European imperialism, the emergence of women, and the breakdown of religious 
certitude. Authors might include: Blake, Bronte, Emerson, Mill, Douglas, Flaubert, 
Eliot, and James. Prerequisites: C191 and 2123. 

2125. Modernism - 1890 to 1945 3 hours 

This course will examine the rich and varied attempts to reconstruct a 
narrative, dramatic, and poetic form representative of the complexities of the 
modern social world and the modern psychological subject. Authors might 
include: Conrad, Nietzsche, Freud, Beckett, Brecht, Woolf, Eliot, Stravinsky, and 
Joyce. Prerequisite: C191. 

2126. Contemporary Literature - 1945 to the Present 3 hours 

This course will engage the multitude of new voices which have emerged in 
the second half of the 20th century. Of particular interestwill be magical realism, 
feminist literature, self-conscious narrative, parody, and the absurd. Authors 
might include: Camus, Borges, Morrison, Rich, Nabokov, Silko, Kundera, Pynchon, 
Achebe, and Mishima. Prerequisites: C191 and 2125. 

3120. Russian Literature 3 hours 

This course will consist of Russian literature in translation (that which 
survives translation) , mostly fiction, mostly from the 19th century. Central to the 



100 



course is Anna Karenina. Typical authors in addition to Tolstoy will include Gogol, 
Turgenev, Chekhov, Solzhenitsyn. Prerequisites: One semester of any year-long 
sophomore literature course. 

3122. The Child in Literature 3 hours 

This course will involve a wide-ranging study of works which employ inno- 
cence, particularly in childhood, in order to deepen the understanding of 
experience. Typical readings will include Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus; and 
selections from Blake, Wordsworth, Freud, Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland, 
James' The Turn of the Screw, and Kafka's The Judgment. Prerequisite: One semester 
of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3123. Shakespeare 3 hours 

The plays and theatre of William Shakespeare. Offered in alternate years. 
Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3124. 3125. Studies in Drama I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

Drama as literature and as genre, through survey and period studies. Prereq- 
uisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3126, 3127. Studies in Poetry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

Courses which examine the method and effects of poetry by focusing on 
particular poets, movements, styles, or historical periods. Prerequisite: One 
semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

3128, 3129. Studies in Fiction I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

English, American, and continental narrative prose will be examined in the 
context of either a particular theme or an intensive concentration on a particular 
period or type, such as Bildungsroman, or the Victorian novel. Prerequisite: One 
semester of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

4120. American Poetry 3 hours 

This course will consider the work of major American poets such as Whitman, 
Dickinson, Frost, Wallace Stevens, T.S. Eliot, William Carlos Williams, as well as a 
number of contemporary ones, in the context of their lives and their countries. 
Analytical and creative written exercises will explore their efforts to find an 
emotional and spiritual home in America. Prerequisite: One semester of any year- 
long sophomore literature course. 

4121, 4122. Special Topics in Literature and Culture I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

Courses relating literature with aspects of social and intellectual history or a 
particular issue or theme. Possible offerings may include women in literature, 
American civilization, African-American (or other ethnic) literature, popular 
culture, the literature of a single decade, children's literature, and myth and 
folklore in literature. Usually offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: One semes- 
ter of any year-long sophomore literature course. 

4123, 4124. Major British and American Authors I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

An intensive study of between one and five English and/or American writers. 
Usually offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long 
sophomore literature course. 



101 



4125. Images of Women in Literature 3 hours 

An exploration of various stereotypical, archetypal, and realistic images of 
women in literature. Readings by both men and women authors will include short 
stories, novels, poetry, and plays. Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long 
sophomore literature course. 

4126. Chaucer 3 hours 

Students in this course will learn to read and appreciate the works of Geoffrey 
Chaucer, the first great English poet, in his original language; to enjoy the rich and 
varied nature of his works; and to appreciate why he is called "the Father of 
English." Prerequisite: One semester of any year-long sophomore literature 
course, preferably 2123. 

4127. The Literature of King Arthur and Camelot 3 hours 

This course will acquaint students with the medieval origins of the Arthurian 
legends, the best of the contemporary versions of the legends, and the origins and 
nature of change effected in legends over time. Prerequisite: One semester of any 
year-long sophomore literature course. 

4129. Internship - English 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 
a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 
business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings: for instance, the Atlanta Historical Society, Atlanta newspa- 
pers and television stations, and the Atlanta Botanical Garden. Graded on a 
satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervi- 
sor and qualification for the internship program. 



Foreign Languages 



Students must take a language proficiency examination on the day of 
registration or the first day of class. They will be placed in the course sequence 
according to their competence. Foreign students are not eligible to enroll in 
elementary and intermediate courses in their primary language. 

3104, 3105. Special Topics in Foreign Language, Literature, 

and Culture I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which topical aspects of the literature 
and cultural phenomena associated with a given language are explored. 

French 

A minor in French consists of the following courses: Intermediate French, 
Advanced French Conversation, and Advanced French Composition. Two other 
courses selected from the following list also are required: 

3173 Special Topics in French Language, Literature, and Culture 

4170 French Literature of the Ancien Regime 

4171 Modern French Literature 



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4172 The Third Republic and Its Institutions 

4173 The Fifth Republic and Its Institutions 

4174 Franco-American Relations in Trade and Culture 

Certain requirements may be met through an approved study abroad pro- 
gram. Students pursuing a minor in French are encouraged to spend a summer 
or semester studying in France or a French-speaking country. 

1170, 1171. Elementary French I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning college French designed to present a sound founda- 
tion in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing contemporary French. 
Prerequisite: None for 1170; 1170 required for 1171, or placement by testing. 

2170. Intermediate French 3 hours 

A review of major points of grammar as well as further practice in developing 
oral and written skills. Introduction to a variety of unedited French texts. 
Prerequisite: 1171 or placement by testing. 

3170. Advanced French Conversation 3 hours 

The development of oral skills through practice in group settings and 
individual class presentations. Students will learn to express themselves orally on 
a number of different topics. Prerequisites: 1171 and 2170, or placement by 
testing. 

3171. Advanced French Composition 3 hours 

Weekly writing assignments in French to be revised on a regular basis form the 
central activity of the course. A study of style and grammatical forms used 
exclusively in the written language completes the course work. Prerequisites: 1171 
and 2170, or placement by testing. 

3173. Special Topics in French Language, Literature, and Culture 3 hours 

A course in which topical aspects of the literature and cultural phenomena 
associated with the French language are explored. Offerings will vary according 
to faculty and student interest. 

4170. French Literature of the Ancien Regime 3 hours 

Selected texts from French literature prior to 1789 to be studied as examples 
of prose, poetry, and drama in the language. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 
1171 and 2170, or placement by testing. 

4171. Modern French Literature 3 hours 

Selected texts from French literature from 1789 to the present day to be 
studied as examples of prose, poetry, and drama in the language. Taught in 
French. Prerequisites: 1171 and 2170, or placement by testing. 

4172. The Third Republic and Its Institutions 3 hours 

A study of both political and cultural institutions in France from 1870 to 1940 
with emphasis on the traditions established by the new republican government in 
the late 19th century. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 1171 and 2170, or 
placement by testing. 



103 



4173. The Fifth Republic and Its Institutions 3 hours 

A study of both political and cultural institutions in contemporary France 
since the establishment of the present governing form in 1958. Emphasis on 
current issues under debate in France. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 1171 and 
2170, or placement by testing. 

4174. Franco-American Relations in Trade and Culture 3 hours 

An orientation to French business and cultural communities and consider- 
ations of existing connections with their American counterparts. The course 
includes an introduction to business French. Taught in French. Prerequisites: 
1171 and 2170, or placement by testing. 

German 

1100, 1101. Elementary German I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning college German designed to develop the ability to 
understand, speak, read, and write contemporary German. Prerequisite: None for 
1100; 1100 required for 1101, or placement by testing. 

2100. Intermediate German I 3 hours 

Practice in speaking and understanding German, accompanied by review of 
grammar. Reading and discussion of short literary texts. Prerequisite: 1101 or 
placement by testing. 

2101. Intermediate German II 3 hours 

Continuation of Intermediate German I. Practice in spoken German with 
added emphasis on writing. Reading materials include both contemporary topics 
and selections from literature. Video-taped materials provide further acquain- 
tance with German speakers and culture. Prerequisite: 2100 or placement by 
testing. 

3102, 3103. Special Topics in German Language, Literature, 

and Culture I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which topical aspects of the literature 
and cultural phenomena associated with the German language are explored. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

Japanese 

1106, 1107. Elementary Japanese I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning college Japanese designed to develop the ability to 
understand, speak, read, and write contemporary Japanese. Prerequisite: None 
for 1106; 1106 for 1107, or placement by testing. 

2106, 2107. Intermediate Japanese I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

These courses are a continuation of elementary Japanese, including vocabu- 
lary building, practice in writing Kana and Kan-Ji Chinese characters, and 
conversational exercises. Japanese manners are studied in class through use of the 
spoken language. Prerequisite: 1107 or permission of the instructor. 



104 



3106, 3107. Special Topics in Japanese Language, Literature, 

and Culture I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which topical aspects of the literature 
and cultural phenomena associated with the Japanese language are explored. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

Latin 

1108, 1109. Elementary Latin I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

A course in beginning Latin designed to present a foundation in classical 
Latin grammar and syntax and to introduce students to Roman literature and 
history. Prerequisite: None for 1108; 1108 required for 1109, or placement by 
testing. 

3108, 3109. Special Topics in Latin Language, Literature, 

and Culture I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which aspects of the literature and 
cultural phenomena associated with the Latin language are explored. Prerequi- 
site: Permission of the instructor. 

Spanish 

1175, 1176. Elementary Spanish I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

An elementary course in understanding, reading, writing, and speaking 
contemporary Spanish, with emphasis on Latin American pronunciation and 
usage. Prerequisite: None for 1175; 1175 required for 1176, or placement by 

testing. 

2175, 2176. Intermediate Spanish I, II 3 hours 

Studies of the idiomatic and situational usage of the Spanish language. 
Prerequisite: 1 176 or placement by testing for 2175; 2175 or placement by testing 
for 2176. 

2176. Intermediate Spanish II 3 hours 

Further studies of the idiomatic and situational usage of the Spanish lan- 
guage. Prerequisite: 2175 or placement by testing. 

3178, 3179. Special Topics in Spanish Language, Literature, 

and Culture I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A two-semester sequence of courses in which topical aspects of the literature 
and cultural phenomena associated with the Spanish language are explored. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 



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Music 

The music curriculum includes courses in music history, music theory, and 
performance. 

Minor 

To complete a minor in music a student must satisfy the following course 
requirements: 

2131 Music Theory I 

2132 Music Theory II 

2133 History of Music I 

2134 History of Music II 

3131 Music in the 20th Century: 1900-1950 or 

3132 Music in the 20th Century: 1950 to the Present 
A total of three semester hours of 1134 University Singers or 1136 Applied 
Instruction in Music also must be taken. 

C131. Music and Culture 3 hours 

The appreciation of music begins with an understanding of the creative 
process as a means of self-expression and the artist's relationship to the world. 
Using primary sources, guest lecturers, and artists, this course will examine the 
styles, trends, and developments of Western and international music from early 
civilizations through the 20th century. Study and discussion will begin to develop 
an understanding of how music and the cultural arts reflect and affect societal 
trends and values. 

1134. University Singers 1 hour 

Study and performance of sacred and secular choral music. The Oglethorpe 
University Chorale is auditioned from members of the University Singers. Prereq- 
uisite: Permission of the instructor. 

1135. Beginning Class Voice 1 hour 

An introduction to the basics of singing which includes posture, breath 
pressure, phonation, diction, tone, and intonation. A variety of easy vocal litera- 
ture will be studied and performed. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

1 136. Applied Instruction in Music 1 hour 

The study and practice of techniques and literature on an individual basis. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

2131, 2132. Music Theory I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A study of the materials and structure of music, including notation, scales, 
keys, rhythm, chord structure, basic harmonic progressions, elementary compo- 
sition, sight-singing, and keyboard skills. 

2133, 2134. History of Music I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A study of music with analyses of representative works from major historical 
periods. The first course covers the beginning of music through the Classical 
Period; the second course focuses on Beethoven and the Romantic Period. 
Prerequisite: C131 or permission of the instructor. 



106 



3131. Music in the 20th Century: 1900-1950 3 hours 

A study of music in the first half of the 20th century with analysis of 
representative works and emphasis on its relationship to contemporary life and 
thought. Prerequisite: C131 or permission of the instructor. 

3132. Music in the 20th Century: 1950 to the Present 3 hours 

A study of music in the second half of the 20th century with analysis of 
representative works and with special emphasis on its relationship to contempo- 
rary life and thought. Prerequisite: C131 or permission of the instructor. 

4130. Special Topics in Music 3 hours 

The study of a selected topic in music, such as Censorship and the Arts, 
Women in Music, World Music, Black Composers, Music and the Media. Prereq- 
uisite: C131 or permission of the instructor. 

4131. Independent Study in Music 1-3 hours 

This course is supervised research on a selected project or paper. It provides 
students an opportunity to study and analyze in depth a specific musical style, 
composer, work, etc. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4135. Internship - Music 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 
a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 
business organizations, governmental departments and agencies or in other 
professional settings: for instance, in a recording studio, in a company developing 
software designed for musicians, or in merchandising. Graded on a satisfactory/ 
unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and quali- 
fication for the internship program. 



Philosophy 



The philosophy program at Oglethorpe is intended to train the student in the 
skills of reading and understanding abstract, and often difficult, arguments. 
Students learn to think critically, to develop their own views, and to express their 
thoughts in clear, articulate prose. Although such skills are important in most 
occupations, philosophy is an especially good background for graduate study in 
business or law. 

Major 

The philosophy major consists of 10 courses in addition to Philosophical 
Conceptions of Reality and Human Life (C161) and Intermediate Writing: 
Persuasion (2190). These courses must include Ethics, Formal Logic, Ancient 
Philosophy (for which, if necessary, either Plato or Aristotle maybe substituted), 
and any two courses from Medieval Philosophy, Early Modern Philosophy, and 
19th-century Philosophy; plus five additional courses in philosophy. 



107 



Minor 

The philosophy minor consists of six philosophy courses beyond Philosophi- 
cal Conceptions of Reality and Human Life. These courses must include either 
Ethics or Formal Logic; any two courses from Ancient Philosophy, Medieval 
Philosophy, Early Modern Philosophy, or 19th-century Philosophy; plus three 
other philosophy courses. 

C161. Philosophical Conceptions of Reality and Human Life 3 hours 

This course will study the writings of four major thinkers, each of whom has 
attempted to work out a unified vision of reality and the place of human beings in 
it. The philosophers to be studied will be chosen from different periods in history 
and from different intellectual and cultural traditions; they may include such 
figures as Socrates, St. Augustine, Confucius, and Nietzsche. Studying the philoso- 
phies of these different thinkers will encourage students to reflect upon how they 
themselves view the world and their place in it and upon how their own ways of 
thinking have evolved from earlier systems of thought. 

2160. Ancient Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the development of philosophical thought in the West prior to the 
rise of Christianity, from the beginning of non-mythological speculation around 
500 B.C., through the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and the later 
Hellenistic period, to the Neoplatonism of Plotinus around 250 A.D. Prerequisite: 
C161. 

2161. Medieval Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of Christian philosophical thought in the West, from the develop- 
ment of Christian doctrine in the early centuries A.D. (including the contribution 
of Greek philosophy to early Christian thought) , through the rise of Scholasticism 
and its culmination in St. Thomas, to the late medieval Christian thought of Scotus 
and Occam. Prerequisite: C161. 

2162. Early Modern Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of philosophy in the West from the Renaissance to 1800, including 
Renaissance Humanism and the Reformation, the rise of science and its impact on 
subsequent thought, the "rationalist" systems of Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz, 
the "empiricist" systems of Locke, Berkeley, and Hume, and the critical philoso- 
phy of Kant. Prerequisite: C161. 

2163. 19th-century Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of Western philosophy in the 19th century, from the post-Kantian 
movement of German Idealism (Hegel), through Continental and British politi- 
cal and moral philosophy, the scientific philosophies of Positivism and Social 
Darwinism, the religious/anti-religious philosophies of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, 
and American Pragmatism. Prerequisite: C161. 

2164. Formal Logic 3 hours 

Provides the student with the basic methods of differentiating between valid 
and invalid argument forms. Both the traditional techniques and the newer 
symbolic methods are introduced. Prerequisite: C161. 



108 



2165. Ethics 3 hours 

A comparative study of the value systems of the past — those of Plato, 
Aristotle, Kant, Mill, and James among others — that may enable the student to 
arrive at a sense of obligation or responsibility. The implications of given systems 
for the problems of vocation, marriage, economics, politics, war, and race also will 
be discussed. Prerequisite: C161. 

2166. Plato 3 hours 

A study of the philosophy of Plato through a reading of his major dialogues. 
In addition to the "Socratic" dialogues, readings will include the Phaedo, Phaedrus, 
Symposium, Republic, and Timaeus. Prerequisite: CI 61. 

2167. Aristotle 3 hours 

A study of the philosophy of Aristotle through a reading of his major works. 
Readings will include portions of the Logic, Physics, DeAnima, Metaphysics, and 
Nicomachean Ethics. Prerequisite: C161. 

3160. 20th-century Analytic Philosophy 3 hours 

A study of the analytic or linguistic movement in 20th-century philosophy as 
developed primarily in England and America. Includes the philosophy of Bertrand 
Russell, logical positivism, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and the "ordinary language" 
philosophy of Austin and Ryle. Prerequisite: CI 61. 

3161. 20th-century European Philosophy 3 hours 

A study of European philosophy in the 20th century, including an interpre- 
tive and critical analysis of the philosophy of "Existenz. " Beginning with Kierkegaard 
and Nietzsche, traces the movements of existentialism and phenomenology 
through its major representatives such as Heidegger, Sartre, and Camus. Prereq- 
uisite: C161. 

3162. Philosophy of Religion 3 hours 

An inquiry into the general subject of religion from the philosophical point 
of view. The course will seek to analyze concepts such as God, holiness, salvation, 
worship, creation, sacrifice, eternal life, etc., and to determine the nature of 
religious utterances in comparison with those of everyday life: scientific discover)', 
morality, and the imaginative expression of the arts. Prerequisite: C161. 

3163. Metaphysics (Theory of Reality) 3 hours 

An intensive study of selected issues which are basic to our thought about 
ourselves and the world. Included will be such topics as personal identity, fate, the 
nature of space and time, and God as the cause of the universe. Prerequisite: CI 61 . 

3165. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason 3 hours 

A study of Kant's theoretical philosophy, his "metaphysics of experience," 
through a reading and analysis of his major work. An attempt will be made to 
discover which portions of Kant's philosophy can be accepted as valid and true in 
the light of present-day philosophy and science. Prerequisite: CI 61. 

3167. Indian Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of philosophical issues in the Veda and the Upanishads and in 
selected later works. Will include such modern thinkers as Gandhi, Radhakrishnan, 
and Tagore. Prerequisite: C161. 



109 



3168. Chinese Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the religious and philosophical thought of China, including both 
the early era (Laotzu, Confucius, and Chuangtsu) and modern Chinese philoso- 
phy. Prerequisite: C161. 

3169. Japanese Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the development of Japanese philosophy from the fifth century 
A.D. to the present, including the Western influence on Japanese thought since 
1877. Prerequisite: C161. 

3224. Political Philosophy I: Ancient and Medieval 3 hours 

An examination of the origins of philosophical reflection on the fundamental 
issues of politics, which is designed to lead to the critical consideration of the 
political views of our time. Among the topics discussed are the relationship 
between knowledge and political power and the character of political justice. A 
selection of the works of Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, and others are examined. 
Prerequisites: C271 and C272. 

3225. Political Philosophy II: Modern 3 hours 

A critical examination of the peculiarly modern political and philosophical 
stance beginning where Political Philosophy I concludes. Among the authors 
discussed are Machiavelli, Hobbes, Rousseau, Kant, and Nietzsche. Prerequisite: 
3224 or permission of the instructor. 

4161. Epistemology (Theory of Knowledge) 3 hours 

A study of various issues concerned with the nature and validity of human 
knowledge. The topics studied will include the distinction between knowledge 
and belief, arguments for and against scepticism, perception and our knowledge 
of the physical world, and the nature of truth. Prerequisite: C161. 

4162. Special Topics in Philosophy: Philosophers 3 hours 

Intensive study of the thought of a single important philosopher or group of 
philosophers. Prerequisite: C161. 

4163. Special Topics in Philosophy: Philosophical Issues and Problems 3 hours 

Studies of selected philosophical questions usually of special relevance to the 
present day. Has included courses such as Philosophy of History, War and Its 
Justification, and Philosophical Issues in Women's Rights. Prerequisite: C161. 

4165. Internship - Philosophy 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 
a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 
business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4166. Independent Study in Philosophy 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 



110 



Pre-seminary Studies 



Pre-seminary students should plan a curriculum with emphasis on philoso- 
phy, religion, English, and foreign language courses. A faculty adviser will aid in 
the selection of a particular field of study. For further guidance, the chair of the 
Humanities Division makes available a list of courses recommended by the 
American Association of Theological Schools. Juniors and seniors are encouraged 
to take internships related to their course work. 



Theatre 



Courses in theatre history, film, and characterization, combined with the 
University's unique apprenticeship program, offer students a study of theatre that 
is interactive in approach and broad in scope. Students who enter Oglethorpe 
with a background in theatre, as well as those with an interest but no experience, 
will find ample opportunities in the theatre program to develop their skills and 
expertise. As such, a theatre minor serves as an appropriate complement to a 
variety of majors in communications and the humanities, as well as a preparation 
for graduate and professional work in theatre. 

Minor 

Students are required to choose from courses as specified below: 
2140 Apprenticeship in Theatre (required once) 
2145 Special Topics in Theatre History (required twice) 

One course selected from the following: 

3123 Shakespeare 

3124 Studies in Drama I 

3125 Studies in Drama II 

Two courses selected from the following: 
2147 Contemporary Theatre and Film 

2149 Special Topics in Performance: Beginning Characterization 
2149 Special Topics in Performance: Advanced Characterization 

2140. Apprenticeship in Theatre 3 hours 

The apprenticeship is designed to provide a hands-on learning experience in 
theatre. Students may focus on one of three areas of responsibility: preparation 
and performance, technical design or theatrical management. Open to sopho- 
mores, juniors, or seniors only and may be taken for credit only once. Prerequisite: 
Permission of the instructor. 

2145. Special Topics in Theatre History 3 hours 

This course emphasizes the study of specific periods in theatrical history by 
examining dramaturgy, staging practices, costuming techniques, and acting 
styles. Periods covered may include: Ancient Greek and Medieval Theatre, the 
Elizabethans and the Spanish Golden Age, the Italian Renaissance and French 
Neoclassicism. 

2147. Contemporary Theatre and Film 3 hours 

Through a study of works by contemporary playwrights and directors, stu- 
dents are encouraged to examine various societal issues, as well as the ways in 
which we as a society choose to entertain ourselves. Topics vary, but may include: 



111 



Feminist Theatre, the Films of Steven Spielberg and Woody Allen, or the Artist as 
Social Critic. 

2149. Special Topics in Performance: 3 hours 

Beginning Characterization focuses on the training of the body and voice as 
tools used in characterization. Students will explore the basic principles and 
techniques of stage combat, mime, movement, vocalization, and contemporary 
characterization. Both scene and monologue work will be examined. 

Advanced Characterization allows students to work with texts from various 
periods in theatrical history, examining the movement, costuming, and manner- 
isms of each period and applying these observations to a performance of the texts. 
Periods studied will include: Greek, Roman, Medieval, Elizabethan, Restoration, 
18th- and 19th-century Melodrama, and Early 20th-century Realism. Prerequi- 
site: Beginning Characterization. 



Writing 



Minor 

The writing minor consists of five different courses beyond Analytical Writing 
(or equivalent) , chosen from among the following: 

2019 Seminar for Student Tutors (must be taken three times to 
constitute one writing minor course) 

2190 Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 

2191 Intermediate Writing: Investigation 
3151 Journalism Workshop 

3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

3192 Creative Writing 

3193 Biography and Autobiography 
4190 Independent Study in Writing 
4198 Special Topics in Writing 

P190. Basic Composition 3 hours 

This course emphasizes the fundamentals of grammar and composition. 
Students assigned to this course take it as a prerequisite to C191. 

C191. Analytical Writing 3 hours 

This course will teach expository prose. Emphasis will be on supporting 
assertions with concrete evidence from a variety of sources, including personal 
experience, interviews, the popular media, texts in academic disciplines, or 
experimental data. Students will explore the relation between interpretive gener- 
alizations and detail, learning to fit them to each other and seeking the truth about 
both. 

1198, 1199. English as a Second Language I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A course for international students. The "ESL" sequence is designed to 
prepare students for subsequent courses in English composition as well as for 
written assignments in college courses. 

2019. Seminar for Student Tutors 1 hour 

Peer tutors at the Academic Resource Center spend two hours per week 
assisting other students, individually or in groups, with course material, papers, 

112 



and preparation for exams. In addition, they participate one hour a week in 
support and training meetings with the ARC directors and with instructors of the 
courses in which they tutor. There, they discuss how to work with texts in different 
disciplines, to encourage study group members to help each other learn, and to 
foster student engagement with active assimilation of course content and skills. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

2190. Intermediate Writing: Persuasion 3 hours 

Expository writing for students who want to develop their skills beyond the 
level achieved in Analytical Writing; recommended background for upper-level 
writing courses. Emphasis will be on presenting clear, coherent, and logical 
arguments. Reading and writing will be drawn from a range of disciplines, and 
students will be asked to analyze and revise their own writing. Prerequisite: C191 
or equivalent. 

2191. Intermediate Writing: Investigation 3 hours 

Expository writing for students who want to develop their skills beyond the 
level achieved in Analytical Writing; recommended background for upper-level 
writing courses. Emphasis will be on learning a wide range of research techniques 
and purposefully presenting information to a variety of audiences in appropriate 
format and style. Students will be asked to define their own investigative projects, 
and to analyze and revise their own writing. Prerequisite: C191 or equivalent. 

3191. Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 3 hours 

A course for students who have mastered the basic skills and insights of writing 
and who wish to improve their ability to write clear, concise, persuasive expository 
prose. Oral presentations and practice in listening with accuracy constitute 
another element of the course. Weekly writing assignments. Prerequisites: C191 
and one year-long literature sequence. 

3192. Creative Writing 3 hours 

Introduction to the theory and practice of writing poetry and prose fiction. 
The student will be asked to submit written work each week. Prerequisites: C191 
and permission of the instructor. 

3193. Biography and Autobiography 3 hours 

An introduction to theories of biographical and autobiographical writing; 
practice in such forms of writing as the personal narrative, the profile, and the 
interview. The class will follow a workshop format; a portfolio of revised work will 
be presented for evaluation at the end of the session. Prerequisite: 2190 or 2191, 
or permission of the instructor. 

4190. Independent Study in Writing 3 hours 

Supervised independent writing project. Prerequisites: Permission of the 
instructor and the student must be pursuing a minor in writing. 

4198. Special Topics in Writing 3 hours 

Study of a selected topic in the field of writing, such as Scientific and 
Technical Writing, Oral History, Writing for Educators, or The Art of the Essay. 
The topic will vary from year to year. Prerequisite: 2190 or 2191, or permission of 
the instructor. 



113 



Division II 

History, Politics 
and International Studies 




American Studies 



For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in American 
Studies, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this 
Bulletin. 



History 



The study of history introduces students to important events of the past and 
the people who played significant roles in them. Embracing the principal fields of 
liberal education, the study of history enlarges one's understanding of political 
organizations, economic arrangements, social institutions, religious experiences 
and various forms of intellectual expression. 

The history faculty at Oglethorpe University seeks to make its students aware 
of the constantly changing interpretations of the past and acquaint them with the 
increasing uses of the discipline in such fields as law, journalism, public relations, 
art, theology, diplomacy, and public service. Particular stress is placed on a 
mastery of the techniques of research which enhance one's usefulness in many 
fields of professional life. Archival careers and postgraduate studies in history are 
options with which Oglethorpe students become familiar. 

Major 

Students majoring in history are required to take a minimum of eight history 
courses, exclusive of courses used to meet core requirements. These eight must 
include at least one European history and one American history course. Each 
student also is required to take Intermediate Writing: Investigation and five 
additional courses in related fields, as approved by the student's adviser. (Two 
foreign language courses beyond the first year maybe included among these five.) 

Minor 

To complete a minor five courses beyond the core requirement must be 
taken. 

C211. The Foundations of the West 3 hours 

This course will explore the history of the Western world from late antiquity 
to 1600, focusing on the rise of the Christian civilizations of Eastern and Western 
Europe and Islamic civilization. Special consideration will be given to the com- 
parative study of ideas, religion, political institutions, and patterns of social 
organization. Through the use of primary documents and critical scholarly works, 
students will gain first-hand knowledge of the tools and methods of historical 
research. 

C212. The West and the Modern World 3 hours 

This course covers the history of Western civilization (defined as all the 
societies descended from medieval Christendom) since 1600, with the focus on its 
modernization after 1789. This process destroyed the relative homogeneity of the 
old regime and fragmented the West along two fault lines: (1) socio-economic 
modernization, which varied profoundly between rich capitalist societies (Ger- 



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many, Britain, United States, Australia) and poor socialist, neo-feudal, or neo- 
mercantilist ones (Russia, Romania, Mexico, Brazil); and (2) political 
modernization, which could be liberal, communist, or fascist. Prerequisite: C211. 

2214. Special Topics in British History 3 hours 

An intensive investigation of a selected period or question in the history of 
Great Britain or the British Empire. Prerequisite: C212. 

2216. American History to 1865 3 hours 

A survey from Colonial times to 1865, concerned mainly with the major 
domestic developments of a growing nation. 

2217. American History Since 1865 3 hours 

A survey from 1865 to the present, concerned with the chief events which 
explain the growth of the United States to a position of world power. 

3211. The Renaissance and Reformation 3 hours 

A study of the significant changes in European art, thought, and institutions 
during the period from 1300 to 1650. Prerequisite: C212. 

3212. Europe 1650-1815 3 hours 

A course examining European society between the Reformation and the 
Napoleonic era. It will include the rise of the modern state, the economic 
revolution, constitutional monarchy, the Enlightenment, the Era of Revolution, 
and the Age of Napoleon. Prerequisite: C212. 

3213. Europe in the 19th Century 3 hours 

This course examines the domestic and foreign policies of the European 
Great Powers, new developments in politics and society, and the effects of the 
Industrial Revolution between the Congress of Vienna and World War I. Prereq- 
uisite: C212. 

3214. Europe Since 1918 3 hours 

An examination of European history since World War I, giving particular 
attention to the rise of the Communist, Fascist, and National Socialist movements 
in Russia, Italy, and Germany. It also will treat World War II and its aftermath. 
Prerequisite: C212. 

3217. The Age of Affluence: The United States Since 1945 3 hours 

An interdisciplinary study of American life since World War II that empha- 
sizes political, economic, and social developments. Foreign policy is considered 
principally with respect to its impact on domestic affairs. Prerequisite: C212. 

3218. Georgia History 3 hours 

This course is a chronological examination of the history of Georgia from the 
Colonial period to the 20th century. Emphasis is given to Old and New South 
themes, higher education development with attention to the history of Oglethorpe, 
the transition from rural to urban life, and Georgia's role in contemporary 
American life. Prerequisites: 2216, 2217, or permission of the instructor. 

3523. United States Economic History 3 hours 

A study of the origin and growth of the American economic system. The 
course provides a historical basis for understanding present problems and trends 
in the economy. Prerequisite: 1521. 



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4211. Modern German History 3 hours 

A survey of German history in the 19th and 20th centuries, focusing on the 
unification of Germany in the 19th century, the Bismarckian state, the two world 
wars, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, and the division and subsequent 
reunification of Germany after World War II. Prerequisites: C212 and one 
additional course in European history, or permission of the instructor. 

4212= Russian History 3 hours 

A survey of Russian history from the establishment of the Kievan state to the 
present. Special emphasis is placed upon the Soviet period, including such topics 
as the revolutions of 1917, the role of Lenin in the establishment of the Soviet 
state, the Stalin period, World War II, and developments up to the Gorbachev era. 
Prerequisite: C212. 

4213. United States Diplomatic History 3 hours 

A study of major developments in American diplomacy from the end of the 
Revolution until 1945. Prerequisite: C212; recommended prerequisite:: 2216 and 
2217. 

4214. The American Civil War and Reconstruction 3 hours 

A course for advanced history students emphasizing the causes of conflict, the 
wartime period, and major changes that occurred. Prerequisites: 2216 and 2217. 

4216. Special Topics in History 3 hours 

Courses offered by division faculty members to respond to topical needs of 
the curriculum. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4218. Independent Study in History 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

4219. Internship - History 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 
a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 
business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings. Recent examples have been internships with the Atlanta 
Historical Society and the Georgia State Archives. Graded on a satisfactory/ 
unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and quali- 
fication for the internship program. 

International Studies 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in International 
Studies, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this 
Bulletin. 

4230. Internship - International Studies 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 



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a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 
business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings. In recent years, students have interned with the Canadian 
Consulate, the Southern Center for International Studies, the Belgian-American 
Chamber of Commerce, andJETRO, the Japanese External Trade Organization. 
Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the 
faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4239. Independent Study in International Studies 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

Politics 

The study of politics at Oglethorpe University focuses on the interpretation 
of events, both past and current, from a perspective informed by the study of 
political thought and institutions. In addition, students in this discipline develop 
their capacity to compare analagous cases and to generalize. The ability to read 
difficult texts carefully and thoughtfully is especially important in political theory 
courses. Students of politics develop some tolerance for ambiguity and disagree- 
ment, while at the same time learning to appreciate the difference between 
informed and uniformed opinion. The study of politics provides good training for 
life in a world that is, for better or worse, shaped profoundly by political 
institutions. It is especially appropriate for those interested in careers in law, 
business, teaching, journalism, and government. 

To engage in career exploration and to learn more about practical politics, 
majors are encouraged to seek internships. Oglethorpe's location in metropoli- 
tan Atlanta means that a diverse array of internships is readily available to students. 
In recent years, students have interned with the Georgia State Legislature, the 
Department of Industry, Trade, and Tourism, and the League of Women Voters, 
as well as on various gubernatorial and legislative campaigns. In addition, the 
University is able to arrange numerous exciting opportunities through its affilia- 
tions with The Washington Center for Internships and the Washington Semester 
Program of American University. While students may earn up to 1 5 semester hours 
of internship credit, only six may count toward the fulfillment of major require- 
ments and three toward the fulfillment of minor requirements. 

Students majoring in politics also are encouraged to consider the possibility 
of studying abroad. Oglethorpe maintains affiliations with the American Institute 
for Foreign Study, Seigakuin University in Tokyo, the Universidad de Belgrano in 
Buenos Aires, Argentina, the Haagse Hogeschool in the Netherlands, and the 
Lycee Margueritte in Verdun, France to facilitate such study. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in politics are satisfactory completion of at least 
10 politics courses - at least two of which must be at the 3000 level and one at the 
4000 level - as well as four elective (non-core) courses in related subjects, no more 
than two of which may be in the same subject. These "related subjects" include all 



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history courses, as well as courses in philosophy, sociology, economics, quantita- 
tive methods, writing, or a foreign language, subject to the discretion of the 
student's adviser. 

All majors must take Introduction to Politics; courses in all four basic 
subfields of the discipline (American government, comparative politics, interna- 
tional relations, and political philosophy) must also be taken. 

Minor 

To receive a minor, students must take at least five politics courses. These 
courses must fall in at least three of the four basic subfields of the discipline 
(American government, comparative politics, international relations, and politi- 
cal philosophy). 

C271, C272. Human Nature and the Social Order I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

The courses in this year-long study are devoted to the careful study of classic 
texts that lie at the common roots of all the contemporary social sciences. The aim 
is to show how contemporary social science is a form of "moral inquiry" that 
responds to questions intelligent human beings have always asked. To this end, the 
focus will be on various compelling and distinctive treatments of the enduring 
questions about justice and the good life. The question will be posed whether 
there is a single or plural human good and whether this good (or these goods) can 
or must be pursued within the confines of a social or political order. Works will be 
studied by such thinkers as Aristotle, John Locke, Adam Smith, Alexis de 
Tocqueville, and Max Weber. 

1221. Introduction to Politics 3 hours 

An introduction to the fundamental questions of politics through an exami- 
nation of the American founding and political institutions. 

2221. Constitutional Law 3 hours 

A systematic analysis of the place of constitutionalism in American govern- 
ment and politics. The Constitution as well as the Supreme Court's attempts to 
interpret and expound it are examined. Prerequisite: 1221. 

2222. State and Local Government 3 hours 

A survey of the origin, development, and characteristic problems of state and 
local government in the United States. Prerequisite: 1221. 

2223. International Relations 3 hours 

An introduction to the great debates about how to explain, conduct, and 
evaluate foreign policy. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of nuclear 
weapons in the contemporary world and the question of why wars do and do not 
occur. Recommended prerequisite: C212. 

2226. Comparative Government 3 hours 

An introduction to the study of the politics of countries other than the United 
States. The politics of Great Britain, France, Germany, Japan, the former Soviet 
Union, China, and selected third world governments are examined. Prerequisites: 
C212 and 1221. 



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3220. Special Topics in Politics 3 hours 

Courses offered by division faculty members to respond to topical needs of 
the curriculum. Recent courses include Business and Politics, Theorists of Inter- 
national Order, American Political Thought, and Latin American Politics and 
Society. 

3221. American Political Parties 3 hours 

An in-depth study of the development of party organizations in the United 
States and an analysis of their bases of power. Prerequisite: 1221. 

3222. Congress and the Presidency 3 hours 

An examination of the original arguments for the current American govern- 
mental structure and the problems now faced by these institutions. Prerequisite: 
1221. 

3223. United States Foreign Policy 3 hours 

A history of American foreign policy since 1945. Emphasis in this course is on 
the description, explanation, and evaluation of events and policies, not the study 
of policy-making as such. 

3224. Political Philosophy I: Ancient and Medieval 3 hours 

An examination of the origins of philosophical reflection on the fundamental 
issues of politics, designed to lead to critical consideration of present day political 
views. Among the topics discussed are the relationship between knowledge and 
political power and the character of political justice. Works by Plato, Aristotle, 
Saint Thomas Aquinas, and others are examined. Prerequisites: C271 and C272. 

3225. Political Philosophy II: Modern 3 hours 

A critical examination of the peculiarly modern political and philosophical 
stance, beginning where Political Philosophy I concludes. Among the authors 
discussed are Machiavelli, Hobbes, Rousseau, Kant, and Nietzsche. Prerequisite: 
3224 or permission of the instructor. 

4220. Internship - Politics 1-6 hours 

An internship is designed to provide students a formalized, experiential 
learning opportunity. Students are employed or volunteer in standard work 
situations with cooperating political organizations, governmental departments 
and research institutions, or in other professional settings. In recent years, 
students have interned with the offices of Senators Sam Nunn and Paul Coverdell, 
in the Georgia State Legislature, at The Carter Center, with the League of Women 
Voters, and in various departments of the Georgia state government. Graded on 
a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty super- 
visor and qualification for the internship program. 

4221. Business and Politics 3 hours 

In this course, the role of business groups in public affairs and the role of 
government in business affairs will be examined. Discussion will include the 
structure of interest groups, their lobbying activities, and the politics of regula- 
tion, among other topics. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 



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4223. Advanced Topics in International Relations 3 hours 

An in-depth treatment of one or more of the issues introduced in Interna- 
tional Relations. Topics vary from year to year. Prerequisite: 2223 or 3223. 

4224. Studies in Political Philosophy 3 hours 

An intensive examination of a text or theme introduced in the Political 
Philosophy sequence. Among the topics have been Rousseau's Emile, Kantian 
political philosophy, and Machiavelli's Discourses. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

4229. Independent Study in Politics 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

Pre-law Studies 

Students planning to enter law school after graduation from Oglethorpe 
should realize that neither the American Bar Association nor leading law schools 
endorse a particular pre-law major. The student is advised, however, to take 
courses that enhance the basic skills of a liberally educated person: reading with 
comprehension, writing, speaking, and reasoning. The student is encouraged to 
become more familiar with political, economic, and social institutions as they have 
developed historically and as they function in contemporary society. 

Students interested in pursuing a legal career should ask the Registrar for the 
names of faculty members serving as pre-law advisers. 



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Division III 



Science and Mathematics 




The natural sciences and mathematics are integral parts of our complex and 
changing society. In keeping with the University's purpose of preparing humane 
generalists, the Division of Science and Mathematics introduces students both to 
the methods of inquiry of mathematics and science and also to the results of the 
efforts of scientists to understand physical and biological phenomena. Further, 
for students who major in one of the natural sciences or mathematics, the 
division's goals are to provide a thorough background in the major field and to 
assist students in clarifying and achieving their career goals. 

To ensure orderly completion of a major in one of the fields of the natural 
sciences or mathematics, the student should consult with the appropriate faculty 
members in the division at the time of the first registration. Careful planning of 
the program of study is important, so that the student is aware of departmental and 
divisional requirements and allowable options within the major. Each student 
must complete the core requirements as well as those departmental and divisional 
requirements that apply to the specific degree. 

Three semesters of the course Science Seminar are required for all science 
majors. A grade of "C-" or higher must be obtained in each freshmen- and 
sophomore-level science or mathematics course that is required for the major or 
minor; these courses are numbered 1000 through 3000 in each field within the 
division. A grade-point average of 2.0 or higher in all courses listed as required for 
the major must be achieved in order to graduate in one of the fields within the 
division. 

Students who are interested in medical or scientific illustration are encour- 
aged to consider the Scientific Illustration Tracks that are offered within the Art 
Major which is described in the Division I section of this Bulletin. 

Allied Health Studies 

Students who plan to attend professional schools of nursing, physical therapy 
or other allied health fields should plan their programs at Oglethorpe with the 
assistance of the faculty member serving as the Allied Health Adviser. The name 
of this adviser can be obtained at the Registrar's Office. 

In allied health fields, successful completion of the program in an accredited 
professional school and a minimum of 60 semester hours credit earned at 
Oglethorpe are required to earn the Bachelor of Arts degree with an individually 
planned major in two relevant disciplines. 



Biology 



The curriculum in biology provides a foundation in both classical and 
contemporary biological concepts and prepares the student for continuing 
intellectual growth and professional development in the life sciences. These goals 
are achieved through completion of a set of courses that provide a comprehensive 
background in basic scientific concepts through lectures, discussions, writing, and 
laboratory work. The program supplies the appropriate background for employ- 
ment in research institutions, industry, and government; the curriculum also 
prepares students for graduate school and for professional schools of medicine, 
dentistry, veterinary medicine, and the like. Students planning to attend graduate 
or professional schools should recognize that admission to such schools is often 



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highly competitive. Completion of a biology major does not ensure admission to 
these schools. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in biology are as follows: in sequence, General 
Biology I and II, Genetics, Microbiology, Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy, 
Human Physiology plus three additional directed biology courses; General Chem- 
istry I and II (with laboratories), Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories), 
Elementary Quantitative Analysis; General Physics I and II; Statistics and a course 
in calculus; three semester hours of Science Seminar. (Two of the above listed 
courses, General Biology I and General Chemistry I, fulfill core requirements and 
are therefore not part of the major per se.) 

Minor 

The requirements for a minor in biology are General Biology I and II, 
Genetics, and Microbiology; students minoring in biology are not exempt from 
the prerequisites for the biology courses and thus also will complete General 
Chemistry I and II (with laboratories) and Organic Chemistry I and II (with 
laboratories). 

1311, 1312. General Biology I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

An introduction to modern biology, these courses include the basic prin- 
ciples of plant and animal biology, with emphasis on structure, function, 
evolutionary relationships, ecology, and behavior. Lectures and laboratory. Pre- 
requisite: 1311 must precede 1312, and it is recommended that the courses be 
completed in consecutive semesters. 

2311. Genetics 4 hours 

An introduction to the study of inheritance. The classical patterns of Mende- 
lian inheritance are related to modern molecular genetics and to the control of 
metabolism and development. Prerequisites or corequisites: 1312, 1322, 2324. 

2312. Microbiology 4 hours 

An introduction to the biology of viruses, bacteria, algae, and fungi. Consid- 
eration is given to phylogenetic relationships, taxonomy, physiology, and economic 
or pathogenic significance of each group. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites 
or corequisites: 2311 and 2325. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and 
discussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one hour 
of credit is given per semester) maybe scheduled at any time after the student has 
completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. Meetings of the 
science seminar are normally held twice each month during the regular academic 
year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and defend a paper for 
at least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period of enrollment; 
other seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, including members of 
the science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis the first two 
semesters; the third semester is letter-graded. 



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3311. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 4 hours 

An intensive study of the structural aspects of selected vertebrate types. These 
organisms are studied in relation to their evolution and development. The 
laboratory involves detailed examination of representative vertebrate specimens. 
Prerequisites: 2312 and 2325. 

3312. Human Physiology 4 hours 

A detailed analysis of human functions that deals primarily with the interac- 
tions involved in the operation of complex human systems. Lecture and laboratory. 
Prerequisites: 1341, 2325, and 3311. 

3313. Embryology 4 hours 

A course dealing with the developmental biology of animals. Classical obser- 
vations are considered along with more recent experimental embryology in the 
framework of an analysis of development. In the laboratory, living and prepared 
examples of developing systems in representative invertebrates and vertebrates 
are considered. Prerequisites: 2312 and 2325. 

3316. Cell Biology 4 hours 

An in-depth consideration of cell ultrastructure and the molecular mecha- 
nisms of cell physiology. Techniques involving the culturing and preparation of 
cells and tissues for experimental examination are carried out in the laboratory. 
Prerequisites: 2312 and 2325. 

3317. Vascular Plants 4 hours 

The biology of vascular plants is considered at levels of organization ranging 
from the molecular through the ecological. Studies of anatomy and morphology 
are pursued in the laboratory, and an independent project concerning plant 
hormones is required. Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. Prereq- 
uisites: 2312 and 2325. 

3319. Special Topics in Biology 1-4 hours 

Advanced course and laboratory work, including independent studies, in 
various areas of biology. Approval by the student's faculty adviser and the chair of 
the division is required for off-campus activities. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

4312. Ecology 4 hours 

A course dealing with the relationships between individual organisms and 
their environments. The emphasis is on the development of populations and 
interactions between populations and their physical surroundings. Lecture and 
laboratory. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisites: 2312 
and 2325. 

4314. Evolution 4 hours 

A course dealing with the various biological disciplines and their meaning in 
an evolutionary context. Also, a consideration of evolutionary mechanisms and 
the various theories concerning them. Prerequisites: 2311, 2312, and 2325. 

4315. Biochemistry 4 hours 

An introduction to the chemistry of living systems, this course will investigate 
the synthesis, degradation, and functions of various molecules within living 



125 



organisms. Central metabolic pathways and enzyme reaction mechanisms also will 
be studied. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: 1312 and 2325; recommended 
prerequisite: 2321. 



Chemistry 



The chemistry program covers four general areas of chemistry: inorganic, 
organic, physical, and analytical. The first half of a student's chemistry curriculum 
involves courses which present the fundamentals of the various areas. The second 
half of the curriculum consists of advanced courses which cover specialized topics 
in chemistry. In addition to factual knowledge about chemistry, the student gains 
an understanding about the scientific method and a systematic approach to 
research. A large portion of the chemistry curriculum includes laboratory courses. 
These courses teach the techniques and skills used in chemical experimentation. 

A student who has completed the Bachelor of Science program in chemistry 
has several career options. These options include technical or analytical work in 
a chemical laboratory and non-research positions in the chemical industry such 
as sales or marketing. Another option is to enter a graduate or professional school. 
Graduates interested in doing chemical research should pursue the M.S. or Ph.D. 
degrees. Those interested in professions such as medicine or dentistry, would 
enter the appropriate professional school after receiving the Bachelor of Science 
degree. Lastly, the chemistry major is an excellent preparation for careers as 
diversified as patent law and teaching. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in chemistry are as follows: General Chemistry 
I and II (with laboratories), Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories), 
Elementary Quantitative Analysis, Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis, 
Physical Chemistry I and II (with laboratory), Inorganic Chemistry (with labora- 
tory) , Advanced Organic Chemistry and Organic Spectroscopy, and three semester 
hours of Science Seminar. (General Chemistry I fulfills the core requirement in 
physical science and is therefore not a requirement of the major per se.) 

Minor 

The requirements for a minor in chemistry are as follows: General Chemistry 
I and II (with laboratories), Organic Chemistry I and II (with laboratories), 
Elementary Quantitative Analysis, and one additional three- or four-semester 
hour chemistry course. 

1321, 1322. General Chemistry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

An introduction to the fundamental principles of chemistry, including a 
study of the theories of the structure of atoms and molecules and the nature of the 
chemical bond; the properties of gases, liquids, and solids; the rates and energet- 
ics of chemical reactions; the properties of solutions; chemical equilibria; electro- 
chemistry, and the chemical behavior of representative elements. Prerequisites or 
corequisites: 1331, 1332, L321 and L322. 



126 



L321, L322. General Chemistry Laboratory I, II 1 plus 1 hour 

The laboratory course is designed to complement 1321 and 1322. Various 
laboratory techniques will be introduced. Experiments will demonstrate concepts 
covered in the lecture material. Corequisites: 1321 and 1322. 

2321. Elementary Quantitative Analysis 5 hours 

An introduction to elementary analytical chemistry, including gravimetric 
and volumetric methods. Emphasis in lectures is on the theory of analytical 
separations, solubility, complex, acid-base, and redox equilibria. The course 
includes two three-hour laboratory periods per week, during which analyses are 
carried out illustrating the methods discussed in lecture. Intended for both 
chemistry majors and those enrolled in pre-professional programs in other 
physical sciences and in the health sciences. Prerequisite: 2325. 

2322. Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis 3 hours 

A discussion of the principles and applications of modern instrumentation 
used in analytical chemistry. Methods discussed are primarily non-optical, includ- 
ing an overview of electrochemistry; potentiometric methods, including use of pH 
and other ion meters; electrogravimetry; coulometry; polarography; amperometry; 
and gas- and liquid-chromatography. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered 
years. Prerequisite: 2321. 

2324, 2325. Organic Chemistry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

An introductory course in the principles and theories of organic chemistry. 
The structure, preparation, and reactions of various functional groups will be 
investigated. Emphasis will be on synthesis and reaction mechanisms. Prerequi- 
sites: 1321 and 1322. Corequisites: L324 and L325. 

L324, L325. Organic Chemistry Laboratory I, II 1 plus 1 hour 

The laboratory course is designed to complement 2324 and 2325. Various 
techniques, such as distillation, extraction, and purification, are studied in the 
first semester. The second semester involves synthesis and identification of a 
variety of organic compounds. Corequisites: 2324 and 2325. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and 
discussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (forwhich one hour 
of credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the student has 
completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. Meetings of the 
science seminar are normally held twice each month during the regular academic 
year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and defend a paper for 
at least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period of enrollment; 
other seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, including members of 
the science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis the first two 
semesters; the third semester is letter-graded. 

3322, 3323. Physical Chemistry I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A systematic study of the foundations of chemistry. Particular attention is paid 
to thermodynamics, including characterization of gases, liquids, solids, and 
solutions of electrolytes and nonelectrolytes; the First, Second, and Third Laws; 
spontaneity and equilibrium; phase diagrams and one- and two-component 



127 



systems; electrochemistry; and an introduction to the kinetic theory and statistical 
mechanics. Additionally, both phenomenological and mechanistic kinetics are 
presented, as is a brief introduction to quantum mechanics. Prerequisites: 1336, 
2325, and 2342. 

3325. Physical Chemistry Laboratory 2 hours 

Intended to complement the physical chemistry lecture course, this course 
provides the student with an introduction to physico-chemical experimentation. 
Corequisite: 3323. 

4321. Inorganic Chemistry 3 hours 

A study of the principles of modern inorganic chemistry, including atomic 
structure; molecular structure; ionic bonding; crystal structures of ionic solids, a 
systematic study of the behavior of inorganic anions; coordination chemistry, 
including structure and mechanisms of aqueous reactions; and acids and bases. 
Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. Prerequiste or corequisite: 
3323. 

4322. Advanced Organic Chemistry 4 hours 

A discussion of selected reactions and theories in organic chemistry. Empha- 
sis is placed on reaction mechanisms and reactive intermediates encountered in 
organic synthesis. The course includes one three-hour laboratory period per week 
for independent organic synthesis and mechanistic studies. Offered fall semester 
of even-numbered years. Prerequisite: 2325. 

4323. Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory 2 hours 

Intended to complement the inorganic chemistry course, this course pro- 
vides experience in the methods of preparation and characterization of inorganic 
compounds. Corequisite: 4321. 

4324. Organic Spectroscopy 4 hours 

A course dealing with several spectroscopic methods as applied to organic 
molecules. The principles and interpretation of ultra-violet, visible, infrared, 
mass, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra will be studied. This course 
includes one three-hour laboratory period per week using various spectrometers 
for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered 
years. Prerequisites: 2325. 

4325. Advanced Topics in Chemistry 1-4 hours 

Advanced topics will be offered in the following fields: Organic Chemistry, 
Organic Qualitative Analysis, Biochemistry, Theoretical Chemistry, and Advanced 
Inorganic Chemistry. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4327. Independent Study in Chemistry 1-3 hours 

This course is intended for students of senior standing who wish to do 
independent laboratory and/or theoretical investigations in chemistry. Prerequi- 
site: Permission of the instructor. 



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Dual Degree in Engineering 



Oglethorpe is associated with the Georgia Institute of Technology, the 
University of Florida, Auburn University, Mercer University, and the University of 
Southern California in combined programs of liberal arts and engineering. The 
programs require the student to complete three years at Oglethorpe University 
and the final two years at one of these engineering schools. The three years at 
Oglethorpe include core curriculum courses, General Chemistry I and II, College 
Physics I and II, Calculus I-TV, and a choice of Differential Equations or Linear 
Algebra. The two years of technical education require the completion of courses 
in one of the branches of engineering. Additionally, Oglethorpe has an agree- 
ment with the Georgia Institute of Technology for dual degrees in various areas 
of applied sciences and economics. 

In this combined plan, the two degrees which are awarded upon the success- 
ful completion of the program are the degree of Bachelor of Arts by Oglethorpe 
University and the degree of Bachelor of Science in Engineering by the engineer- 
ing school. Because the required pre-engineering curricula of the five affiliated 
schools are slightly different, the student is advised to consult frequently with the 
faculty member serving as dual degree engineering program adviser. 

Engineering is a difficult subject. Students can maximize their chances for 
success by starting at Oglethorpe where the faculty's primary concern is effective 
teaching and working closely with students. Classes are small, and laboratories 
offer the opportunity for hands-on experience with sophisticated equipment. 
This strong foundation gives the student an excellent preparation for professional 
school, resulting in more effective learning in advanced engineering courses. As 
a liberal arts and sciences university, Oglethorpe stresses broad education for 
intelligent leadership. Here, the student will explore the fundamental fields of 
knowledge, further his or her understanding of science and mathematics, and 
refine the abilities to read, write, speak, and reason with clarity. This preparation 
will serve the student well in any career but particularly so in the engineering field. 
With strong preparation in engineering plus a liberal arts education, the student 
will be ready for a variety of career positions. The dual degree engineering 
program provides an education that is both broad and deep - a combination that 
will serve the graduate well as career responsibilities increase. 



General Science 



The physical science and biological science courses are appropriate for 
students who have a good background in algebra but a minimal one in other 
sciences. Students with excellent preparation in the sciences may elect one of the 
regular lecture-and-laboratory courses in biology, chemistry, or physics. Such 
courses fulfill the core requirements that also can be met by the physical science 
and biological science courses. 

C351. Natural Science: The Physical Sciences 3 hours 

This topically-oriented course will examine the many facets of scientific 
investigation. These include the underlying assumptions, the limitations, the 
provisional nature, and the power of the scientific process, as well as the influences 
of science on other aspects of human activity. Experimentation is the hallmark of 



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scientific investigation. As such, laboratory experimentation will be a distinguish- 
ing feature of this course. Course time devoted to experimentation in the 
laboratory, as well as inside and outside the classroom, will intertwine with time 
devoted to discussion and lecture. Natural Science: The Physical Sciences will deal 
with a topic drawn from the physical sciences. These will include but not be limited 
to: Chemistry, Descriptive Astronomy, History of Science, Meteorology, Modern 
Scientific Perspectives of the Universe, and Oceanography. Prerequisite: 1332 or 
by examination. 

C352. Natural Science: The Biological Sciences 3 hours 

This course is designed to examine the many facets of scientific investigation. 
Laboratory experimentation will be an important feature, with course time 
devoted to experimentation in the laboratory as well as the classroom. Rather than 
a survey of the entire field of biology, this effort will be directed toward specific 
topics such as, but not limited to: Cancer, Cell Biology, Human Biology, Ecology, 
and Evolution. 

4356. Internship - Science 1-6 hours 

Internships in the natural sciences and mathematics provide students the 
opportunity to acquire valuable experiences in areas that are of special interest to 
them. Under the guidance of a faculty supervisor and an on-site director, 
structured activities are planned to ensure that learning objectives are achieved. 
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Georgia Mental Health 
Institute and numerous medical, industrial, and research facilities have welcomed 
Oglethorpe students as interns. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. 
Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the 
internship progam. 

Mathematics 

Mathematics is both an art and a science. Students taking mathematics 
courses at Oglethorpe will encounter both the art of creative thought and the 
science of logical thought. Problem-solving capabilities are developed in math- 
ematics courses. Since such skills are essential in all fields of endeavor, mathematics 
makes an important contribution to a liberal arts education. 

In particular, mathematics provides fundamental tools for analysis of prob- 
lems in the physical, biological, and social sciences, as well as in such areas as 
economics and business. Also, opportunities are provided to pursue the more 
theoretical aspects of mathematics, which are integral to its further development. 

A major in mathematics provides a core of mathematics essential for graduate 
study or immediate employment. Students with mathematical training at the 
undergraduate level are sought by employers in business, government, and 
industry. Career opportunities for mathematics majors exist in areas such as 
computer programming, operations research, statistics, and applied mathematics. 
Note: For a reading of Oglethorpe's required level of mathematics proficiency 
(Mathematics Proficiency Requirement), please see the Academic Regula- 
tions and Policies section of this Bulletin. 



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Major 

The object of the course of studies leading to a major in mathematics is to 
provide the student with a comprehensive background in classical analysis and a 
broad introduction to the topics of modern and contemporary mathematics. The 
following mathematics courses are required: Calculus I, II, III, and IV, plus 
Differential Equations, Discrete Mathematics, Linear Algebra, Abstract Algebra, 
Complex Analysis, and Special Topics in Mathematics. Students also are required 
to take three semester hours of Science Seminar. In addition, students are 
required to take one of the following four courses: College Physics I, College 
Physics II, Principles of Computer Programming, or Statistics. 

Minor 

The required course work for a minor in mathematics consists of Calculus I, 
II, III, and IV plus two of the following: Differential Equations, Discrete Mathemat- 
ics, Linear Algebra, Abstract Algebra, Complex Analysis, or Special Topics in 
Mathematics. 

P331. Intermediate Algebra 3 hours 

This introductory course, covering intermediate algebra preparatory to a 
college algebra course, will (1) offer students review and reinforcement of 
previous mathematics learning, and (2) provide mature students with a quick but 
thorough training in basic algebra skills. 

1331. College Algebra 3 hours 

A course designed to equip students with the algebra skills needed for 
calculus. Topics include graphing, functions, exponential and logarithmic func- 
tions, systems of equations and inequalities, zeros of polynomials, and sequences. 
Prerequisite: P331 or by examination. 

1332. Analytic Geometry 3 hours 

Analytic Geometry is the study of the relationship between the two principal 
branches of classical mathematics: algebra and geometry. The course will begin 
with a brief review of algebra and some of the major theorems of Euclidean 
geometry. The Cartesian plane will then be introduced, which is the arena in 
which algebra and geometry merge. The course will consider the following topics: 
lines, circles, parabolas, ellipses, hyperbolas, vectors, transformation of coordi- 
nates, and polar coordinates, complex numbers, trigonometric functions, and 
applications of trigonometry. This course satisfies the Mathematics Proficiency 
Requirement. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

C330. Great Ideas of Modern Mathematics 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to consider the way in which mathematics 
responds to the core question and to help students understand and appreciate the 
way of knowing (or, better, the way of thinking) which underlies mathematics. The 
mode of inquiry this course employs in attempting to answer the core questions 
is reason. This is not to be confused with the kind of reasoning used, for example, 
in the natural or social sciences. It is, rather, reason divorced from anything 
empirical. The course will be organized around three or four major mathematical 
ideas that have emerged since the time of Newton. These ideas will be drawn from 
such fields as calculus, set theory, number theory, probability theory, modern 



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algebra, logic, topology, and non-Euclidean geometry. Prerequisite: 1332 or by 
examination. 

1333. Applied Calculus 3 hours 

The goal of this course is to present calculus in an intuitive yet intellectually 
satisfying way and to illustrate the many applications of calculus with particular 
emphasis on the applications to the management sciences, business, economics, 
and the social sciences. This is the recommended calculus course for students in 
business, economics, and other social sciences. Prerequisite: 1332 or by examina- 
tion. 

1335, 1336. Calculus I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This is the first year of a two-year sequence. The courses will provide an 
introduction to the fundamental concepts of calculus, including limits, continu- 
ity, the derivative, applications of the derivative, the Riemann integral, techniques 
of integration, and applications of the integral. Prerequisite: 1332 or by examina- 
tion; 1335 must precede 1336. 

2331, 2332. Calculus III, IV 3 plus 3 hours 

The first semester treats mainly plane and solid analytic geometry, infinite 
series, vectors and parametric equations from the viewpoint of calculus. The 
second semester deals with partial differentiation, multiple integration, and 
vector analysis. Prerequisite: 1336; 2331 must precede 2332. 

2333. Differential Equations 3 hours 

The course treats elementary methods of solution of ordinary linear homo- 
geneous and inhomogeneous differential equations with a variety of applications. 
Prerequisite: 1336. 

2334. College Geometry .'. 3 hours 

A study of the development of Euclidean geometry from different postulate 
systems. 

2335. Discrete Mathematics 3 hours 

A rigorous course in the principal areas of modern discrete mathematics. 
This course provides an introduction to the interrelationships between math- 
ematics and computer science. Topics include mathematical logic, set theory, 
boolean algebra, combinatorics, and graph theory. Prerequisite: 1336. 

2338. Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular 
emphasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and 
correlation analysis. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and 
discussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one hour 
of credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the student has 
completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. Meetings of the 
science seminar are normally held twice each month during the regular academic 
year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and defend a paper for 



132 



at least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period of enrollment; 
other seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, including members of 
the science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis the first two 
semesters; the third semester is letter-graded. 

3331. Complex Analysis 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to introduce the fundamental ideas of complex 
analysis to students in mathematics, engineering, computer science, and physics. 
The course will focus on both the pure and applied aspects of the subject. Topics 
include complex numbers, analytic functions, elementary functions, integrals, 
series, residues and poles, mapping by elementary functions, and conformal 
mapping. Prerequisite: 2332. 

3334. Linear Algebra 3 hours 

This course includes a study of systems of equations, matrix algebra, determi- 
nants, vector spaces, linear transformations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, along 
with numerous applications of these topics. Prerequisites: 1335 and 1336. 

3335. Abstract Algebra 3 hours 

A study of the important structures of modern algebra, including groups, 
rings, and fields. Prerequisite: 3334 with a grade of "C-" or higher. 

4333. Special Topics in Mathematics 3 hours 

Selected topics designed to complete the requirements for a major in 
mathematics. Topics include real analysis, topology, number theory, probability, 
advanced abstract algebra, differential geometry, etc. Recommended for the 
junior or senior year. Prerequisites: will depend on the topic but will include a 
minimum of 2332, 3334, and permission of the instructor. 

4337. Independent Study in Mathematics 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic in mathematics. Prerequisite: Permis- 
sion of the faculty supervisor. 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Mathematics and 
Computer Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section 
of this Bulletin. 



Medical Technology 



Medical technologists play an important role in the delivery of modern health 
care. Although hospitals and clinics are their traditional sites of employment, 
medical technologists also find opportunities in many other situations, such as 
commercial testing laboratories, medical and pharmaceutical research facilities, 
and in the sales and demonstration of technical instruments. 

Students working toward the degree of Bachelor of Science in Medical 
Technology undertake their clinical training at an approved institution after 
successful completion of prerequisite academic course work at Oglethorpe 
University. Prerequisites for clinical programs vary among institutions; therefore, 
students should seek additional advisement from the program to which they are 



133 



applying. This will enable the student and the Oglethorpe adviser to design the 
proper sequence of courses and to establish an appropriate time frame for 
completion of degree requirements. Courses to be completed at Oglethorpe will 
usually include the following: General Biology I and II, Microbiology, Human 
Physiology, General Chemistry I and II (with laboratories), Organic Chemistry I 
and II (with laboratories) , Elementary Quantitative Analysis, College Algebra or 
Calculus I, and appropriate core courses. At least 60 semester hours must be 
completed at Oglethorpe in order to be eligible for an Oglethorpe degree in 
medical technology. 



Physics 



The physics curriculum is designed to provide well-rounded preparation in 
classical and modern physics. The successful completion of this program will 
prepare the graduate to gain admission to one of the better graduate programs in 
physics or a related scientific field, or to secure employment in a technical, 
scientific, or engineering setting. 

Major 

The requirements for a major in physics are as follows: College Physics I and 
II and Calculus I and II are to be taken concurrently (preferably in the freshman 
year) ; Classical Mechanics I and II and Calculus III and Calculus IV (suggested for 
the sophomore year); Electricity and Magnetism I and II, Differential Equations, 
and either Mathematical Physics or Complex Analysis (junior year) ; Thermal and 
Statistical Physics; Advanced Physics Laboratory I and II; Introduction to Modern 
Physics I and II; Introduction to Modern Optics; and Special Topics in Theoretical 
Physics. In addition, all physics majors must take three semester hours of Science 
Seminar. Examination is generally required to transfer credit for any of these 
courses. (College Physics I fulfills a core requirement and is therefore not part of 
the major per se.) 

Minor 

A minor in physics is offered to provide students with an opportunity to 
strengthen and broaden their educational credentials either as an end in itself or 
as an enhancement of future employment prospects. The requirement for the 
physics minor is 10 semester hours of physics course work numbered 2343 or 
higher. 

1341, 1342. General Physics I, II 4 plus 4 hours 

An introductory course without calculus. Fundamental aspects of mechanics, 
heat, light, sound, and electricity are included. The text will be on the level of 
Miller, College Physics. Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per week. 
Prerequisite: 1332; 1341 must precede 1342. 

2341, 2342. College Physics I, II 5 plus 5 hours 

Introductory physics with calculus. Subject matter is the same as in general 
physics but on a level more suited to physics majors, engineering majors, etc. One 
year of calculus as a prerequisite is preferred, otherwise calculus must be taken 
concurrently. The text will be on the level of Halliday and Resnick, Fundamentals 
of Physics. Prerequisite: 2341 must precede 2342. 



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2343, 2344. Classical Mechanics I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

This is the student's first introduction to theoretical physics. Lagrangian and 
Hamiltonian methods are developed with Newton's laws of motion and applied to 
a variety of contemporary problems. Emphasis is placed on problem work, the 
object being to develop physical intuition and facility for translating physical 
problems into mathematical terms. The text will be on the level of Analytical 
Mechanics by Fowles. Prerequisites: 1336 and 2342; 2343 must precede 2344. 

2345. Fundamentals of Electronics 4 hours 

A laboratory course designed primarily for science majors and dual degree 
engineering students. Coverage includes DC and AC circuits, semi-conductor 
devices, amplifiers, oscillators, and digital devices. The intent is to provide a 
working understanding of common instrumentation in science and technology. 
Prerequisite: 1342 or 2344. 

2351. Science Seminar 1 hour 

This course is designed to give practice in the preparation, delivery, and 
discussion of scientific papers. The three semesters required (for which one hour 
of credit is given per semester) may be scheduled at any time after the student has 
completed the freshman-level requirements in the science major. Meetings of the 
science seminar are normally held twice each month during the regular academic 
year. Each science major is expected to prepare, deliver, and defend a paper for 
at least one seminar meeting during the three-semester period of enrollment; 
other seminar papers will be presented by invited speakers, including members of 
the science faculty. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis the first two 
semesters; the third semester is letter-graded. 

3341, 3342. Electricity and Magnetism I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

A thorough introduction to one of the two fundamental disciplines of 
classical physics, using vector calculus methods. After a brief review of vector 
analysis, the first semester will treat electrostatic and magnetic fields and provide 
an introduction to the special theory of relativity. The second semester will 
develop electrodynamics, including Maxwell's equations, the propagation of 
electromagnetic waves, radiation, and the electromagnetic theory of light. The 
treatment will be on the level of the text of Reitz, Milford, and Christy. It is 
recommended that 2333 be taken concurrently. Prerequisites: 2332 and 2342; 
3341 must precede 3342. 

3343. Thermal and Statistical Physics 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to provide physics, engineering, and chemistry 
majors with a fundamental understanding of heat and the equilibrium behavior 
of complex systems. Topics will include the zeroth, first and second laws of 
thermodynamics with applications to closed and open systems; microcanonical 
and canonical ensembles for classical and quantum systems, with applications to 
ideal gases, specific heats, blackbody radiation, etc.; the kinetic description of 
equilibrium properties. Text will be on the level of Kestin and Dorfman or 
Zemansky. Prerequisites: 1336 and 2342. 

3344. Advanced Physics Laboratory I 1 hour 

Laboratory work will emphasize classic experiments such as the ballistic 
pendulum, hard sphere scattering, the Millikan oil drop experiment, the Michelson 



135 



interferometer, etc. Emphasis also will be placed on measuring fundamental 
constants such as the speed of light, h, G, e and e/m. Prerequisite: 2342. 

3345. Advanced Physics Laboratory II 1 hour 

Laboratory work will emphasize modern physics in areas such as microwave 
optics, superconductivity, measurements of magnetic fields, electron spin reso- 
nance, the Franck-Hertz experiment, laser optics, etc. Prerequisites: 3344 and 
4341. 

3346. Introduction to Modern Optics 4 hours 

A standard intermediate-level optics course which will treat the basics of wave 
theory and the electromagnetic origin of optical phenomena, geometrical optics, 
physical optics including Fourier optics, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, and 
dispersion. The course will conclude with some consideration of current topics 
such as holography, quantum optics, and non-linear optics. Prerequisites: 2333 
and 2342. 

4341, 4342. Introduction to Modern Physics I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

For physics, engineering, and chemistry majors, this is a one-year sequence 
that discusses the most important developments in 20th-century physics. The first 
semester will review special relativity and treat the foundations of quantum physics 
from a historical perspective, the quantum theory of one-electron atoms will be 
developed. In the second semester, there will be a treatment of many-electron 
atoms, molecules, and solids, with an introduction to nuclear and elementary 
particle physics. The text will be on the level of Eisberg and Resnick, Quantum 
Physics. Prerequisites: 2342 and 3342; 4341 must precede 4342. 

4343. Special Topics in Theoretical Physics 1-3 hours 

Topics to be chosen in accordance with the student's interest include laser 
physics, plasma physics, theory of the solid state, nuclear and particle physics, 
astrophysics, and cosmology. 

4345. Mathematical Physics 3 hours 

This course will examine a variety of mathematical ideas and methods used 
in physical sciences. Topics may include: vector calculus; solutions of partial 
differential equations, including the wave and heat equations; special functions; 
eigen value problems; Fourier analysis and mathematical modeling, particularly 
numerical computer methods. Prerequisite: 2333. 

4347. Independent Study in Physics 1-3 hours 

Supervised study of a topic of interest to the student, which is not treated in the 
regularly scheduled course offerings. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

Pre-medical Studies 

A student who plans to attend a professional school of medicine, dentistry, 
optometry, pharmacy or veterinary medicine should plan a program of studies at 
Oglethorpe in consultation with a faculty member who is a designated pre- 
medical adviser. It is desirable for the pre-medical students to begin the process 
of undergraduate program planning with a pre-medical adviser. It is essential that 
contact be establishd by the second semester of the student's freshman year. 



136 



Professional schools of health science require for admission successful comple- 
tion of a specified sequence of courses in the natural sciences as well as the 
submission of acceptable scores on appropriate standardized tests. However, pre- 
medical students have a wide latitude of choice with regard to the major selected. 
Students should familiarize themselves with the particular admission require- 
ments of the type of profesional school they plan to enter prior to deciding on the 
course of study to be pursued at Oglethorpe. 

Some schools of medicine, dentistry, and veterinary medicine will admit 
highly qualified applicants who have completed all admission requirements for 
the professional school during three years of study at an undergraduate institu- 
tion. (Four years of undergraduate work and a bachelor's degree are standard 
requirements; admission after three years is highly atypical and is not available at 
all schools. ) It is possible for students to enter an allopathic or osteopathic medical 
school, dental school or veterinary school (no other health professions schools are 
eligible) after three years of study at Oglethorpe to complete their bachelor's 
degree under the Professional Option. By specific arrangement between the 
professional school and Oglethorpe University, and in accordance with regula- 
tions of both institutions, after successful completion of all academic requirements 
of the the first year in the professional school, the student receives a degree from 
Oglethorpe University when certified to be in good standing at the professional 
school. Students interested in this possibility should consult with their advisers to 
make certain that all conditions are met; simultaneous enrollment in several 
science courses each semester during the three years at Oglethorpe will likely be 
required to meet minimum expectations for taking professional school admis- 
sions tests and to meet admission requirements for the professional school. All 
Oglethorpe core courses must be completed before the student enrolls in the 
professional school. 



137 



Division IV 

Behavioral Sciences 




American Studies 



For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in American 
Studies, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this 

Bulletin. 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Business Admin- 
istration and Behavioral Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and 
Majors section of this Bulletin. 



Psychology 



Psychology uses scientific methods to study a broad range of topics related to 
behavior and mental processes, including motivation, learning and memory, 
human development and personality, psychological disorders, social interaction, 
and physiologial bases for behavior and thought. The study of psychology should 
help a student to develop skills in three basic areas: skills associated with the 
scientific method, including data collection, analysis, and interpretation; skills 
that are useful in the construction and evaluation of theories, such as analytic and 
synthetic reasoning; and skills in human relations through which the student 
learns to become a more precise and more tolerant observer of human behavior 
and individual differences. Many students with a background in psychology 
choose careers in psychology-related fields, such as counseling, psychotherapy, or 
research, but many others choose careers that are not so directly tied to psychol- 
ogy. For example, psychology provides a good background for careers in law, 
education, marketing, management, public relations, publishing, and communi- 
cations. 

Major 

The major consists of at least nine psychology courses beyond Psychological 
Inquiry, including Statistics, Research Design, Advanced Experimental Psychol- 
ogy, and History and Systems of Psychology. Psychology majors also are expected 
to complete the following three directed electives: General Biology I and II, and 
either a third semester of a laboratory science, an upper-level philosophy course 
or Introduction to Linguistics. The degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Minor 

A minor in psychology consists of any five psychology courses beyond Psycho- 
logical Inquiry. No course can be used to satisfy both major and minor requirements. 

C462. Psychological Inquiry 3 hours 

This course presents a unique way of understanding ourselves: the use of the 
empirical method to obtain information about human and animal behavior. 
Psychological experimentation will be shown to contribute to human self-under- 
standing through its production of interesting, reliable, and often counter-intuitive 
results. Topics to be considered will include obedience to authority, learned 
helplessness, and dreaming. These topics will be examined from a variety of 
potentially conflicting perspectives: behavioral, cognitive, developmental, bio- 



139 



logical, and psychoanalytic. This course serves as a prerequisite for all upper-level 
courses in psychology. 

2338. Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular 
emphasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and 
correlation analysis. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

2462. Child/Adolescent Psychology 3 hours 

The ways in which individuals interact with the world and each other change 
dramatically from birth to adolescence. This course will trace these developments, 
particularly those of cognition, social behavior, and self-concept. The factors 
influencing development, such as heredity and the social/cultural environment, 
will be emphasized. Prerequisite: C462. 

2464. Organizational Psychology 3 hours 

Organizations and the individuals who function within them will be exam- 
ined from the perspective of psychological theory and research. Consideration 
will be given both to broad topics relevant to all organizations, such as communi- 
cation, groups, and leadership, and to topics specific to the work environment, 
such as employee selection, training, and evaluation. Prerequisite: C462. 

2465. Learning and Conditioning 3 hours 

Making use of data obtained in the laboratory and in natural settings, this 
course examines the means by which humans and animals seek and acquire 
information, develop internal records of the spatial and temporal structure of 
their surroundings, make correlational or predictive inferences, and express 
these inferences behaviorally. Prerequisite: C462; recommended prerequisite: 
2338. 

2473. Social Psychology 3 hours 

Social psychology is the study of human beings in interaction with each other 
or under the pressure of forces of social influence. The course will include a 
consideration of conformity, persuasion, attraction, aggression, self presentation, 
and other relevant aspects of social life. Prerequisite: C462. 

3461. Research Design 4 hours 

Through a combination of class discussion and hands-on research activity, 
this course provides students with exposure to a variety of research approaches. 
The course begins with an examination of descriptive methods, such as natural- 
istic observation, surveys, and archival research, and concludes with an analysis of 
controlled experimental methods. Quasi-experimental designs and applications 
of research methods are also explored. Prerequisites: C462 and 2338. 

3462. Advanced Experimental Psychology 4 hours 

This sequel to the Research Design course provides an in-depth analysis of 
controlled experimentation in a laboratory setting. Each student will design and 
conduct an individual research project to fulfill the laboratory component of the 
course. Prerequisite: 3461. 



140 



3463. Psychological Testing 3 hours 

This course covers the selection, interpretation, and applications of psycho- 
logical tests, including tests of intellectual ability, vocational and academic 
aptitudes, and personality. The most common uses of test results in educational 
institutions, clinical settings, business, government, and the military will be 
considered. The history of psychological testing and the interpretation of test 
results also will be considered from both traditional and critical perspectives. 
Although students will have the opportunity to see many psychological tests, this 
course is not intended to train students to actually administer tests. Prerequisites: 
C462 and 2338. 

3464. Psychology of Leadership 3 hours 

The concept of leadership will be explored within the context of psychologi- 
cal research and theory. Students will be invited to examine a variety of approaches 
to leadership and to analyze them critically. Activities that foster the development 
of effective leadership abilities and strategies will be an important component of 
the course. Prerequisite: C462. 

3465. Theories of Personality 3 hours 

The goal of this course is to acquaint the student with the major theories of 
personality and with approaches to the scientific evaluation of them. Students will 
be encouraged to engage in critical analysis and theoretical comparisons of the 
ideas presented from diverse, and often contradictory, perspectives. Prerequisite: 
C462. 

3466. Abnormal Psychology 3 hours 

There are three main goals in this course. The first is to enhance the student's 
understanding of psychopathology and major treatment approaches. The second 
is to help the student learn to evaluate critically the research evidence regarding 
therapeutic interventions. The third is to encourage a self examination of the 
student's attitudes and those of our society regarding mental illness and the full 
range of human individual differences. Prerequisite: C462. 

3467. Cognitive Psychology 3 hours 

The course explores the nature and function of human thought processes. 
Topics to be considered include perception, attention, remembering and forget- 
ting, mental imagery, psycholinguistics, problem-solving, and reasoning. 
Prerequisite: C462. 

3468. Neuroscience I: Foundations 3 hours 

This course will cover the anatomy, pharmacology, and physiology of the 
nervous system, neural development, and the establishment of synapses. There 
will be extensive consideration of the sensory systems, neural mechanisms of 
bodily movement, and the bases for motor pathology. Prerequisites: C462 and 
1312. 

3469. Neuroscience II: Behavior 3 hours 

Topics in this course will include neural and hormonal mechanisms under- 
lying sleep, biological rhythms, hunger and feeding, brain stimulation reward, 
sexual behavior, and drug self-administration. The neural bases of learning and 
memory will be discussed in considerable depth. Finally, consideration will be 



141 



given to neural-immune interactions and the neural mechanisms thought to 
underlie schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, epilepsy, and Alzheimer's disease. 
Prerequisite: 3468. 

4461. History and Systems of Psychology 3 hours 

A study of the historic development of modern psychology, this course covers 
its philosophical and scientific ancestry, the major schools of thought, the 
contemporary systems of psychology, and their theoretical and empirical differ- 
ences. Recommended for the senior year. Prerequisite: C462. 

4462. Seminar in Psychology 3 hours 

The seminar will provide examination and discussion of various topics of 
contemporary interest in psychology. Prerequisites: C462 and one additional 
psychology course. 

4463. Directed Research in Psychology 3 hours 

Original investigations and detailed studies of the literature in selected areas 
of psychology will be supervised by a faculty member. Emphasis will be on original 
research. Prerequisites: 3462 and permission of the instructor. 

4464. Advanced Topics in Clinical Psychology 3 hours 

The focus of the course is on the examination and discussion of topics of 
contemporary interest in clinical psychology. Prerequisites: 3465 and 3466. 

4465. Internship -Psychology 1-6 hours 

Internships in psychology are designed to provide students the opportunity 
to acquire valuable experiences in settings where psychology is practiced. A faculty 
member and on-site supervisor provide guidance to the student in selecting 
appropriate activities and achieving specific learning objectives. Successful in- 
ternships in recent years have been completed in a variety of settings including 
Charter Brook Hospital, Yerkes Primate Center, Elrick and Lavidge marketing 
research firm, and the DeKalb Headstart program. Graded on a satisfactory/ 
unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and quali- 
fication for the internship program. 

4466. Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior 3 hours 

This course surveys the actions of psychoactive drugs, particularly those 
associated with addiction and abuse (opioids, stimulants, sedatives, hallucino- 
gens, anabolic/androgenic steroids) and those used to treat mental illness 
(benzodiazepines, antidepressants, antipsychotics, anticonvulsants). Pertinent 
legal, social, and political issues also will be discussed. Prerequisite: C462; recom- 
mended prerequisite: 1312. 

4468. Independent Study in Psychology 1-3 hours 

This course provides the opportunity for an intense study of diverse topics 
under the direct supervision of the instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 



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Sociology 



Sociology is the scientific study of human society and social behavior. The 
topics of the field include: criminal behavior, social stratification, demographic 
trends, and the family. Sociology is a liberal arts major in the truest sense of the 
term. Besides increasing one's insights into the social world, sociology gives one 
many opportunities to write and to improve one's mathematical skills. Career 
opportunities open to sociologists include work in criminology, demography, 
marketing, and journalism. 

Major 

The sociology major consists of a minimum of 10 sociology courses beyond 
Human Nature and the Social Order I and II, including Introduction to Sociology, 
Statistics, Research Design, Sociological Theory, and six additional sociology 
courses selected by the student. In addition, two upper-level courses in economics, 
history, philosophy, politics, psychology, or writing also must be completed. The 
degree awarded is the Bachelor of Arts. 

Minor 

A minor in sociology consists of Introduction to Sociology and any other four 
sociology courses beyond Human Nature and the Social Order I and II. No course 
can be used to satisfy both major and minor requirements. 

Sociology with Social Work Concentration 

Nine sociology courses beyond Introduction to Sociology plus a semester in 
field placement (12-15 semester hours) constitute this major. The required 
courses are: Field of Social Work, Methods of Social Work, Culture and Society, 
Minority Peoples, Statistics, and Deviance and Social Control, plus three sociology 
electives. Students are encouraged to complete a minor in psychology. 

C271, C272. Human Nature and the Social Order I, II 3 plus 3 hours 

The courses in this year-long study are devoted to the careful study of classic 
texts that lie at the common roots of all the contemporary social sciences. The aim 
is to show how contemporary social science is a form of "moral inquiry" that 
responds to questions intelligent human beings always have asked. To this end, the 
focus will be on various compelling and distinctive treatments of the enduring 
questions about justice and the good life. The question will be posed whether 
there is a single or plural human good and whether this good (or these goods) can 
or must be pursued within the confines of a social or political order. Works will be 
studied by such thinkers as Aristotle, John Locke, Adam Smith, Alexis de 
Tocqueville, and Max Weber. 

1471. Introduction to Sociology 3 hours 

The study of human society, the nature of culture and its organization. 
Processes of communication, socialization, mobility, and population growth are 
described and analyzed. Emphasis is placed on methods, basic concepts, and 
principal findings of the field. 



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2338. Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular 
emphasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and 
correlation analysis. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

2471. The Family 3 hours 

An analysis of the family institution as a background for the study of family 
interaction, socialization, and the parent-child relationship, courtship and mar- 
riage interaction, family crises and problems. 

2472. The American Experience 3 hours 

The purpose of this course is to acquaint students with basic aspects of the 
American experience. Special attention is paid to the individual's relationship to 
the community and the state. Specific topics of discussion include Populism, 
Social Darwinism, Federalism, the role of advertising in folk culture, the relation- 
ship of technology and democracy, and America's exploring spirit. Both primary 
and secondary sources are assigned as readings. The primary sources include 
essays by Emerson, Thoreau, Frederick Jackson Turner, Andrew Carnegie, and 
William Jennings Bryan. 

2473. Social Psychology 3 hours 

Social psychology is the study of human beings in interaction with each other 
or under the pressure of forces of social influence. The course will include a 
consideration of conformity, persuasion, attraction, aggression, self presentation, 
and other relevant aspects of social life. Prerequisite: C462. 

2474. Social Problems 3 hours 

A study of the impact of current social forces upon American society. 
Deviation from social norms, conflict concerning social goals and values, and 
social disorganization as these apply to family, economic, religious, and other 
institutional and interpersonal situations are of primary concern. 

3461. Research Design 4 hours 

Through a combination of class discussion and hands-on research activity, 
this course will provide the student with exposure to a variety of research 
approaches. The course begins with an examination of descriptive methods, such 
as naturalistic observational, surveys, and archival research, and concludes with an 
analysis of controlled experimental methods. Quasi-experimental designs and 
applications of research methods are also explored. Prerequisites: C462 and 2338. 

3470. Culture and Society 3 hours 

A study of the dynamics of Western and non-Western cultures that focuses on 
the contrast between traditional and modern cultures. Special attention will be 
given to analyzing cultural forms that define what is and is not permitted (such as 
food taboos and sexual norms), cultural elites (such as Christian monastics, 
Hindu Brahmins, and Marxist revolutionaries), and cultural revolutions (Chris- 
tian, humanist, and post-Freudian). 



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3471. Cultural Anthropology 3 hours 

An introduction to the study of people and their cultures, using material from 
folk and modern cultures throughout the world. Emphasis is given to develop- 
ment of understanding of culture — its purpose, meaning, and function. 

3472. The Sociology of Work and Occupations 3 hours 

This course has three purposes. First, to analyze the means by which non- 
economic institutions, especially the family, schools, and religious institutions, 
influence the formation of "human capital." Second, to study the history and 
contemporary nature of the professions. And third, to analyze the relationship 
between the external control of workers and their internal motivation. 

3473. Field of Social Work 3 hours 

An orientation course based on the description and analysis of the historical 
development of social work and the operation in contemporary society of the 
many social work activities. Prerequisite: 1471. 

3474. Methods of Social Work 3 hours 

A study of the methods used in social work in contemporary social work 
activities. Prerequisite: 3473. 

3475. Minority Peoples 3 hours 

A study of minority peoples using both the sociological and economic 
perspectives. Although other types are considered, particular attention is focused 
on racial and cultural minorities in terms of the prejudice and discrimination they 
receive and the effect this has on their personalities and ways of life. 

3476. Religion and Society..... 3 hours 

An examination of religion as a social institution, its internal development, 
relationship to other institutions, and its cultural and social significance in 
modern societies. Special attention will be given to the conflict between spirit and 
institution in Christianity; the rise and decline of denominationalism; fundamen- 
talism and evangelicals past and present; and the modern psychologizing of 
religion. 

3478. Wealth, Status, and Power 3 hours 

An examination of the social stratification of rewards and privileges in 
American society, focusing on the analysis of economic, status and power struc- 
tures; the history of the upper class; institutionalized "power" elites; changing 
status systems; and the position of minorities. 

3479. Literature and Society 3 hours 

This course is a study of social theory in literature and its implications for the 
conduct of life. It will focus on an intensive reading of selected texts from late 19th- 
and 20th-century literature. Literary figures may include Dostoevsky, Conrad, 
Kafka, Camus, and others. Not offered regularly. 

4471. Field Experience in Social Work 12-15 hours 

Students concentrating in social work are placed with various social work 
agencies in the Atlanta area for on-the-job practicum experience. Successful field 
experiences have been gained at a variety of settings in recent years, including 
Wesley Woods Health Center, West Paces Ferry Hospital, and Kennestone Hospi- 
tal. Prerequisites: 3474 and permission of the instructor and the division chair. 



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4472. Deviance and Social Control 3 hours 

An examination of behaviors which do not conform to moral and legal codes 
and the ways in which societies control such behaviors. Particular emphasis will be 
given to American society. The readings will include classic and current analyses. 

4473. Senior Seminar in American Studies 3 hours 

This course offers an intensive examination of a selected topic in American 
history, politics, culture, or society. Among the subjects may be the relationships 
of religion and politics, American intellectual history, and the development and 
growth of national government and politics. 

4474. Sociological Theory 3 hours 

A study of selected classical and contemporary theorists such as Max Weber, 
Emile Durkheim, Robert Merton, and Erving Goffman, ranging from the mid- 
19th century through the 20th century. Topics may include the rise of capitalism, 
theories of alienation and anomie, economic and cultural conflict, and modern 
individualism. Offered every other year. Prerequisites: C272 and 1471. 

4475. Seminar in Sociology 1-3 hours 

A seminar providing examination and discussion of various topics of contem- 
porary and historical interest in sociology. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4477. Internship - Sociology 1-6 hours 

Internships in sociology are designed to provide students the opportunity to 
acquire valuable experiences in settings in which sociologists work. A faculty 
member and on-site supervisor provide guidance to the student in selecting 
appropriate activities and achieving specific learning objectives. Successful in- 
ternships in recent years have been completed in a variety of settings, including 
the Georgia Council for Child Abuse, the Methodist Children's Home, and Unisys 
Corporation. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permis- 
sion of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4478. Independent Study in Sociology 1-3 hours 

An intense study of diverse topics under the direct supervision of the 
instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

4479. Internship -American Studies 3 hours 

An internship is designed to provide a formalized, experiential learning 
opportunity to qualified students. The student and a faculty supervisor negotiate 
a learning contract which specifies learning objectives for the internship and 
indices for the evaluation of the student's achievement of these objectives. 
Students are employed or volunteer in standard work situations with cooperating 
business organizations, governmental departments and agencies, or in other 
professional settings. Prerequisite: Permission of the faculty supervisor and 
qualification for the internship program. 



146 



Division V 

Economics and 
Business Administration 



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The Division of Economics and Business Administration offers course work 
leading to the Bachelor of Business Administration and Bachelor of Arts degrees. 
The Bachelor of Business Administration degree may be earned in the following 
majors: (1) accounting, (2) business administration, (3) business administration 
and computer science, or (4) economics. The Bachelor of Arts degree is offered 
with a major in economics. 

Students wishing to earn the Bachelor of Business Administration with a 
major in business administration may elect to concentrate in one of the following 
areas: (1) finance, (2) international business studies, (3) management, or (4) 
marketing. Students also may major in business administration without concen- 
trating in a specific area. 

Interdisciplinary majors may be earned with the following degrees: business 
administration and behavioral science with a Bachelor of Arts and mathematics 
and computer science with a Bachelor of Science. For more information on the 
interdisciplinary majors, please refer to the Interdisciplinary Program and Majors 
section in this Bulletin. 

In addition to core requirements, all students receiving a degree through the 
Division of Economics and Business Administration, either the Bachelor of 
Business Administration or the Bachelor of Arts in Economics, are required to 
complete the following courses: 

1333 Applied Calculus or 1335 Calculus I 

1521 Introduction to Economics 

2338 Statistics 

2519 Management Science 

2540 Introduction to Computer Applications Software 

3521 Intermediate Microeconomics 

3522 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Two advanced (usually 3000- or 4000-level) courses taken outside the 
Division of Economics and Business Administration 
Students wishing to receive a Bachelor of Business Administration degree 
also must complete the following courses: 
1510 Business Law I 

2530 Principles of Accounting I 

2531 Principles of Accounting II 
2560 Management 

3191 Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 

3510 Managerial Finance 

3550 Marketing 

4569 Strategic Management (to be taken in the senior year) 
Students are responsible for ensuring that they fulfill all requirements of the 
major selected. A grade of "C" or better must be obtained in each course required 
by the Division of Economics and Business Administration. A course used to fulfill 
one requirement cannot be used to fulfill a different requirement. 



Accounting 



The essence of accounting is measurement and communication. The objec- 
tive is to provide information that is useful to decision-makers who must choose 
between economic alternatives. Accordingly, the field focuses on information 



148 



concerning economic resources, claims to those resources, and the results of 
economic activity. The purpose of the major in accounting is to acquaint the 
student with this information and to develop the analytic ability necessary to 
produce it. The student learns to observe economic activity; to select from that 
activity the events which are relevant to particular decisions; to measure the 
economic consequences of those events in quantitative terms; to record, classify, 
and summarize the resulting data; and to communicate the information thereby 
produced in various reports and statements to appropriate decision-makers. 

The major in accounting consists of a coherent sequence of accounting and 
other courses which provide the conceptual foundation and basic skills to begin 
a career in accounting practice or to use as an appropriate background for such 
related careers as financial services, computer science, management, industrial 
engineering, law and others. Accountants work in public accounting, business, 
government, and non-profit organizations. 

Major 

The courses required of all students pursuing a Bachelor of Business Admin- 
istration degree are the 17 listed above plus Intermediate Accounting I and II, 
Cost Accounting, Advanced Accounting, Income Tax Accounting: Individuals, 
Auditing, Business Law II, and one of the following: Income Tax Accounting: 
Corporations, Partnerships, Estates, and Trusts; Accounting Control Systems; or 
Development of Accounting Theory. 

Minor 

Principles of Accounting I and II and three courses from the following are 
required for a minor in accounting: Intermediate Accounting I, Intermediate 
Accounting II, Cost Accounting, Income Tax Accounting: Individuals, or Ad- 
vanced Accounting. 

2530. Principles of Accounting 1 3 hours 

A study of accounting principles, concepts, and the nature of financial 
statements. Emphasis is placed upon the use of accounting as a device for 
reporting business activity. 

2531. Principles of Accounting II 3 hours 

A study of the utilization of accounting information in business management, 
with emphasis upon construction and interpretation of financial statements. 
Prerequisite: 2530. 

3532. Intermediate Accounting I 3 hours 

A study of the development of accounting theories and their application to 
the preparation and correction of financial statements, to the measurement of 
periodic income, to asset acquisition, and to the capital structure of business 
corporations. Prerequisite: 2531. 

3533. Intermediate Accounting II 3 hours 

The study of accounting theory as it relates to the more specialized problems 
of price-level changes, funds, cash flow statements, and related concepts. Prereq- 
uisite: 3532. 



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3534. Cost Accounting 3 hours 

A study of the principles and techniques of cost control with concentration 
on the structural aspects of cost accounting as a managerial tool and on the 
procedures involved in solving cost-accounting problems. Prerequisite: 2531. 

3535. Income Tax Accounting: Individuals 3 hours 

A study of the income tax laws and related accounting problems of individu- 
als. Prerequisite: 2531. 

3536. Income Tax Accounting: Corporations, Partnerships, 

Estates, and Trusts 3 hours 

A study of the income tax laws and related accounting problems of corpora- 
tions and partnerships, with some consideration of estates and trusts. Prerequisite: 
3535. 

4534. Internship -Accounting 1-6 hours 

An internship in accounting is designed to provide the student with an 
opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional accounting and interper- 
sonal skills in a supervised business environment. The student, in conjunction 
with a business faculty member and an on-site internship supervisor, develops 
appropriate activities for achieving specific learning goals. The internship gener- 
ally requires the student to work a specified number of hours per week, keep a 
written journal of the work experience, have regularly scheduled meetings with 
the faculty supervisor, and write a research paper dealing with some aspect of the 
internship. An evaluation is prepared by the on-site internship supervisor. Intern- 
ship opportunities are diverse and have included such organizations as Price 
Waterhouse, Georgia Pacific, Deloitte and Touche, and Miller, Ray and Healey. 
Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the 
faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4535. Advanced Accounting 3 hours 

The application of accounting principles and concepts to specialized busi- 
ness situations, including partnerships, mergers, acquisitions, fiduciary 
relationships, installments, consignments, and foreign exchange. Prerequisite: 
3533. 

4536. Accounting Control Systems 3 hours 

A study of the procedures involved in the analysis, design, implementation, 
and control of management information systems. Emphasis is on the role of 
information systems in business, the tools and techniques used to design informa- 
tion systems, the hardware and software components of computerized information 
systems, the procedures involved in the development and control of information 
systems, and the application of information systems to the various transaction 
cycles of the firm. Prerequisites: 2531 and 2540 or 2541 or 2542. 

4537. Auditing 3 hours 

A study of auditing standards and procedures, use of statistical and other 
quantitative techniques, and preparation of audit working papers, reports, and 
financial statements. Emphasis is placed upon the criteria for the establishment 
of internal controls and the effect of these controls on examinations and reports. 
Prerequisites: 2338 and 3533. 



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4539. Development of Accounting Theory 3 hours 

A study of the historical development of accounting theory from ancient 
times to the present. Course consists of reading, discussions, and reports on 
accounting theory with emphasis on the philosophical aspects of accounting 
rather than technical issues. Prerequisite: 3533. 

Business Administration 

The business administration curriculum is designed to prepare students for 
careers as business leaders who will earn their livelihoods by discerning and 
satisfying people's wants and needs. Success in this endeavor requires (1) the 
ability to think independently, (2) knowledge of business terminology and 
business institutions, both domestic and international, and (3) communication 
skills. The ability to think independently is enhanced through study of the courses 
in the core curriculum and through a requirement that each student must 
complete advanced work in at least one area of business. Courses in economics 
and the functional areas of business administration introduce the student to 
business institutions, terminology, and methods of inquiry. Required courses in 
Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions and the capstone course, 
Strategic Management, provide practice in thinking and communicating. 

The program in business administration is also designed to give graduates a 
solid foundation in the concepts and analysis of business functional areas that will 
be needed for graduate study. Many graduates go on to receive a Master of 
Business Administration degree or a master's degree in a specific business area. 

In addition to preparing students for business careers and graduate school, 
the program in business administration is valuable preparation for other careers. 
Students learn administrative skills and methods of inquiry that are applicable in 
governmental and non-profit organizations. Since much legal practice involves 
businesses and a knowledge of business terminology and institutions, this major 
is an excellent background for the study and practice of law. 

The three required advanced electives may be taken in a specific functional 
area as a concentration or taken in different areas. Concentration requirements 
are listed below. 

Note: Some courses listed under concentrations have been offered or are pro- 
jected to be offered under the rubric 4595 Special Topics in Business 
Administration. 

Finance 

1. Two from the following: 

4510 Advanced Managerial Finance 

4511 Investments 

4595 Bank Management 

2. One from the following: 
1511 Business Law II 

3532 Intermediate Accounting I 

3534 Cost Accounting 

3535 Income Tax Accounting: Individuals 

3536 Income Tax Accounting: Corporations, Partnerships, Estates, 

and Trusts 



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3570 International Business 

4520 Public Finance 

4521 Money and Banking 
or 

A course from the first category of choice not used to fulfill that requirement 

International Business Studies 

1. One from the following: 
3570 International Business 

4595 International Business Competitiveness 

2. One from the following: 
3527 Economic Development 
4523 International Economics 

3. One from the following: 
2223 International Relations 
3169 Japanese Philosophy 

A foreign language course at the intermediate level or higher 

A course from the first category of choice not used to fulfill that requirement 

Management 

1. The following course is required 
4595 Total Quality Management 

2. One from the following: 
3570 International Business 

4595 Insights to Great Leaders in Action - Biographical Analysis 
4595 Human Resource Management 
4595 Entrepreneurship and Innovation 
4595 International Business Competitiveness 

3. One from the following: 

2464 Organizational Psychology 

3472 The Sociology of Work and Occupations 

A course from the second category of choice not used to fulfill that requirement 

Marketing 

1. Three from the following: 

3552 Marketing Communications 

4556 Marketing Research 

4595 Direct Marketing 

4595 Retailing 

4595 Marketing Management 

4595 Marketing Strategy 

4595 Current Issues, Events, and Topics in Business 



152 



Major 

Major requirements include the 17 courses required of all students pursuing 
the Bachelor of Business Administration degree (listed at the beginning of the 
Division V section) plus three advanced (3000- or 4000-level) courses in business, 
accounting, economics, or computer science. Courses not included as advanced 
courses are 3523, 3524, 3527, 4526, 4527, 4534, 4539, and 4590. (See also 
concentration requirements for business administration.) 

1510. Business Law I 3 hours 

A course designed to give the student an awareness of a limited area of those 
aspects of the law which will be needed in day-to-day dealings with the problems 
of business. Special emphasis is placed upon the law of contracts, negotiable 
instruments, agency, and a study of the Uniform Commercial Code as it applies. 

1511. Business Law II 3 hours 

A study of partnerships, corporations, sales, bailments, security devices, 
property, bankruptcy, and trade infringements. Prerequisite: 1510. 

2223. International Relations 3 hours 

An introduction to the great debates about how to explain, conduct, and 
evaluate foreign policy. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of nuclear 
weapons in the contemporary world and the question of why wars do and do not 
occur. Recommended prerequisite: C212. 

2338. Statistics 3 hours 

This course includes descriptive and inferential statistics with particular 
emphasis upon parametric statistics, rules of probability, the binomial and normal 
distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, and regression and 
correlation analysis. Prerequisite: 1331 or by examination. 

2464. Organizational Psychology 3 hours 

Organizations and the individuals who function within them will be exam- 
ined from the perspective of psychological theory and research. Consideration 
will be given both to broad topics relevant to all organizations, such as communi- 
cation, groups, and leadership, and to topics specific to the work environment, 
such as employee selection, training, and evaluation. Prerequisite: C462. 

2519. Management Science 3 hours 

An introduction to operations research, model building, optimization, linear 
programming, inventory models, and simulation. Major techniques and models 
of quantitative analysis as applied to business are studied. Prerequisites: 1333 or 
1335, 2338 and 2540 or 2541 or 2542. 

2560. Management 3 hours 

An introduction to the principles of management and administration. This 
course includes leadership, conflict resolution, and the functions of management 
in large and small organizations. 

3169. Japanese Philosophy 3 hours 

A survey of the development of Japanese philosophy from the fifth century 
A.D. to the present, including the Western influence on Japanese thought since 
1877. Prerequisite: C161. 



153 



3191. Advanced Writing for Business and the Professions 3 hours 

A course for students who have mastered the basic skills and insights of writing 
and who wish to improve their ability to write clear, concise, persuasive expository 
prose. Oral presentations and practice in listening with accuracy constitute 
another element of the course. Weekly writing assignments. Prerequisites: C191 
and one year-long literature sequence. 

3464. Psychology of Leadership 3 hours 

The concept of leadership will be explored within the context of psychologi- 
cal research and theory. Students will be invited to examine a variety of approaches 
to leadership and to analyze them critically. Activities that foster the development 
of effective leadership abilities and strategies will be an important component of 
the course. Prerequisite: C462. 

3472. The Sociology of Work and Occupations 3 hours 

This course has three purposes. First, to analyze the means by which non- 
economic institutions, especially the family, schools, and religious institutions, 
influence the formation of "human capital." Second, to study the history and 
contemporary nature of the professions. And third, to analyze the relationship 
between the external control of workers and their internal motivation. 

3510. Managerial Finance 3 hours 

A study of the basic principles of organizational finance and its relation to 
other aspects of business management and to the economic environment within 
which the firm operates. Attention is given to basic financial concepts, techniques 
of financial analysis, sources of funding, asset management, capital budgeting 
fundamentals, capital structure, cost of capital, time value of money, and financial 
decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. Prerequisites: 1521 and 2531. 

3550. Marketing 3 hours 

A course concerned with the policies and problems involved in the operation 
of market institutions. The course examines broad principles in the organization 
and direction of the marketing function and analytical aspects of marketing and 
consumer behavior. Prerequisites: 1521 and 2531. 

3552. Marketing Communications 3 hours 

Principles, concepts, and practices relating to the various kinds of communi- 
cations employed to disseminate information about products and services to 
potential buyers. Communication methods to be studied include advertising, 
personal selling, sales promotion, and public relations. The behavioral aspects of 
both messages and media will be explored. Prerequisite: 3550. 

3570. International Business 3 hours 

This course is designed to acquaint the student with the problems encoun- 
tered in conducting business outside one's own country and to provide a basis for 
evaluating the impact on business activities of changing economic, political, and 
cultural factors. Cases will be used throughout the course to give the student 
experience with the problems and advantages of doing business across national 
frontiers. A cultural diversity simulation game also will be used. Prerequisite: 2560. 



154 



4510. Advanced Managerial Finance 3 hours 

A continuation of Managerial Finance, topics in this course will include 
capital budgeting, intermediate and long-term funding, current asset manage- 
ment, working capital management and dividend policy. Case studies will be used 
to emphasize actual business situations and to focus on the comprehensive 
financial management of the firm. Prerequisite: 3510. 

4511. Investments 3 hours 

An introduction to the environment in which investment decisions are made. 
Topics explored will include efficient markets, the capital asset pricing model, 
term structure of interest rates, risk versus return, and performance measures. 
Although the emphasis will be on stocks and bonds, other investments will be 
discussed. Prerequisite: 3510. 

4556. Marketing Research 3 hours 

Included are the following: types of research, the research process, research 
design, sampling procedures, data collection methods, data analysis, and prepa- 
ration of research findings. Prerequisites: 2338, 3550, and 2540 or 2541 or 2542. 

4569. Strategic Management 3 hours 

An interdisciplinary approach to management decision-making with empha- 
sis on strategic planning. Cases are used extensively. Prerequisites: 2560, 35 10, and 
3550. 

4590. Internship - Business Administration 1-6 hours 

An internship in business administration is designed to provide the student 
with an opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional business and 
interpersonal skills in a supervised business environment. In conjunction with a 
business faculty member and an on-site internship supervisor, the student devel- 
ops appropriate activities for achieving specific learning goals. The internship 
generally requires the student to work a specified number of hours per week, keep 
a written journal of the work experience, have regularly scheduled meetings with 
the faculty supervisor, and write a research paper dealing with some aspect of the 
internship. An evaluation is prepared by the on-site internship supervisor. Intern- 
ship opportunities are diverse and have included such organizations as Wal-Mart 
Stores, Inc., Zoo Atlanta, Scientific Atlanta, and the Georgia Department of 
Industry and Trade. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 
Permission of the faculty supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4595. Special Topics in Business Administration 3 hours 

An intense study of diverse topics under the direct supervision of the 
instructor. Such courses have been International Business Competitiveness, Total 
Quality Management, Insights to Great Leaders in Action - Biographical Analysis, 
Human Resource Management, and Current Issues, Events, and Topics in Busi- 
ness. Prerequisite: Permission of the chair of the division. 

Business Administration and Behavioral Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Business Admin- 
istration and Behavioral Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and 
Majors section of this Bulletin. 



155 



Business Administration and Computer Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Business Admin- 
istration and Computer Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and 
Majors section of this Bulletin. 

Computer Science 

Minor 

A minor in computer science consists of five computer science courses, one 
of which must be Principles of Computer Programming. 

2540. Introduction to Computer Applications Software 3 hours 

This course introduces the student to the major types of computer applica- 
tions software, including word processing, electronic spreadsheets, database 
management, graphics, and communications. A predominant emphasis is on the 
construction of significant applications systems, including custom programming. 
The student will use microcomputer software such as WordPerfect, Lotus 1-2-3, 
and dBase. 

2541. Introduction to Computer Science 3 hours 

This course introduces the student to the basic concepts of electronic data 
processing equipment, computer programming, and applications. It is intended 
primarily for students who do not plan further study in computer science. The 
successful student will become proficient in problem-solving techniques and 
algorithm construction using the BASIC programming language. Examples are 
drawn from business, science, and other fields. 

2542. Principles of Computer Programming „ 3 hours 

In this course the student will be introduced to the fundamental techniques 
of problem-solving and algorithm development within the context of the Pascal 
programming language. The student will design and complete several substantial 
programming projects, most having a significant mathematical orientation. Pre- 
requisite: 1331 or by examination. 

3542. Introduction to Data Structures 3 hours 

Ada language constructs are used to introduce the student to the important 
concepts of static and dynamic data representation, which, along with effective 
algorithm development, are essential components of successful computer pro- 
gramming. Topics include arrays, records, files, pointers, linked lists, stacks, 
queues, trees, graphs, and implementation procedures. Students also will study 
sorting and searching techniques. Prerequisite: 2542. 

3544. Principles of File Processing 3 hours 

This course provides an accelerated introduction to the COBOL language 
and to standard techniques for managing data in computer files. Students will use 
COBOL to program solutions to problems which arise predominantly, though not 
exclusively, in business environments and which involve file updating, merging 
and searching, and report generation. Sequential, relative, and indexed files will 
be emphasized, in addition to elementary concepts of database management. 
Prerequisite: 2542. 



156 



4540. Introduction to Systems Programming 3 hours 

This course introduces the advanced computer science student to fundamen- 
tal concepts of computer systems programming. Attention is given to the 
development of input and output routines, associated data structures and algo- 
rithms, and the construction of systems libraries, using the C programming 
language. Major programming projects in C will be at the level of designing and 
writing a simple machine emulator, and developing an assembler for that ma- 
chine. Prerequisite: 2542. 

4541. Assembly Language and Computer Architecture 3 hours 

The student will be given a concentrated introduction to 8088 assembly 
language programming and microcomputer architecture. Topics include struc- 
tured programming, control structures, object library maintenance, macro 
programming, interrupts, buses, memory management, input/output, and inter- 
facing with high-level languages. Prerequisite: 2542. 

4546. Internship - Computer Science 1-6 hours 

An internship in computer science is designed to provide the student with an 
opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional computer science and 
interpersonal skills in a supervised organizational environment. In conjunction 
with a business faculty member and an on-site internship supervisor, the student 
develops appropriate activities for achieving specific learning goals. The intern- 
ship generally requires the student to work a specified number of hours per week, 
keep a written journal of the work experience, have regularly scheduled meetings 
with the faculty supervisor, and write a research paper dealing with some aspect 
of the internship. An evaluation is prepared by the on-site internship supervisor. 
Internship opportunities are diverse and have included such organizations as 
IBM, SunTrust Bank, and the Centers for Disease Control. Graded on a satisfac- 
tory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty supervisor and 
qualification for the internship program. 

Economics 

Economics is a way of thinking based on the premise that individuals make 
decisions that advance their own interests. From this premise, economics attempts 
to understand individual behavior and the social order that results from the 
interaction of many individual decision-makers. Finally, economics involves evalu- 
ation of the resulting social order. 

The three aspects of economic study are related to citizenship and careers. 
First, the attempt to predict individual behavior results in the derivation of several 
economizing principles that are useful in business practice. Second, much of the 
interaction of individuals is in the form of exchanges in markets. Knowledge of 
how markets function is helpful both to business people and voters who will make 
decisions about such market-related economic matters as taxes, interest ceilings, 
minimum wages, and public utility rates. Third, the practice in evaluating 
different social orders leads students to replace their unschooled opinions about 
complex situations with disciplined thought. This practice should be of service to 
those planning careers in business, law, politics, government, or religion. 



157 



Major (BBA) 

The 17 courses listed at the beginining of the Division V section and five 
electives in economics are required of all students pursuing the Bachelor of 
Business Administration degree. 

Major (BA) 

The first nine courses listed at the beginning of the Division V section and five 
electives in economics are required of all students pursuing the Bachelor of Arts 
degree. Two advanced electives also must be taken in accounting, business, 
history, politics, sociology, psychology, mathematics, computer science, or 
philosophy. 

Minor 

Intermediate Macroeconomics, Intermediate Microeconomics or History of 
Economic Thought, and three economics electives are required for a minor in 
economics. 

1521. Introduction to Economics , 3 hours 

This course is designed to familiarize the student with basic economic 
concepts. The student will be introduced to a few key economic principles that can 
be used in analyzing various economic events. The material will include a history 
of economic thought, monetary and financial economics, and supply and demand 
analysis. 

3521. Intermediate Microeconomics 3 hours 

An intensive study of the behavior of the consumer and the firm, problems of 
production and distribution, and the structure of markets. Attention is given to 
the effects of price and income changes on product demand and factor supply, the 
use of forecasts, and the study of quantitative analysis of price and product policies 
in various market structures. Prerequisites: 1521 and 1333 or 1335. 

3522. Intermediate Macroeconomics 3 hours 

A comprehensive survey of aggregate economic analysis; the theory and 
measurement of national income and employment; price levels; business fluctua- 
tions; monetary and fiscal policies; and economic growth. Prerequisites: 1521 and 
1331, or 1333, or 1335. 

3523. United States Economic History 3 hours 

A study of the origin and growth of the American economic system; develop- 
ment of an historical basis for understanding present problems and trends in the 
economy. Prerequisite: 1521. 

3524. History of Economic Thought 3 hours 

A study of the major writers and schools of economic thought, related to the 
economic, political, and social institutions of their times; the Medieval, Mercan- 
tilist, Physiocrat, Classical, Marxist, Historical, Neoclassical, Institutionalist, 
Keynesian, and post-Keynesian schools. Prerequisites: 1521 and C161. 

3527. Economic Development 3 hours 

A study of the economic, social, and political factors that account for the 
contrast between the economic stagnation in much of the world and the history 
of steadily rising income in the U.S., Europe, and Japan. Prerequisite: 1521. 



158 



4521. Money and Banking 3 hours 

The nature and development of the monetary and credit system of the United 
States; the functions and activities of financial institutions; commercial banking; 
the Federal Reserve System. Emphasis is upon the relationship between money 
and employment, prices, income, and interest rates. Prerequisites: 3521 and 3522. 

4522. Labor Economics 3 hours 

The history, theory, and practices of the American Labor movement. A study 
of labor organizations as economic and social institutions, including a survey of 
the principles and problems of union-management relationships encountered in 
collective bargaining and in public policies toward labor. Prerequisites: 3521 and 
3522. 

4523. International Economics 3 hours 

A study of international trade and finance; regional specialization; national 
commercial policies; international investments; balance of payments; foreign 
exchange; foreign aid policies; and international agreements on tariffs and trade. 
Prerequisites: 3521 and 3522. 

4525. Public Finance 3 hours 

An analysis of the impact of federal, state, and local government expendi- 
tures, revenues, debt management, and budgeting on the allocation of resources, 
the distribution of income, the stabilization of national income and employment, 
and economic growth. Expenditure patterns, tax structure, microeconomic and 
macroeconomic theories of public expenditures and taxation will be examined. 
Prerequisites: 3521 and 3522. 

4526. Internship - Economics 1-6 hours 

An internship in economics is designed to provide the student with an 
opportunity to gain valuable experience and additional economic analysis and 
interpersonal skills in a supervised organizational environment. In conjunction 
with a business and economics faculty member and an on-site internship supervi- 
sor, the student develops appropriate activities for achieving specific learning 
goals. The internship generally requires the student to work a specified number 
of hours per week, keep a written journal of the work experience, have regularly 
scheduled meetings with the faculty supervisor, and write a research paper dealing 
with some aspect of the internship. An evaluation is prepared by the on-site 
internship supervisor. Internship opportunites are diverse and have included 
such organizations as IBM, the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, the Japanese 
External Trade Organization, the Washington Center, and Merrill Lynch. Graded 
on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Permission of the faculty 
supervisor and qualification for the internship program. 

4527. Independent Study in Economics 1-3 hours 

Supervised research on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

4528. Special Topics in Economics 3 hours 

An intense study of diverse topics under the direct supervision of the 
instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 



159 



International Studies 



For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in International 
Studies, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section of this 
Bulletin. 

Mathematics and Computer Science 

For a complete description of the interdisciplinary major in Mathematics and 
Computer Science, please see the Interdisciplinary Programs and Majors section 
of this Bulletin. 



160 



Division VI 

Education — Undergraduate and 
Graduate 




Undergraduate Programs in Education 

Education provides courses leading to the Bachelor of Arts in elementary and 
secondary education, with elementary concentrations in early childhood (PK-5) 
and middle grades education (4-8). Programs in secondary education (7-12) 
combine an undergraduate major in English, history, mathematics, or science 
(biology, chemistry, physics) with teacher certification. The teacher-preparation 
curricula are fully approved by the Department of Education of the State of 
Georgia; successful program completion is necessary to obtain a teaching certifi- 
cate. Students desiring certification in other states should secure information 
from those states. 

Admission to the Teacher Education Program 

Completion of the Teacher Education Program requires the following steps: 

1 . Admission to the Teacher Education Program. Apply as a second-semester 
sophomore or, for transfer students, as soon as possible after transferring. 

2. Completion of a pre-teaching experience — "September Experience." 
Apply for placement by March 1 of the sophomore year. 

3. Completion of Student Teaching. Apply for spring placement by October 
1, fall placement by March 1. 

4. Completion of the entire approved program as found on the following 
pages. Professional courses should be completed according to the sequence 
listed in the approved program; detailed programs may be obtained from 
the education advisers. 

5. Pass the Georgia State Teacher Certification Test and submit scores to the 
Division of Education. 

Admission to Oglethorpe University does not admit a student to the Teacher 
Education Program. A person doing satisfactory academic work and approved by 
the Teacher Education Council is admitted. Once admitted, the student's progress 
and record are subject to regular review by the adviser, other professors, and the 
Teacher Education Council. Students with observed deficiencies in English or 
their subject field will be required to correct them before student teaching. No 
student on academic probation will be scheduled for student teaching until such 
probation is removed. 

Admission to the program may be granted during the second semester of the 
sophomore year (or as early as possible thereafter) and requires a cumulative 
grade-point average of not less than 2.5 for all college work. Before placement for 
student teaching can be approved the student must show evidence of good moral 
character, emotional stability and physical stamina, a desire to work with children 
and/or youth, a grade of at least "C" in Analytical Writing and in all professional 
and teaching field courses, satisfactory field experiences, and a cumulative grade- 
point average of not less than 2.5 or better on all work taken at Oglethorpe. The 
student's record is subject to regular review from the time of admission to the 
program. 

Completion of the approved program is one of two required steps toward 
teacher certification in Georgia. Students also have to demonstrate competency 
in the subject field by making a satisfactory score on a state administered Teacher 
Certification Test. 



162 



Approved programs leading to teacher certification in Georgia are described 
in the following sections. All approved programs include the requirements for 
meeting core requirements at Oglethorpe. They may require more general 
education than is required to meet the core requirements for graduation. 

Early Childhood Education Major 

The early childhood education major focuses on teaching in grades pre- 
kindergarten through five. In addition to general education core requirements, 
American History to 1865 and American History Since 1865 must be included. 
Students should take Introduction to Education during the freshman or sopho- 
more year. Program requirements for early childhood education are available 
from any education faculty member and must be followed closely to avoid 
scheduling problems in completion of the degree requirements. The program 
includes professional education and methods courses in all content areas and 
culminates in student teaching. 

Middle Grades Education Major 

The middle grades education major focuses on teaching in grades four 
through eight. In addition to general education core requirements, American 
History to 1865 and American History Since 1865 must be included. Students 
should take Introduction to Education during the freshman or sophomore year. 
Program requirements for middle grades education are available from any 
education faculty member and must be followed closely to avoid scheduling 
problems in completion of the degree requirements. The program includes 
professional education courses, methods courses in five basic content areas, and 
two concentrations of 15 and 12 semester hours each. 

Secondary Teacher Certification With Degree in a 
Subject Major 

Students seeking secondary education certification must apply for admission 
to the Teacher Education Program. It is essential that the student confer with an 
education faculty member in addition to his or her subject field adviser to plan a 
schedule that fulfills the certification requirements. 

Students who desire secondary (grades 7-12) teacher certification in addition to 
a major in English, history, mathematics, biology, chemistry, or physics will take the 
following professional education courses: Introduction to Education, Child and 
Adolescent Psychology, Secondary Curriculum, Educational Psychology, The Ex- 
ceptional Child, Secondary Methods, Educational Media, and Student Teaching. 

English 

In addition to the English major requirements, students need: 
3150 Introduction to Linguistics 
361 1 Teaching of Reading or 

4636 Reading in the Content Areas 



163 



History 

Students are required to take all courses listed below as part of the history 
major: 

2216 American History to 1865 

2217 American History Since 1865 
3218 Georgia History 

Mathematics 

In addition to the mathematics major requirements, students need: 
2334 College Geometry 
2338 Statistics 
One additional computer science course 

Science - Biology, Chemistry, and Physics 

No additional content courses are required beyond the major. 

Post-baccalaureate Teacher-Certification 

The post-baccalaureate teacher-certification program is designed for persons 
who have completed a bachelor's degree in a discipline other than education. 
This non-degree program leads to certification in early childhood (PK-5) , middle 
grades (4-8), or the secondary (7-12) teaching fields of English, history, math- 
ematics, biology, chemistry or physics. 

Requirements for admission to the post-baccalaureate teacher certification 
program include a cumulative grade-point average of not less than 2.5 or better 
and admission to the Teacher Education Program as described above. 

Each post-baccalaureate student will meet with his or her adviser to plan an 
individual course of study relating Oglethorpe's program to the requirements for 
teacher certification in Georgia. Students seeking secondary certification must 
meet the course requirements for the major and receive a satisfactory score on a 
standardized test in their major. Course work will be taken at the undergraduate 
level; however, students seeking certification in early childhood or middle grades 
may take a maximum of three courses at the graduate level if they are to be applied 
toward a master's degree. 

Additional courses may be required to complete state subject area require- 
ments at the secondary level. 

Please inquire with the Business Office for current fee information. 



Course Descriptions 



2611. Teaching of Health and Physical Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to introduce the student to health education and 
physical education activities in the pre-kindergarten to fifth grades. A study is 
made of procedures and content in the development of both programs; emphasis 
is on the appraisal of pupil needs and interests. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore standing. 



164 



3611. Teaching of Reading 3 hours 

This course includes methods of teaching reading used in developmental 
reading programs from emergent literacy through the middle grades (or second- 
ary, as needed) and methods of teaching literature. Special emphasis is given to 
whole language teaching. Experience in schools is included. Offered spring 
semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3612. Teaching of Language Arts 3 hours 

This course deals with materials and procedures appropriate for the develop- 
ment of the skills necessary for effective oral and written communication for 
students in pre-kindergarten through the middle grades. Offered fall semester. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3613. Teaching of Social Studies 3 hours 

The main foci of this course are the development of a teaching unit and the 
acquisition of skills, methods, and materials necessary for the preparation of social 
studies teachers. The unit plan emphasizes the integration of social studies with 
other academic disciplines. Students plan and teach one or more social studies 
lessons in a designated classroom setting. Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: 
Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3614. Teaching of Mathematics 3 hours 

A course designed to prepare teachers to plan and teach PK-5 or 4-8 
mathematics. Experience in the schools is included. Offered fall semester. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3615. Teaching of Science 3 hours 

Examines the rationale for teaching science to elementary children. Cur- 
ricula, teaching skills, and methods are studied. Students participate in a simulated 
teaching experience. Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the 
Teacher Education Program. 

3617. Teaching of Music 3 hours 

A study of the fundamentals of music education, including methods and 
materials appropriate for teaching music in the public schools. Experience in the 
schools is included. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequi- 
site: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

3618. Teaching of Art 3 hours 

This course is designed to introduce the early childhood student to art media, 
techniques, and materials. Through an understanding of such media the student 
will learn how to implement art as an integrated early childhood curriculum. 
Experience in the schools is required. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Admis- 
sion to the Teacher Education Program. 

3621. Introduction to Education 3 hours 

A study of the historical development, philosophy, and social issues underly- 
ing the American educational system and the teaching profession. Provision is 
made for regular classroom observation by the student in public schools of the 
Atlanta area. Offered fall and spring semesters. 



165 



3622. Secondary Curriculum 3 hours 

This course examines the nature and goals of secondary education and the 
study of various secondary curricula and curriculum theories. Students develop 
secondary lesson plans and a unit. Special methods in the specific certification 
fields are included. Provision is made for students to observe classrooms in the 
Atlanta area. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher 
Education Program. 

3632. Teaching of Geography 3 hours 

This course focuses on concepts, methods, and materials for teaching geog- 
raphy in grades PK-1 2. In addition to coverage of human-environment interaction, 
attention will be given to the development and practice of skills in geography. 
Offered spring semester and every other summer session. 

3640. The Teacher as Writer 3 hours 

This course is designed to give future teachers an opportunity to engage in 
the writing process in order to conceptualize, write, and submit for publication a 
piece of writing related to an academic or professional interest. An important 
feature of the course will be the creation of a community of writers within the class. 
Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. Prerequisites: C191 and permis- 
sion of the instructor. 

3641. Introduction to Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to acquaint the student with various types of programs 
provided for young children. Theories of early childhood education and social/ 
cultural issues will be discussed. Provision is made for observation by students in 
various early childhood programs in the Atlanta area. Offered spring semester. 

3642. Methods and Materials in Early Childhood Education. 3 hours 

The emphasis of this course is on the development of materials and strategies 
necessary for achieving teaching objectives in early childhood education. A field- 
based component is included. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: Admission to 
the Teacher Education Program. 

3643. Nature and Needs of the Middle Grades Learner 3 hours 

This course relates the characteristics and development of the middle grades 
learner to the rationale, organization, teaching methods, and curriculum of the 
middle school. A field-based component is included. Offered spring semester. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

4612. Elementary Student Teaching and Seminar 3 hours 

A course requiring full-time participation in a school in the Atlanta area 
under the supervision of a qualified supervising teacher. This is designed to 
promote gradual introduction to responsible teaching, including participation in 
the teacher's usual extracurricular activities. A seminar on the University campus 
at designated times during the student-teaching period is part of the course. 
Offered fall and spring semesters. Prerequisites: Approval and completion of 
September Experience, completion of all other course requirements for the 
Teacher Education Program, and a passing score on the Georgia State Teacher 
Certification test. 



166 



4616. Children's Literature 3 hours 

A study of children's literature which includes response to literature, theory 
and research on teaching literature, and evaluation of books for classroom use. 
Within each genre, students read and critique books appropriate for the age level 
they intend to teach. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years. Prerequisite: 
Junior standing. 

4621. Educational Media 3 hours 

Taken concurrently with student teaching, this course will include topics such 
as the operation of equipment and the production and use of media in the 
classroom. Particular emphasis will be placed on the computer and video. A unit 
is developed for use during student teaching. Offered fall and spring semesters. 
Prerequisites: Admission to the Teacher Education Program and placement in 
student teaching. 

4622. Secondary Methods 3 hours 

This course helps prospective teachers attain a clearer view of the contempo- 
rary educational system at work. The main focus is the development of various 
methods and the acquisition by the student of a variety of instructional skills. 
Topics such as classroom management, student motivation, and teacher creativity 
are explored. Field experiences and classroom teaching activities are included. 
Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education 
Program. 

4623. Educational Psychology 3 hours 

A study of learning theory and its application to such problems as classroom 
management, the organization of learning activities, understanding individual 
dif- ferences, and evaluating teaching and learning. Emphasis is given to factors 
which facilitate and interfere with learning. Offered fall and spring semesters. 
Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program or permission of the 
instructor. 

4624. Secondary Student Teaching and Seminar 12 hours 

A course requiring full-time participation in a school in the Atlanta area 
under the supervision of a qualified supervising teacher. This is designed to 
promote gradual introduction to responsible teaching, including participation in 
the teacher's usual extracurricular activities. A seminar on the University campus 
at designated times during the student-teaching period is part of the course. 
Offered fall and spring semesters. Prerequisites: Approval and completion of 
September Experience and completion of all other course requirements for the 
Teacher Education Program. 

4625. The Exceptional Child 3 hours 

This course is designed to assist regular classroom teachers in the identifica- 
tion and education of children who have special needs. Students will learn about 
educational approaches for use with both normal and special learners, and 
methods of diagnostic teaching. Offered fall semester and summer session. 
Prerequisites: Senior standing, admission to the Teacher Education Program, 
and/or permission of the instructor. 

4629. Special Topics in Education T.B.A. 

Content to be determined; course may be taken for credit more than once. 



167 



4636. Reading in the Content Areas 3 hours 

Emphasizes techniques for developing proficiency in reading in content 
fields; study skills and rate improvement will be included. Course requirements 
and content will be consistent with needs of upper elementary and secondary 
teachers. This course is recommended as the reading methods course for English 
education majors. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisite: 
Admission to the Teacher Education Program. 

4651. Topics in Mathematics 3 hours 

Emphasizes content of contemporary interest in middle grades mathematics. 
Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisite: Admission to the 
Teacher Education Program or permission of the instructor. 

4652. Topics in Science 3 hours 

Emphasizes content and teaching methods for middle grades science. Of- 
fered fall semester of even-numbered years. Prerequisite: Admission to the 
Teacher Education Program or permission of the instructor. 

4654. Computers in the Classroom: Applications 3 hours 

Applications commonly used by teachers for production, management, and 
instruction are introduced and used in an educational context. Included are word 
processing, outliners, databases, spreadsheets, and graphics. All applications 
selected are for the Macintosh or Apple II series computers. Offered summer 
session of even-numbered summers. 

Graduate Programs in Education 

All graduate work is administered by the Education Division, which is 
governed by the Teacher Education Council under the policies of the University. 
The Teacher Education Council is the policy-making body chosen from the 
faculty and administration, under the leadership of the chair of the Education 
Division. 

The purposes of the graduate program are to provide well-qualified students 
with the opportunity to obtain a master's degree, and to provide members of the 
teaching profession with the opportunity to enhance their competencies and 
knowledge in the area of elementary education. Inherent in the guiding philoso- 
phy is the assumption that graduate study includes more than the passing of 
prescribed courses and the meeting of minimum requirements. All students who 
receive graduate degrees must possess a broad knowledge of the literature of their 
field of study, be capable of sustained study, exhibit the power of independent 
thinking, and possess reasonable knowledge of the techniques of research. 

Oglethorpe University offers a program leading to the Master of Arts degree 
in either early childhood education or middle grades education. Graduates are 
eligible for T5 certification in Georgia. A minimum of 25 percent of the courses 
used to meet degree requirements will contain a field-based component. 

Completion of the master's program requires the following steps: 

1. Full admission to the graduate program. 

2. Admission to candidacy; apply after completion of 12 semester hours 
graduate credit at Oglethorpe. 



168 



3. Satisfactory completion of a comprehensive final examination. Apply 
after completion of all required courses but not sooner than one semester 
prior to expected graduation. 

4. Completion of 36 semester hours approved credit. Application for 
graduation should be made in the Registrar's Office by mid-October prior 
to graduation the following May or August. 

Admission 

Upon recommendation of the chair of the Education Division and approval 
by the Teacher Education Council, a person holding a bachelor's degree in an 
approved field of education from an accredited college or university may be 
admitted to the graduate program. In addition to general requirements pre- 
scribed, the applicant must submit transcripts of all previous work completed; 
satisfactory scores on either the Graduate Record Examination (verbal and 
quantitative), the National Teacher Examination (core battery), or the Miller 
Analogies Test; two recommendations (form provided) from previous colleges 
attended and/or employers; a copy of valid teaching certificate; and, when 
deemed necessary, take validating examinations or preparatory work. Students 
who do not have a Georgia T4 certificate in either early or middle grades must 
contact the Graduate Admission Counselor regarding evaluation prior to admis- 
sion. Candidates not previously prepared for teaching must meet requirements 
for first professional certification before completing requirements for the master's 
degree. 

Application forms may be obtained from the Admissions Office of the 
University. Completed forms should be returned to the Admissions Office as soon 
as possible but at least 20 days prior to the semester in which the applicant expects 
to enroll. These forms should be accompanied by a $25 application fee (non- 
refundable). All material (completed forms, fee, transcripts, and test scores) 
should be sent directly to the Admissions Office, Oglethorpe University, 4484 
Peachtree Road N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797. 

If an applicant does not choose to enter the graduate program in the semester 
indicated on the application, the applicant should notify the Office of Admissions 
of the change and indicate a new date of entrance, if applicable. Otherwise, the 
original admission will be canceled, the file discontinued, and a new application 
may be required for admission at a later date. 

Admission to the graduate program does not imply ultimate acceptance as a 
candidate for an advanced degree. For admission to candidacy, see the section 
Admission to Candidacy. 

Classification 

Students may be admitted to the graduate program under any one of the 
following classifications: 

Regular. A student who has a cumulative grade-point average of not less than 
2.5 on a 4.0 scale, satisfactory scores on the GRE, NTE, or MAT, and the 
recommendation of the chair of the Education Division, and who has completed 
all prerequisites required for admission may be admitted as a regular graduate 
student. 



169 



Graduate Applicant. Requirements for admission as a graduate applicant are 
the same as for regular admission. A student would apply in this category if he or 
she planned on pursuing a graduate degree but for some reason was unable to 
complete the admission file before the start of the semester. Persons admitted as 
graduate applicant students may be credited a maximum of 12 semester hours 
toward the Master of Arts degree while awaiting full admission to the program. 

A senior within six semester hours of completing requirements for the 
bachelor's degree may be permitted to enroll in courses for graduate credit 
provided that: (1) the student has the permission of the chair of the Education 
Division; (2) the student is otherwise qualified for admission to graduate study 
except for the degree; and (3) the total load in a semester would not exceed 15 
semester hours. Under no circumstances may a course be used for both graduate 
and undergraduate credit. 

Unclassified (Non-degree seeking). The student must present transcripts and 
verification of an undergraduate degree in education, including satisfactory 
completion of student teaching. Students applying in this category would be 
renewing a certificate or taking classes for personal enrichment. Up to six 
semester hours of credit earned by a student in this category may be counted 
toward the degree only if the student is admitted to the Graduate Education 
Program and the chair of the Education Division approves. 

Transient. A student in good standing in another recognized graduate school 
who wishes to enroll in the graduate program of Oglethorpe University and who 
plans to return thereafter to the former institution may be admitted as a transient 
graduate student. In lieu of full transcripts and regular applications the student 
must submit a transient student application form completed by the graduate dean 
listing specific courses to be taken for credit. Any student admitted on this basis 
should understand that registration terminates upon the completion of the work 
authorized by the degree-granting institution. If later electing to seek a degree 
from Oglethorpe University, the student must make formal application for 
admission and may petition to have credit earned as a transient student applied 
toward the degree at the University. 



Admission to Candidacy 



Application for admission to candidacy for the Master of Arts degree must be 
filed with the chair of the Education Division after the student has 12 semester 
hours of graduate study at Oglethorpe University. Admission to candidacy would 
be given or refused following an examination of the overall work of the student 
and careful review of the work completed at Oglethorpe. Notice of action taken 
on application for admission to candidacy will be given in writing to the student 
and to the student's adviser. The student seeking the Master of Arts degree must 
furnish proof to the chair of the Education Division or to the Graduate Admission 
Counselor of eligibility for first professional certification or include appropriate 
make-up work in the program. 

Residence. At least 30 semester hours of graduate work must be completed 
on campus. 



170 



Time Limit. In any graduate program all work (including the comprehensive 
examination) must be completed within a six-year period. It is expected that the 
student will complete the program with reasonable continuity. 

Transfer, Extension, Correspondence Credit. A maximum of six semester 
hours of graduate credit may be transferred from another accredited institution 
subject to the following conditions: ( 1 ) transfer credit will not be considered prior 
to admission to candidacy; (2) work already applied toward another degree 
cannot be accepted; (3) work must have been completed within the six-year 
period allowed for the completion of degree requirements; (4) work must have 
been applicable toward a graduate degree at the institution where the credit was 
earned; (5) work offered for transfer must have the approval of the Education 
Division; and (6) acceptance of the transfer credit does not reduce the residence 
requirement. 

Under no circumstances may credit earned through correspondence work be 
applied toward satisfaction of degree requirements. 

Advisement 

Upon admission to the graduate program, each student is assigned to a 
member of the graduate faculty in education who serves as adviser and guides the 
student in planning a program of study. 



Registration 



Registration dates for each semester are listed in the University Calendar at 
the front of this Bulletin. Several weeks prior to the beginning of each semester, 
students may obtain from the Registrar's Office a schedule of classes for that 
particular semester. Graduate summer sessions may vary slightly either as to dates 
or length of course. 



Course Load 



The maximum course load for any graduate student is 12 credit hours per 
regular semester or six credit hours in a summer session. In some cases, students 
may take nine hours in the summer by special permission if previous performance 
has been excellent. A person working more than 30 hours per week normally may 
not register for more than six hours credit per semester. In all cases, the graduate 
student is urged to register for only the number of hours which can be successfully 
completed. 



Tuition and Fees 



Graduate students are charged at the rate of $395 (1994-95 rate) per 3 
semester hour course. An application fee (non-refundable) of $25 must accom- 
pany the application. 

An application for degree must be made by mid-October in the Registrar's 
Office prior to completion of degree requirements the following December, May, 
or August at which time a $70 graduation fee is due. 

All fees are subject to change. Please inquire with the Business Office for 
current fee information. 



171 



Withdrawals and Refunds 



Students who find it necessary to drop courses or change courses must secure 
a Drop/Add form from the Registrar's Office. Refunds are subject to the same 
requirements as explained in the section on Tuition and Costs. 



Grading 



For a complete description of Oglethorpe's grading scale, please refer to the 
Academic Regulations and Policies section of this Bulletin. 



Standards 



Candidates for the master's degree must meet the following academic 
standards: 

1. The student's overall grade-point average for work submitted in the 
graduate program must be 3.0 or higher. 

2. If, in any case, the candidate fails to maintain satisfactory academic 
standards a review by the Teacher Education Council will determine the 
student's continuation in a graduate program. 

Any student will be placed on academic probation who falls below a "B" 
average (GPA of 3.0) or has a total of two course grades of "C" or below. 

Any student will be dismissed from the graduate program who receives a third 
grade of "C" or less or who does not achieve a "B" average upon completion of 
three additional graduate courses. 

Comprehensive Final Examination 

A comprehensive final examination is required of all candidates for the 
master's degree at or about the time all other requirements have been met. The 
following regulations govern the administration of the comprehensive examina- 
tion: 

1. The student must have completed all course work or be taking the final 
elective course in order to take the examination. 

2. The examinations are developed and administered by such members of 
the graduate faculty as may be appointed by the chair of the Education 
Division. 

3. The examination may cover all work prescribed by the student's program 
of work, including transferred work. 

4. A student may be permitted one makeup examination. 



Graduation 



Graduation exercises are held twice a year at Oglethorpe — in May and in 
August. Diplomas are awarded at these ceremonies. 



172 



Course Requirements 



The program leading to the master's degree will require a minimum of 36 
semester hours of course credit beyond the bachelor's degree as outlined below: 

Early Childhood Education 

Area I. Professional Education 12 hours 

6601 Foundations of Research in Education 

6611 Psychological Foundations of Learning 

6621 Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education 

6643 Growth and Development: The Young Child 

Area II. Curriculum and Teaching 21 hours 

6631 Foundations of Reading Instruction 

6645 Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education 
Select one of the following courses: 
6641 Issues in Early Childhood Education 

6644 Creative Experiences in Early Childhood Education 
Language Arts - Select one: 

6613 Language Arts for Elementary Schools 
6616 Children's Literature 

Mathematics - Select one: 

6614 Mathematics for Elementary Schools 

6651 Topics in Mathematics 
Science - Select one: 

6615 Science for Elementary Schools 

6652 Topics in Science 
Social Studies - Select one: 

6612 Social Studies for Elementary Schools 

6632 Teaching of Geography 
6656 Topics in Social Studies 

Area III. Electives - Select one 3 hours 

6625 The Exceptional Child - will replace the elective 

for any student who has not had an equivalent course 

Middle Grades Education 

Area I. Professional Education 12 hours 

6601 Foundations of Research in Education 

6611 Psychological Foundations of Learning 

6621 Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education 

6623 The Middle School Learner 

Area II. Curriculum and Teaching 18 hours 

6631 Foundations of Reading Instruction 
Select three courses from one of the following concentrations and 
two courses from a second concentration: 
Language Arts 

6613 Language Arts for Elementary Schools (required) 

6616 Children's Literature 

6634 Individualizing Reading Instruction 
6636 Reading in the Content Areas 



173 



Mathematics 

6614 Mathematics for Elementary Schools (required) 

6651 Topics in Mathematics 

6654 Computers in the Classroom: Applications 
Science 

6615 Science for Elementary Schools (required) 

6652 Topics in Science 

6654 Computers in the Classroom: Applications 
Social Studies 
6612 Social Studies for Elementary Schools (required) 
6632 Teaching of Geography 
Area III. Electives - Select Two 6 hours 



Course Descriptions 



*6601. Foundations of Research in Education 3 hours 

This course investigates the nature and principles of qualitative and quanti- 
tative research in education with particular emphasis upon the interpretation and 
design of basic research in education. Offered fall semester and summer session 
of odd-numbered years. 

*6611. Psychological Foundations of Learning 3 hours 

This course examines the nature and facilitation of student learning. Teach- 
ing methods and skills are considered. Offered spring semester and summer 
session of even-numbered years. 

6612. Social Studies for Elementary Schools '. 3 hours 

This course enhances the teaching abilities and creativity of the teacher of 
social studies in the elementary schools. The unit approach is emphasized and 
students are expected to develop an interdisciplinary social studies unit on a 
pertinent topic. Offered summer session. 

6613. Language Arts for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

Language arts curriculum goals, content, and teaching problems from 
preschool through middle school are considered in relation to research and 
theory on language development and pedagogy. Offered spring semester of even- 
numbered years. 

6614. Mathematics for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

Applications of general teaching methods to mathematics and the study of 
mathematics materials, programs, and teaching skills are included in this course. 
Offered fall semester. 

6615. Science for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

This course focuses on developing the skills and attitudes needed to teach 
today's activity-oriented science curricula. Each participant can adapt work to her 
or his needs and interests through choice of readings, activities, and development 
of materials. Offered summer session of odd-numbered years. 



174 



6616. Children's Literature 3 hours 

A study of children's literature which includes response to literature, theory 
and research on teaching literature, and evaluation of books for classroom use. 
Within each genre, students read and critique books appropriate for the age level 
they teach. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years. 

6617. Music for Elementary Schools 3 hours 

A course designed to enhance the competence and creativity of the teacher 
in music for the elementary school. Offered spring semester of even-numbered 
years. 

*6621. Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education 3 hours 

A study of the historical and philosophical foundations of education from 
antiquity to the present. The reading, discussion, and analysis of significant 
primary texts will be an important component of the course. Offered spring 
semester. 

6622. Educational Media 3 hours 

The course studies operation of audio-visual equipment; techniques of 
producing a variety of graphics, slides, transparencies and tapes; and use of media 
for teaching. Computers and video are emphasized. Class members plan and 
produce a series of materials for their own teaching situations. Offered summer 
session of even-numbered years. 

6623. The Middle School Learner 3 hours 

Emphasis is on the nature of the middle school child, including characteris- 
tics, needs, and assessment. Methods of using the curriculum and educational 
program to meet the diverse educational needs of the middle school learner are 
examined as they relate to the nature of the child. Offered summer session. 

6624. Models of Teaching 3 hours 

This course examines and compares a variety of approaches to teaching. The 
approaches examined help stimulate creative learning environments; foster 
thinking which can be used to analyze, compare, and contrast various modes of 
instruction; and provide alternative teaching strategies to educators. Taught 
occasionally. 

6625. The Exceptional Child 3 hours 

This course is designed to assist regular classroom teachers in the identifica- 
tion and education of children who have special needs. Students will learn about 
educational approaches for use with both normal and special learners, and will 
learn methods of diagnostic teaching. Offered fall semester and summer session. 

6626. Practicum in Early Childhood Education 3 or 6 hours 

Practicum, with in-school component, designed to qualify add-on certificate 
in early childhood grades. 

6627. Practicum in Middle Grades Education 3 or 6 hours 

Practicum, with in-school component, designed to qualify add-on certificate 
in middle grades. 

6629. Special Topics in Education T.B.A. 

Content to be determined; course may be taken for credit more than once. 



175 



*6631. Foundations of Reading Instruction 3 hours 

A study of the nature of reading with emphasis given to the skills required in 
reading. Basic principles, techniques, methods, and materials which provide for 
differentiated instruction are considered. A whole language approach is empha- 
sized. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years and summer session. 

6632. Teaching of Geography 3 hours 

This course focuses on concepts, methods, and materials for teaching geog- 
raphy in grades PK-1 2. In addition to coverage of human-environment interaction, 
attention will be given to the development and practice of skills in geography. 
Offered spring semester and every other summer session. 

6634. Individualizing Reading Instruction 3 hours 

A study of the nature of reading problems. Practice is given in the administra- 
tion and interpretation of formal and informal diagnostic procedures. Corrective 
and remedial techniques, materials, and procedures will be studied. Emphasis will 
be given to less severe disabilities. This course is designed for the experienced 
teacher. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. Prerequisite: 6631 or 
equivalent. 

6636. Reading in the Content Areas 3 hours 

Emphasizes techniques for developing proficiency in reading in content 
fields; study skills and rate improvement will be included. Course requirements 
and content will be consistent with needs of upper elementary and secondary 
teachers. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. 

6640. The Teacher as Writer 3 hours 

This course is designed to give teachers an opportunity to engage in the 
writing process in order to conceptualize, write, and submit for publication a piece 
of writing related to an academic or professional interest. An important feature 
of the course will be the creation of a community of writers within the class. 
Offered spring semester of even-numbered years. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
instructor. 

6641. Issues in Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to examine in depth current issues in early childhood 
education. Offered spring semester of odd-numbered years. 

6643. Growth and Development: The Young Child 3 hours 

A study of growth and development from infancy through fifth grade. 
Included are theories which describe physical, social, emotional, and intellectual 
development and the ways in which these relate to learning. Offered spring 
semester. 

6644. Creative Experiences in Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

This course is designed to provide theory and methods for developing 
creativity in young children. The emphasis is on utilizing children's literature, 
music, art, and movement education to provide an integrative approach for 
understanding creativity. Offered summer sessions of odd-numbered years. 



176 



6645. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education 3 hours 

This course provides the student with increased proficiency in applying 
concepts, understandings, and generalizations, as well as knowledge and skills, to 
the various curriculum areas commonly ascribed to the field of early childhood 
education. A project applying theory to practice is a major part of the course 
requirements. Offered fall semester. 

6651. Topics in Mathematics 3 hours 

This course emphasizes content for topics of contemporary interest through 
middle grades mathematics. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. Pre- 
requisite: Admission to the Graduate Program. 

6652. Topics in Science 3 hours 

This course emphasizes content for topics of contemporary interest through 
middle grades science. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years. Prerequi- 
site: Admission to the Graduate Program. 

6653. Computers in the Classroom: Programming 3 hours 

This course introduces the teacher to computer and disk commands for the 
Apple computer. Proficiency in writing BASIC educational programs is developed 
and LOGO programming is introduced. Taught occasionally. 

6654. Computers in the Classroom: Applications 3 hours 

Applications commonly used by teachers for production, management, and 
instruction are introduced and used in an educational context. Included are word 
processing, outliners, databases, spreadsheets, and graphics. All applications 
selected are for the Macintosh or Apple II series computers. Offered fall semester 
of even-numbered years. 

6656. Topics in Social Studies 3 hours 

This course is an in-depth study of the content and related teaching methods 
relevant to topics in the teaching of social studies curriculum. Offered fall 
semester. 



^Courses required for all graduate students. 



177 



Board of Trustees 



Officers 



Franklin L. Burke '66 

Chairman 

Jesse S. Hall 
Vice Chairman 

Trustees 



Mark L. Stevens 

Secretary 

Warren Y. Jobe 

Treasurer 



Norman J. Arnold '52 

Vice Chairman, Board of Directors 
Ben Arnold Company, Inc. 
Columbia, South Carolina 

Marshall A. Asher, Jr. '41 

Retired Assistant Territorial Controller 
Sears Roebuck & Company 

Franklin L. Burke '66 
President 
Ridgewood Development Corp. 

John H. Cary 

Group Managing Partner 
Price Waterhouse 

Kenneth S. Chestnut 
Chief Operating Officer 
H.J. Russell & Company 

Miriam H. Conant 
President 

John H. & Wilhelminia D. Harland 
Charitable Foundation 

Belle Turner Cross '61 
Atlanta 

Robert B. Currey '66 
Chairman 
Currey and Company 



Elmo I. Ellis 

Newspaper Columnist 
Retired Vice President 
Cox Broadcasting Corporation 

William A. Emerson 

Retired Senior Vice President 
Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner 

& Smith 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

Robert P. Forrestal 
President 
Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 

Deborah S. Gabbard '90 

Master Social Worker 
Jewish Family Services 

Joel Goldberg 
President 
Contech, Inc. 

Jesse S. Hall 

Executive Vice President 
SunTrust Banks, Inc. 

Gary C. Harden '69 
President 
Major Leasing, Inc. 



178 



Hollis L. Harris 

Vice Chairman, President, 

and Chief Executive Officer 
Air Canada Center 
Montreal, Canada 

Warren Y. Jobe 

Executive Vice President and 

Chief Financial Officer 
Georgia Power Company 

J. Smith Lanier, II 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer 
J. Smith Lanier and Company 

Fitzhugh M. Legerton 
Retired Pastor 
Oglethorpe Presbyterian Church 

Clare (Tia) Magbee '56 
Atlanta 

Joseph M. Mauriello 

Regional Vice President (Southern) 
' AT&T - Network Systems 

Edward E. Noble 

Investor and Developer 
Noble Properties 



Stephen J. Schmidt '40 
Chairman of the Board and 

Chief Executive Officer 
Dixie Seal & Stamp Company 

Raghbir K. Sehgal 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer 
Law Companies Group, Inc. 

Arnold B. Sidman 
Of Counsel 

Chamberlain, Hrdlicka, White, 
Johnson and Williams 

Donald S. Stanton 
President 
Oglethorpe University 

Mark L. Stevens 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer 
Imperial Charlotte, Inc. 
Charlotte, North Carolina 

Murray D. Wood 
Lecturer 

Mayland Community College 
Spruce Pine, North Carolina 



John J. Scalley 

Executive Vice President 
Genuine Parts Company 

Trustees Emeriti 



Howard G. Axelberg '40 

Retired Chairman of the Board 
Liller, Neal, Inc. 

Thomas L. Camp '25 

Retired Emeritus Chief fudge 
State Court of Fulton County 

John W. Crouch '29 

Retired Certified Public Accountant 
Atlanta 



Lu Thomasson Garrett '52 
Atlanta 

George E. Goodwin 

Retired Senior Counselor 
Manning, Selvage & Lee/Atlanta 

C. Edward Hansell 
Special Counsel 
Jones, Day, Reavis and Pogue 



179 



Arthur Howell Mack A. Rikard '37 

Retired Senior Partner President 

Alston & Bird Allied Products Company 

Birmingham, Alabama 

Edward D. Lord 

Retired Vice President /Group Sales Charles L. Towers 

Life Insurance Company of Georgia Retired Vice President 

Shell Oil Company 

James P. McLain 
Attorney 
McLain and Merritt 



180 



President's 
Advisory Council 



Officers 



Talmage L. Dryman 

Chairman 

Members 



Charles S. Ackerman 
Vice Chairman 



Charles S. Ackerman 
President 
Ackerman & Company 

Robert Amick '72 
Principal 
Peasant Restaurants, Inc. 

Yetty Levenson Arp '68 
Atlanta 

Judith M. Becker 
Attorney 
Becker & Fortune 

Hugh D. Bishop '37 

Retired (Westinghouse Corporation) 

Robert E. Carpenter 
Retired President 
Cotton States Insurance Cos. 

Ronald C. David 

Director, Civic Affairs/ 

Community Service 
Atlanta Gas Light Company 

Herbert E. Drake, Jr. 
President 
Drake & Funsten, Inc. 

Talmage L. Dryman 

The Talmage Dryman Company 



Franklin M. Garrett 
Historian 
The Atlanta Historical Society 

Louis A. Gerland,Jr. 

Retired (Coca-Cola U.S.A.) 

Donald A. Harp 
Senior Pastor 

Peachtree Road United Methodist 
Church 

William J. Hogan '72 
Vice President 
Paine Webber 

Malcolm Holmes 
Atlanta 

Walter J. Huntley 
President 

Atlanta Economic Development 
Corporation 

Helen Gore Lathem '52 
Atlanta 

John C. McCune 

McCune & Associates 

J. Anthony Meyer '71 
Treasurer 
Russell Corporation 



181 



John O. Mitchell 
President 
Mitchell Motors, Inc. 



Peter C. Schultz 
President 
Heraeus Amersil, Inc. 



Thomas W. Phillips, M.D. '63 
Northside Hospital 

Institute for Cancer Control 

W. R. Randolph 
Atlanta 

Charles A. Riepenhoff 
Partner 
Peat Marwick Main & Company 

M. Collier Ross 

Retired Lieutenant General 
United States Army 

Frank Rozelle, Jr. 
Executive Director 
The Exposition Foundation 



John O. Skelton 
Partner 
Ernst & Young 

Susan M. Soper '69 

Assistant Managing Editor /Features 
The Atlanta Journal/Constitution 

Judy Wood Talley '80 

Atlanta Committee for the Olympic 
Games 

Timothy P. Tassopoulos '81 
Director - Field Operations 
Chick-fil-A 

Robert C. Watkins, Jr. 
Vice President 
Conveyors & Drives, Inc. 



182 



Alumni Association 
Board of Directors 



Officers 



Barbara Bessmer Henry '85 

President 

O. K. Sheffield '53 

President-Elect 

M. Sydney Mobley Moss '59 

First Vice President 



Directors 



Bernard Van der Lande '76 

Second Vice President 

Diane Lyon Gray '77 

Secretary 

Andy P. Geeter '89 

Parliamentarian 



G. Malcolm Amerson 

Faculty Representative 

A. Diane Baker '77 

Assistant General Counsel 
NationsBank Corp. 

Robert L. Boggus '49 
Retired 

Martha Laird Bowen '61 
Trust Company of Georgia 

Thomas M. Browning '67 
Attorney - Partner 

Barnes, Browning, Tanksley, Carr 
& Casurella 

Albert F. Burns '52 
Free Lance Editor 

Andy P. Geeter '89 
Admission Counselor 
Oglethorpe University 

Diane Lyon Gray '77 

Manager - Financial Affairs 
The Coca-Cola Company 

Barbara Bessmer Henry '85 
Graduate Admission Counselor 
Oglethorpe University 



Jill Helmbold James '88 
Director of Resident Services 
St. Anne's Terrace 

Gail Lynn '77 

Assistant Vice President 
NationsBank 

Joan Phillips Millar '64 

Atlanta 

Sidney Mobley Moss '59 
Vice President 
Trust Company Bank 

Julian Pawlowski, Jr. '92 

Young Alumni Club President 

Donna Cron Rasile '82 
Institutional Equity Sales 
Salomon Brothers 

O. K. Sheffield '53 
Retired 

Charlotte Shirah Steed '62 
Realtor, Broker, Owner 
ReMax Marietta West 

Bernard Van der Lande '76 
President 
Ashford, Inc. 



183 



The Faculty 

(Year of appointment in parentheses) 



G. Malcolm Amerson (1968) 
James Edward Oglethorpe 

Professor of Biology 
B.S., Berry College 
M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Keith H. Aufderheide (1980) 
Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., Wilmington College 
Ph.D., Miami University 

Keith E. Baker (1983) 

Director of Accounting Studies 
B.S., Youngstown State University 
M.A., University of Florida 
C.P.A., Georgia 

Robert A. Blumenthal (1989) 
Professor of Mathematics 
B.A., University of Rochester 
Ph.D., Washington University 

James A. Bohart (1972) 
Associate Professor of Music 
B.S., M.M., Northern Illinois University 

William L. Brightman (1975) 
Professor of English 
A.B., Ph.D., University of Washington 

Adrian Brock (1994) 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 
B.Sc, Manchester Metropolitan 

University, England 
M. Phil., University of Cambridge, 

England 
Ph.D., York University, Canada 

AjithonyS. Caprio (1989) 
Provost and Professor 
B.A., Wesleyan University 
M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 

Ronald L. Carlisle (1985) 
Professor of Computer Science 

and Mathematics 
Director of Computer Services 
B.A., Emory University 
M.A., Atlanta University 
Ph.D., Emory University 



David Chawszczewski (1993) 
Assistant Professor of Education 
B.A., Knox College 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

Barbara R. Clark (1971) 
Professor of English 
B.A., Georgia State University 
M.A., University of Kansas 
M.P.A., Georgia State University 
Ph.D., University of Georgia 
C.P.A., Georgia 

John A. Cramer (1980) 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., Wheaton College 
M.A., Ohio University 
Ph.D., Texas A&M University 

Timothy H. Hand (1990) 

Associate Professor of Psychology 
B.S., Central Michigan University 
M.S., Ph.D., McGill University 

Bruce W. Hetherington (1980) 
Professor of Economics 
B.B.A. Madison College 
M.A., Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic 
Institute 

Raymond J. Kaiser (1986) 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
B.S., University of Notre Dame 
M.S., Ph.D., Louisiana State University 

Nancy H.Kerr (1983) 
Professor of Psychology 
B.A., Stanford University 
Ph.D., Cornell University 

Charlotte Lee Knippenberg '82 (1990) 
Director of the Drama Program 
B.A., Oglethorpe University 
M.F.A., University of Georgia 

Joseph M. Knippenberg (1985) 
Associate Professor of Political Studies 
B.A., James Madison College of 

Michigan State University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Toronto 



184 



John B. Knott, III (1971) 
Executive Vice President 
A.B., University of North Carolina 
M.Div., Duke University 
Ph.D., Emory University 

Robin M. Le Blanc (1994) 
Assistant Professor of Politics 
B.A., Berry College 
Ph.D., University of Oklahoma 

JayLutz (1988) 

Associate Professor of French 
B.A. Antioch University 
M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 

Alexander M. Martin (1993) 
Assistant Professor of History 
B.A., Cornell University 
M.A., Columbia University 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 

Michael F. McClure (1993) 
Assistant Professor of English 
B.A., M.A., Humboldt State University 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 

Douglas McFarland (1992) 
Assistant Professor of English 
B.A., Pomona College 
M.A., San Francisco State University 
Ph.D., University of California 

MaryM. Middleton (1988) 
Associate Professor of Accounting 
B.S., M.S., University of Virginia 
Ph.D., University of Georgia 

Philip J. Neujahr (1973) 
Professor of Philosophy 
B.A. Stanford University 
M.Phil., Ph.D., Yale University 

Lloyd Nick (1984) 

Director of Art Programs 

Director of the Oglethorpe University 

Museum 
B.F.A., Hunter College 
M.F.A., University of Pennsylvania 

Ken Nishimura (1964) 
Professor of Philosophy 
A.B., Pasadena College 
M.Div., Asbury Theological Seminary 
Ph.D., Emory University 

JohnD. Orme (1983) 

Associate Professor of Political Studies 
B.A., University of Oregon 
M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 



Viviana P. Plotnik (1994) 
Assistant Professor of Spanish 
Licenciatura, Universidad de Belgrano, 

Argentina 
M.A., University of Minnesota 
Ph.D., New York University 

W.Irwin Ray (1986) 

Director of Musical Activities 
B.M., Samford University 
M.C.M., D.M.A., Southern Baptist 
Theological Seminary 

Michael K Rulison (1982) 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., University of Illinois 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Georgia 

John A. Ryland (1985) 
Librarian 

B.A., M.A., Florida State University 

Bibliotekarseksamen, Royal School 

of Librarianship-Copenhagen 

Daniel L. Schadler (1975) 
Professor of Biology 
A.B., Thomas More College 
M.S., Ph.D., Cornell University 

William C. Schulz, III (1992) 
Assistant Professor of Business 

Administration 
B.A., New College of the University of 

South Florida 
M.A., Indiana University 
Ph.D., University of Georgia 

William O. Shropshire (1979) 
Callaway Professor of Economics 
B.A., Washington and Lee University 
Ph.D., Duke University 

W. Bradford Smith (1994) 
Assistant Professor of History 
B.A., University of Michigan 
Ph.D., Emory University 

Donald S. Stanton (1988) 
President 

A.B., Western Maryland College 
M.Div., Wesley Seminary 
M.A., The American University 
Ed.D., University of Virginia 
L.H.D., Columbia College 
LL.D., Western Maryland College 
Litt.D., Albion College 



185 



John C. Stevens (1975) 
Professor of Education 
A.B., University of Denver 
M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Georgia 

Brad L.Stone (1982) 
Professor of Sociology 
B.S., M.S., Brigham Young University 
Ph.D., University of Illinois 

William F. Straley (1990) 
Associate Professor of Business 

Administration 
B.S., M.S., M.B.A., Georgia State 

University 
Ph.D., Auburn University 

Carol L. Talbot (1994) 

Assistant Professor of Education 
B.S., Louisiana State University 
M.Ed., University of New Orleans 
Ph.D., University of Texas 

Linda J. Taylor (1975) 
Professor of English 
A.B., Cornell University 
Ph.D., Brown University 

John A. Thames (1977) 

Dean of Continuing Education 
B.A., Vanderbilt University 
M.A., Columbia University 
Ed.D., University of Southern 
California 

David N. Thomas (1968) 
Professor of History 
A.B., Coker College 
M.A., Ph.D., University of North 

Carolina 
D.H., Francis Marion College 

J. Dean Tucker (1988) 

Associate Professor of Business 

Administration and Economics 
Mack A. Rikard Chair in Business 

Administration and Economics 
B.S., M.A., Ohio State University 
Ph.D., Michigan State University 



Vienna Kern Volante (1987) 
Associate Professor of Education 
Vera A. Milner Professor of Elementary 

Education 
B.A., University of North Carolina 

at Greensboro 
M.A., East Tennessee State University 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 

Victoria L. Weiss (1977) 
Professor of English 
Manning M. Pattillo Professor of 

Liberal Arts 
B.A., St. Norbert College 
M.A., Ph.D., Lehigh University 

Jason M. Wirth (1994) 

Visiting Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., College of the Holy Cross 
M.A., Villanova University 
Ph.D., State University of New York 

Monte W. Wolf (1978) 
Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., University of California 
Ph.D., University of Southern 
California 

Alan N.Woolfolk( 1989) 
Associate Professor of Sociology 
B.S., M.A., University of Pennsylvania 
M.S., University of Oregon 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 

Philip P. Zinsmeister (1973) 
Professor of Biology 
B.S., Wittenberg University 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Illinois 



186 



Professors Emeriti 



Thomas W. Chandler (1961) 
Librarian Emeritus 
B.A., M.Ln., Emory University 

Charlton H.Jones (1974) 
Professor Emeritus of Business 

Administration 
B.S., University of Illinois 
M.B.A., Ph.D., University of Michigan 

J. Brien Key (1965) 

Professor Emeritus of History 

A.B., Birmingham-Southern College 

M.A., Vanderbilt University 

Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University 

James R. Miles (1950) 

Prof essor Emeritus of Business 

Administration 
A.B., B.S., University of Alabama 
M.B.A., Ohio State University 

Henry S. Miller (1974) 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 

A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 

David K.Mosher (1972) 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
B.A., Harvard University 
B.S.A.E., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
Technology 



Philip F. Palmer (1964) 

Professor Emeritus of Political Studies 
A.B., M.A., University of 
New Hampshire 

T. LavonTalley (1968) 

Professor Emeritus of Education 

B.S., M.S., Ed.D., Auburn University 

Louise M. Valine (1978) 
Professor Emerita of Education 
B.S., University of Houston 
M.Ed., University of Georgia 
Ed.D., Auburn University 

Martha H. Vardeman (1966) 
Professor Emerita of Sociology 
B.S., M.S., Auburn University 
Ph.D., University of Alabama 

George F. Wheeler (1953) 
Professor Emeritus of Physics 
A.B., Ohio State University 
M.A., California Institute 
of Technology 



187 



Administration 

(Year of appointment in parentheses) 



Donald S. Stanton (1988) 
President 

A.B., Western Maryland College 
M.Div., Wesley Seminary 
M.A., The American University 
Ed.D., University of Virginia 
L.H.D., Columbia College 
LL.D., Western Maryland College 
Litt.D., Albion College 

Anthony S. Caprio (1989) 
Provost 

BA., Wesleyan University 
M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 

Paul L. Dillingham (1984) 
Vice President for Development 
B.S., University of Kentucky 

John B. Knott, III (1971) 
Executive Vice President 
A.B., University of North Carolina 
M.Div., Duke University 
Ph.D., Emory University 

Donald R. Moore (1986) 

Vice President for Student Affairs/ 

Dean of Community Life 
B.A., Emory University 
J.D., Emory University School of Law 

Academic Affairs 



Manning M. Pattillo, Jr. (1975) 
Honorary Chancellor 
B.A., University of the South 
A.M., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
LL.D., LeMoyne College 
LL.D., St. John's University 
L.H.D., University of Detroit 
L.H.D., College of New Rochelle 
L.H.D., Park College 
Litt.D., St. Norbert College 
D.C.L., University of the South 
L.L.D., Oglethorpe University 

Kenneth B.Stark (1989) 

Executive Director of Public Relations 
B.J., University of Missouri 

John A. Thames (1977) 

Dean of Continuing Education 
B.A., Vanderbilt University 
M.A., Columbia University 
Ed.D., University of Southern 
California 

Eleanor O. Burgin (1991) 

Administrative Assistant to the President 



Anthony S. Caprio 
Provost 

John A. Ryland 
Librarian 

Deborah Dejuan 

Library Assistant-Circulation 

Christen R. Warner '92 

Library Assistant-A cquisitions 

Virginia Martin '93 

Library Assistant-Circulation 

Penny Rose '65 

Library Assistant-Periodicals 

George G. Stewart 
Reference Librarian 

David Stockton 
Catalog Librarian 



Paul Stephen Hudson '72 
Registrar 

Rhonda Walls 
Assistant Registrar 

Emily Gwynn 

Audiovisual Specialist 

Pamela G. Tubesing 

Administrative Assistant to the Provost 

Nora Krebs 

Office Manager - Faculty Services 

Gladys Talley 

Audiovisual Coordinator 

Christie Brackbill 

Museum Associate 



188 



Admissions and Financial Aid 



John B. Knott, III 

Executive Vice President 



Barbara B. Henry '85 

Graduate Admission Counselor 



Dennis T. Matthews 

Director of Admission 

Linda M. Bartell 

Associate Director of Admission 

Laura Amiot 

Admission Counselor 

Cathy Ensing 

Admission Counselor 

Andy P. Geeter '89 

Admission Counselor 

David Graves 

Admission Counselor 



Laina Hanninen 

Administrative Assistant 

Debby Schuliger 

Assistant to the Director of Admission 

Leigh Maloy 

Assistant to the Director of Admission 

Pamela S. Beaird 

Director of Financial Aid 

Patrick N. Bonones 

Assistant Director of Financial Aid 

Jayne P. Stagg 

Financial Aid Coordinator 



Meredith A. Mabry '94 

Admission Counselor 



Christa L. Winsness '92 
Financial Aid Counselor 



Athletics and Physical Fitness 



Jack Berkshire 
Director of Athletics 
Head Men 's Basketball Coach 



Jim Owen 

Associate Basketball Coach 
Intramural Director 



Brenda Hillman 

Head Women 's Basketball Coach 
Volleyball Coach 

Michael Lochstampfor 
Head Soccer Coach- 



Dunn Neugebauer 
Head Tennis Coach 
Sports Information Director 

Steve Stepp 
Head Trainer 



Bill Popp 

Head Baseball Coach 
Superintendant of Fields 

Robert Unger 

Head Cross Country and Track Coach 



Patricia Elsey 
Office Manager 

Edmund Brunson 

Facility and Equipment Manager 



189 



Business Affairs 



John B. Knott, III 

Executive Vice President 

Linda W. Bucki '79 

Associate Dean for Administration 

Carrie Lee Hall 

Administrative Assistant to the Executive 
Vice President and Associate Dean 

Janice C. Gilmore 

Director of the Business Office 

Hilda Nix 

Accounts Payable and Payroll Supervisor 

Vivian Marshall 

Accounts Receivable Supervisor 

Janet Maddox 

Director of Institutional Research 



Adrina Richard 

Director of Auxiliary Services 

Richard L. Bemis, Sr. 

Director of the Physical Plant 

Charles M. Wingo 

Manager, Bookstore 

Sheryl Murphy 
Assistant Manager, Bookstore 

John R. Ferrey 

Director of Data Processing 

Sandra Howard 

University Receptionist 



Community Life 



Donald R. Moore 

Vice President for Student Affairs 
and Dean of Community Life 

Marshall R. Nason 

Associate Dean of Community Life 
and Director of Student Center 

Kay Norton 

Assistant Dean of Community Life 
and Director of Housing 

Patsy A. Bradley 

University Nurse 

William G. Erickson, M.D. 

University Physician 

Continuing Education 



C. Harold Johnson 

Director of Security 

Katherine K Nobles 
Director of Career Services 

Carolyn M. Duffy 

Administrative Assistant to the Vice 
President 

Betty Nissley 

Secretary for the Student Center 

Betsy Ryland 

Psychologist 



John A. Thames 

Dean of Continuing Education 

Carl I. Pirklejr. 

Associate Dean of Continuing Education 

Arlis D. Head '83 

Assistant Dean of Continuing Education 



Cynthia Mascioli 

Office Manager 

Ann Sincere 

Registration Coordinator 



190 



Development 

Paul L. Dillingham 

Vice President for Development 

Mary Kay Murphy 

Associate Vice President for Development 

Harold C. Doster 

Director of Planned Giving 

Robert M. Hill 

Director of Alumni Activities 

and Assistant Director of Annual Fund 

Marianne N. Ravry 

Assistant Director of Development Research 
and Records 



Mary Ellen Warrick 

Administrative Assistant to the Vice 
President for Development 

Deborah Kirby 

Secretary to the Associate Vice 
President for Development 

Donna E. Whitehead 

Secretary for Alumni and Development 
Activities 

Sonia Anderson 

Secretary for Development Research 
and Records 



Sharon Rabb 

Campaign Coordinator 



Public Relations 



Kenneth B. Stark, Jr. 

Executive Director ofPulic Relations 

Gina Jett Clance 

Assistant Director of Public Relations 



Renita R. Davis '90 

Media Relations Specialist 



191 



Institutional Affiliations and 
Memberships 

American Council on Education 

Association of American Colleges 

Association of Governing Boards 

Association of Private Colleges and Universities in Georgia 

Atlanta Chamber of Commerce 

College Board 

Council for Advancement and Support of Education 

Council of Colleges of Arts and Sciences 

DeKalb Chamber of Commerce 

Georgia Association of Colleges 

Georgia Foundation for Independent Colleges 

Higher Education Data Sharing Consortium 

National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities 

National Collegiate Athletic Association 

National Institute of Independent Colleges and Universities 

Southeastern Library Network 

Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference 

University Center in Georgia 

University members hold affiliations and memberships in the following 
professional organizations: 

American Accounting Association 

American Association for the Advancement of Core Curriculum 

American Association for the Advancement of Science 

American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies 

American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers 

American Association of Higher Education 

American Association of Museums 

American Association of Physics Teachers 

American Association of Teachers of French 

American Association of University Administrators 

American Association of University Professors 

American Astronomical Society 

American Chemical Society 

American Choral Directors Association 

American Choral Foundation 

American Economics Association 

American Educational Research Association 

American Guild of Organists 

American Historical Association 

American Institute of Biological Sciences 

American Institute of Certified Public Accountants 

American Library Association 

American Literary Translators Association 

192 



American Mathematical Society 

American Museum of Natural History 

American Philosophical Society 

American Physical Society 

American Phytopathological Society 

American Political Science Association 

American Psychological Society 

American Sociological Association 

Association for Computing Machinery 

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development 

Association for the Sociology of Religion 

Association of General and Liberal Studies 

Association of Georgia Housing Officers 

Association of Heads of Departments of Psychology 

Atlanta Historical Society 

Atlanta History Center 

Atlanta Press Club, Inc. 

College and University Personnel Association 

College Art Association 

College Music Society 

College Placement Council 

College Reading Association 

College Sports Information Directors of America 

Conductor's Guild 

Council for Adult and Experiential Learning 

Council of Undergraduate Psychology Programs 

Decision Science Institute 

Economic History Association 

Entomological Society of America 

European Behavioral Pharmacology Society 

Financial Executives Institute 

Foreign Language Association of Georgia 

Georgia Academy of Science 

Georgia Association for Foreign Student Affairs 

Georgia Association of Accounting Instructors 

Georgia Association of Campus Law Enforcement 

Georgia Association of College Stores 

Georgia Association of Colleges of Teacher Education 

Georgia Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers 

Georgia Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators 

Georgia Association of Teacher Educators 

Georgia Association on Young Children 

Georgia Chrysanthemum Society 

Georgia College Personnel Association 

Georgia College Placement Association 

Georgia Council International Reading Association 

Georgia Council of Teachers of English 

Georgia Educational Research Association 

Georgia Honors Council 



193 



Georgia Middle School Association 

Georgia Music Educators Associadon 

Georgia Philosophical Society 

Georgia Professors of Middle Level Education 

Georgia Professors of Reading 

Georgia Society of Certified Public Accountants 

Georgia Sociological Association 

Georgia Theatre Conference 

International Association of Campus Law Enforcement 

International Association of University Presidents 

International Federation of Choral Music 

International Reading Association 

International Society of Plant Pathology 

International Studies Association 

International Time Capsule Society 

Japan-America Society of Georgia 

Kagawa Society 

Mathematical Association of America 

Medieval Academy of America 

Modern Language Association of America 

Music Educators National Conference 

National Association for Foreign Student Affairs 

National Association for the Education of Young Children 

National Association of Academic Affairs Administrators 

National Association of Advisers for the Health Professions 

National Association of Basketball Coaches 

National Association of Campus Activities 

National Association of College Admission Counselors 

National Association of College and University Business Officers 

National Association of College Auxiliary Services 

National Association of College Stores 

National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics 

National Association of Educational Buyers 

National Association of Recording Arts and Sciences 

National Association of Scholars 

National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators 

National Association of Student Personnel Administrators 

National Childhood Education Association 

National Council of Teachers of English 

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics 

National Education Association 

National Middle School Association 

National Reading Conference 

National Science Teachers Association 

National Society for Experiential Education 

National Society of Fund Raising Executives 

National Systems Programmers Association 

North Georgia Museum Educators 

Organ Historical Society 



194 



Psychonomic Society 

Sigma Xi (Scientific Research) Society 

Society for College and University Planning 

Society for Developmental Biology 

Society for Greek Political Thought 

Society for Human Resource Management 

Society for Neuroscience 

Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Study 

Society for the Scientific Study of Religion 

South Atlantic Modern Language Association 

Southeastern Psychological Association 

Southeastern Theatre Conference 

Southern Association for College Student Affairs 

Southern Association of College Admission Counselors 

Southern Association of College and University Business Officers 

Southern Association of Institutional Researchers 

Southern Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators 

Southern Business Administration Association 

Southern College Placement Association 

Southern Early Childhood Association 

Southern Historical Association 

Southern Marketing Association 

Southern Political Science Association 

Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology 

Southern Sociological Society 

The Federalist Society 

The Tennyson Society 

University Risk Management and Insurance Association 

U.S. Chess Federation 



195 



BSMHIIS 

ii||H 
»■■« 




I V E R S r \ T Y 



4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 

Atlanta, Georgia 30319-2797 

(404)261-1441 



W&M* 



*4C£ 



OB^l 



® 



® 




® 



® 



® 






Directions to Campus 

From 1-85: 

Take Exit 31 , North Druid Hills Road. 
Go north about 2 miles to Peachtree 
Road and turn right (north). Go about 
1 mile on Peachtree. Oglethorpe is 
on the left. 

From 1-285: 

Take Exit 23, Peachtree Industrial 
Blvd., and go south about 4 miles. 
The campus is on the right. Or, take 
Exit 21 , Ashford-Dunwoody Road, 
and go south to the end. Turn right 
on Peachtree Road. Campus is on 
the right. 



1. 


MacConnell Gate House 


10 


2. 


Lupton Hall 


11. 


3. 


Phoebe Hearst Hall 


12 


4. 


Goodman Hall 


13 


5. 


Traer Residence Hall 


14 


6. 


Philip Weltner Library 


15 


7. 


Oglethorpe University Museum 


16 


8. 


Faith Hall 


17. 


9. 


Goslin Hall 


18. 



Legend for Campus Map 

Swimming Pool 19. 

Emerson Student Center 20. 

Dining Hall 21. 

Alumni Residence Hall 22. 

Jacobs Residence Hall 23. 

Schmidt Residence Hall 24. 

Dempsey Residence Hall 25. 

Trustee Residence Hall 26. 

Soccer Field 27. 



President's Home 
Seigakuin School 
Fratern ities/Sororities 
Track 

Tennis Courts 
Dorough Field House 
Anderson Field (Baseball) 
Hermance Stadium 
Crypt of Civilization 



Index 



Academic Advising 62 

Academic Fraud 71 

Academic Regulations 61 

Academic Resource Center 65 

Access to Records 71 

Administration 188 

Advanced Placement Program 26 

Alumni Assn. Board of Directors 183 

Application for Admission- 
Graduate 169 

Application for Admission- 
Undergraduate 20 

Artist-in-Residence 94 

Athletics 53 

Auditing Courses 64 

Board of Trustees 178 

Calendar 4 

Campus Facilities 16 

Career Planning 56 

Cheating 72 

Class Attendance 63 

CLEP 25 

Community Life 49 

Continuing Education 29 

Cooperative Education 55 

Core Curriculum 77 

Counseling 56 

Course of Study Descriptions 

Accounting 148 

Allied Health Studies 123 

American Studies 94 

Art 94 

Biology 123 

Business Administration 151 

Business Administration and 

Behavioral Science 89 

Business Administration and 

Computer Science 90 

Chemistry 126 

Communications 97 

Computer Science 156 

Economics 157 

Education, Early Childhood 163 

Education, Graduate 173 

Education, Middle Grades 163 

Education, Secondary 163 

Engineering 129 

English 99 

Foreign Language 102 

History 115 

Honors 81 

Individually Planned Major 87 

Interdisciplinary Majors 87 

International Studies 90, 117 

Mathematics 130 



Mathematics and Computer Science 92 

Medical Technology 133 

Music 106 

Philosophy 107 

Physical Fitness 53 

Physics 134 

Politics 118 

Pre-law Studies 121 

Pre-medical Studies 136 

Pre-seminary Studies Ill 

Psychology 139 

Social Work 143 

Sociology 143 

Theatre Ill 

Writing 112 

Credit by Examination 25 

Cross Registration 62 

Curriculum, Organization 77 

Dean's List 65 

Degrees 66 

Degrees With Honors 68 

Discriminatory Harassment Policy 51 

Drop/Add 46 

Dual Degree Programs 96, 129 

Emerson Student Center 18 

Evening School Fees 46 

Expenses 46 

Faculty 184 

Faith Hall : 19 

Fees and Costs 44 

Field House 19 

Financial Assistance 32 

Fraternities and Sororities 53 

Freshman Seminar 86 

Good Standing 66 

Goodman Hall 19 

Goslin Hall 18 

Grades 63 

Graduate Studies in Education 168 

Graduation Exercises 65, 172 

Graduation Requirements- 
Graduate 168 

Graduation Requirements- 
Undergraduate 65 

Handicapped Access 17 

Health Services 57 

Hearst Hall 18 

History of Oglethorpe 12 

Honor Code 71 

Honors and Awards 58 

Honors Program 81 

Housing 56 

Institutional Affiliations 192 

International Students 24 

Internships and Co-operative Education.... 54 



198 



Joint Enrollment 24 

Library (Lowry Hall) 17 

Lupton Hall 18 

Major Programs 67 

Mathematics Proficiency Requirement 65 

Meals 56 

Minor Programs 68 

Museum 17 

Non-Traditional Students 25 

Normal Academic Load 69 

The O Book 57 

Oglethorpe Student Association 52 

Orientation 50 

Part-Time Fees 46 

Placement Center 56 

Plagiarism 72 

President's Advisory Council 181 

Probation and Dismissal 66 

Professional Option 137 



Refunds 47 

Registration 62 

Residence Halls 19 

Residency Requirement 23, 66 

ROTC 28 

Scholarships 38 

Second Baccalaureate Degree 69 

Semester System 69 

Sexual Harassment Policy 51 

Special Students 25 

Student Organizations 52 

Study Abroad 91 

Teacher Education Program 162 

Tradition, Purpose, and Goals 7 

Traer Hall 19 

Transfer Students 22 

Transient Students 25 

Withdrawal from a Course 46, 70 

Withdrawal from the University 46, 70 



199 



Oa/etfiorpe 

U TT I V E R 5 'l T Y 



Please send me additional information: 
Name 



Address 



City State Zip. 

Phone ( ) 



School Attending . 
Graduation Year _ 



Field of Interest (if decided) 



Non-Academic Interests 



Mail to: Admissions Office 

Oglethorpe University 
4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Adanta, GA 30319 



U TT I V E R S * \ T Y 



Please send me additional information: 
Name 



Address 



City State Zip. 

Phone ( ) 



School Attending . 
Graduation Year _ 



Field of Interest (if decided) 



Non-Academic Interests 



Mail to: Admissions Office 

Oglethorpe University 
4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Adanta, GA 30319 



BUSINESS REPLY MAIL 



FIRST CLASS 



PERMIT NO. 1542 ATLANTA, GA 



POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY ADDRESSEE 



Admissions Office 
Oglethorpe University 
4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Atlanta, Georgia 30319-9985 



NO POSTAGE 

NECESSARY 

IF MAILED 

IN THE 

UNITED STATES 




BUSINESS REPLY MAIL 



FIRST CLASS 



PERMIT NO. 1542 ATLANTA, GA 



POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY ADDRESSEE 



NO POSTAGE 

NECESSARY 

IF MAILED 

IN THE 

UNITED STATES 




Admissions Office 
Oglethorpe University 
4484 Peachtree Road, N.E. 
Atlanta, Georgia 30319-9985 



200G.3G